What are some interesting facts about ecology
Neo-ecology: The markets are going green
Local politics is the driver and key word for a social mind shift: The “New Local” trend is becoming political. The federal government promotes innovations primarily with regard to technical product developments. Municipalities and cities, on the other hand, are increasingly implementing aspects of neo-ecology in the population. In the future, sustainable action and business will become commonplace.
A look at the study “Environmental Awareness in Germany 2010” makes it clear: Sustainable action is above all a topic for well-educated citizens. Other problems are more important for socially and educationally disadvantaged milieus - they lack the financial means and the necessary understanding of relationships. Particularly when it comes to nutrition, there are clear starting points that will be given greater attention in the future due to various aspects.
“Organic should be the standard!” Recently demanded the show chef Attila Hildmann in a talk show at SWR. However, instead of burdening the consumer with the responsibility with cheap words, local authorities are increasingly trying to create new facts. Her motto: A society that lives sustainably should not allow non-organic food. Everyone should be able to afford it and everyone should be educated about healthy eating. Organic should no longer only be a privilege of the wealthy. When looking at programs and actions of the municipalities, this means in concrete terms: More and more day-care centers, schools and universities are increasing their share of organic food or are even switching to it - with only minor additional costs and at the same time promoting local agriculture. The “BioMetropole Nürnberg” has set itself the goal of guaranteeing 50 percent organic food in schools and daycare centers, at receptions for the mayor and at weekly markets by 2014. That also means: Region promotes region.
The numerous small-scale measures of resource-saving action will require smart strategies in the future. Decentralized energy production is driving the expansion of smart grids and smart buildings. Because only an intelligent control of decentrally produced energies makes not only small communities energy self-sufficient, but also the cities. Intelligent control of decentrally produced energies does not only make small communities energy self-sufficient, but cities also have enormous potential for innovation in the areas of control of efficiency and distribution in devices, networks and also in storage and offer enough space for ideas, strategies and Products. In addition, self-metering, i.e. measuring one's own consumption, will encourage each individual to consume less. Because only when you can understand which "adjusting screws" you have to use in order to act sparingly can you implement it accordingly. And: A particular challenge will be the control not only in a national context but above all in an international context in order to intelligently manage resources in different sunny and windy regions and to link them efficiently worldwide.
Resilient building design
With the megatrend of neo-ecology, sustainable planning and building is becoming a central question in architecture, because the tasks are extensive. One of the greatest tasks of the future will be dealing with existing buildings. Cities around the world use 80 percent of total energy. In the future, buildings will be designed in such a way that they can adapt to changing processes and future technical requirements. From 2019, the low-energy building will be the standard for new official buildings in Europe.
The federal government formulates the goal that houses will become climate-neutral by 2050 and independently generate by far the largest part of the energy they need. And in the best case, as energy-plus houses, feed the excess electricity into the grid. For the existing building, this means: It must become more efficient. Almost 70 percent of today's building stock in Germany was built in the boom years from 1950 to 1980. And it is precisely these buildings that are real energy guzzlers and will become the building task of the future. This creates new markets for sensible solutions that enable an "update" of the building fabric.
But new buildings are also subject to a new planning paradigm: Instead of perfectly organized monofunctionality, the focus is on the ability to change and transform. The demands on uses, such as working and living, are constantly changing - as are the technical possibilities. That makes planning "unplannable". Openness to future possible uses is becoming a central argument for architecture in order to be able to react to future change. This also requires the current sub-complex consideration when it comes to sustainable action. There is no such thing as a “5-point plan” for an efficient and resource-saving life. Neo-ecology is an ongoing learning process and has been thought far too simply for many years. It is impossible to predict what effects climate change will have on our environment and our lives.
Future technical developments are just as unpredictable as the results of long-term observations, such as the impact of wind turbines on the flora and fauna in the water. The same applies to expectations of urban space and lifestyle. Today's planning structures have to be open and flexible in order to be able to react to changes and (thinking) mistakes: away from the rigid model and towards scenarios with resilient, negotiable - and not cemented - milestones.
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