What is the growth cycle of succulents

Caring for cacti & succulents properly: the 5 best tips

Cacti and succulents are not considered to be particularly maintenance-intensive, but they also require a certain amount of care in order to thrive.

With their thick-fleshed leaves and unusual shapes, cacti (Cactaceae) and succulents have long been popular houseplants. But there is one characteristic in particular that makes the green roommates so attractive: They are considered to be plants that can hardly be killed. But that's only half the story: Although both types of plants are extremely robust and therefore ideal as a beginner plant, they also need the right amount of care. If they are neglected, succulents and cacti begin to become ailing or can even die. We give you five tips that will ensure that your cacti and succulents not only survive, but also thrive.

content

In contrast to many other plants, cacti and succulents are quite undemanding to care for and often forgive gross mistakes. Still, you shouldn't go too far if you don't want to risk the plant perishing. You should therefore strictly follow these five care tips if you want your plant to shine in all its glory.

Tip 1: the right location

While cacti are common across most of America, succulents can be found on every continent (with the exception of the polar regions). Nevertheless, all plants of these two families have relatively similar location requirements: Since they are particularly widespread in dry regions with high levels of solar radiation, the plants love bright, sunny places. Dry heating air is also very popular with succulents, unlike many other indoor plants. What the plants don't like at all is high humidity - so succulents and cacti are unsuitable as plants for the bathroom.

Tip 2: the right substrate

Cacti and succulents not only make demands in terms of location: the choice of the right soil is also crucial. The plants prefer a sandy substrate that has good drainage properties - high-quality cactus soil is ideal. If the soil is too dense so that the water cannot run off, waterlogging and root rot can quickly occur. A good buffer capacity of the earth is also an advantage, as otherwise the earth can acidify over time and the plant is no longer ideally supplied with nutrients.

Tip 3: water cacti and succulents properly

While succulents and cacti are known for their ability to do without water, they do need some fluids every now and then. However, you should always stick to the motto "less is more": Since the plants have specialized in storing water, they only need to be watered extremely rarely. In fact, too much enthusiasm for watering is damaging to them - almost all succulents and cacti react to waterlogging with root rot. During the growing season, the plants can be watered once a week. Make sure, however, that the soil has dried properly in the meantime. In addition, excess water from the planter or saucer should always be poured off. But at the latest when the plants start to shrink, they should get liquid again - then their own water supply has been used up. Learn how to properly water your cacti in this article.

Tip 4: fertilize cacti and succulents properly

It is also important to show a little sure instinct when fertilizing - fast-growing succulents and cacti should be given some fertilizer about every three weeks to support their growth. A special succulent and cactus fertilizer is suitable for this: This has a higher concentration of potassium, which plays a decisive role in the area of ​​water storage. Slow-growing plants, on the other hand, often do not need any fertilizer at all. In any case, try to avoid over-fertilization - the sensitive roots can suffer burns if the concentration is too high. Our Plantura organic indoor & green plant fertilizer is also suitable for cacti and succulents, but should be dosed lower. Every second watering between spring and July, one milliliter of fertilizer is given per liter of water.

Plantura organic indoor & green plant fertilizer

Tip 5: overwinter cacti and succulents

Even cacti and succulents sometimes have to rest in order to continue growing at full strength. However, the different species differ greatly in their wintering requirements: While some like the snake cactus (Aporocactus flagelliformis) or the rosette thick leaf (Aeonuim arboreum) can simply remain in the living room and only need less water, other varieties have to hibernate in a cool place. At temperatures below 15 ° C and above 5 ° C and with less incidence of light, for example, wart cacti (Mammillaria) and Echeveria (Echeveria) rest for three to four months in order to be able to continue to grow healthily afterwards.

Every now and then you should also repot cacti. When and how often you should do this and how to proceed when repotting cacti, you can find out in our article with video instructions.

Receive our garden mail

Register now for our free gardening post and receive great gardening tips and inspiration regularly in your email inbox.

Frederike

I am a student of agricultural sciences and a real village child. At home I have a small vegetable garden that I tend and look after, and I prefer to spend the time outside. When I'm not outdoors, I love to write. My love is not only for plants and writing, but also especially for the animal world.
Favorite fruit: currants and raspberries.
Favorite vegetables: salsify, savoy cabbage and potatoes.