What is the death toll for fascism
Memorial stone for victims of fascism
|Way of remembering||monument|
|Benefactor||Concentration Camp Association (KPÖ)|
|Artist / architect|
|Type of donor||Parties and victims' associations|
|Location reference||Place of deportation or death, place of repression, place of power|
|Historical reference||National Socialism|
|Theme of memory||Imprisonment, resistance, liberation|
This memorial to the violence of National Socialism was erected on April 11, 1951 on Morzinplatz in the 1st district. It is reminiscent of the headquarters of the Gestapo in the former Hotel Métropole, where interrogations took place with brutal means and under torture during the National Socialist regime. The monument was controversial or contested in the early days of the Second Republic. Since other projects to erect larger memorials for the (political) victims of the National Socialist regime were repeatedly delayed or failed, a memorial stone was illegally erected and unveiled on April 11, 1951 at Morzinplatz in the course of a political rally by the concentration camp association. The city of Vienna took care of the monument.
The memorial stone was opened during a large rally attended by several thousand people. In terms of content, Ludwig Steiner (resistance fighter, Federal Chancellery, ÖVP), Josef Lauscher (municipal council, KPÖ) and Gustav Wegerer (chairman of the Vienna concentration camp association) contributed to the opening.
The memorial stone bore the inscription in 1951 - with the red triangle of the concentration camp association and the number '369' attached between the years:
"1938 1945 The Gestapo house was here.
It was hell for those who professed Austria
for many of them it was the forecourt of death.
It sank in ruins like the 1000 year old empire.
Austria, however, has risen again and with him
our dead, the immortal victims. "
In 1985 the memorial stone was replaced by the Never Forget Memorial for the victims of the Gestapo. The location of the new memorial moved closer to the actual location of the former Gestapo building, making the phrase "Here stood" more appropriate.
The memorial stone has been changed several times, both its shape and its location. A picture from 1951 shows a stone lying flat and the numbers "1938 1945" next to the red triangle. A picture printed in 1975 shows the same stone and inscription, but without the year and standing upright in the middle of the square. A picture taken in 1975 shows the memorial stone near the Ruprechtsstiege, also mounted on a stone plinth and an "empty" corner instead of the red corner.
- Documentation archive of the Austrian Resistance [ed.]: Commemoration and warning in Vienna 1934-1945. Memorials to resistance and persecution, exile, liberation. A documentation. Vienna: Deuticke 1998, p. 52
- ↑ A memorial stone for the victims of the Gestapo on Morzinplatz. In: Der neue Mahnruf, No. 5, 1951, p. 3.
- ↑ Erich Fein: The stones speak. Memorials of the Austrian struggle for freedom. Memorials for the victims of fascism. A documentation. Vienna: Europa-Verlag 1975, p. 21.
- ↑ ÖNB-Bildarchiv, Sign. LE 75030220 [Status: 1.7.2014].
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