Arkansas is a red state

State flags of the Confederate States

States and territories according to their political status from 1861 to 1865.

 

Status: May 16, 2012

 

Alabama

With the secession, Alabama was given a new flag on January 11, 1861, with a different figure and lettering on each side on a dark blue background. This unique constellation arose because one could not agree on a common appearance. The obverse shows the goddess of freedom with sword and flag in hand, who wears a gold star and the words "Alabama". Above it is the words "Independent Now and Forever" (now and forever independent). The reverse shows a cotton bush, a curled snake and the Latin saying "Noli me tangere" (do not touch me).

When he returned to the Union, the governor of Alabama designed his own flag in 1868, consisting of a red diagonal cross (St. Andrew's cross) on a white background and two symbols. Evil voices sometimes claim that the shape and color come from the scraps of Confederate war flags. The symbol above shows an eagle on a shield with US colors. The banner in its beak reads "Here We Rest" (this is what we rely on). This was intended to symbolize the return to the values ​​of the Union and was also shown in the state seal until 1939. Underneath, a single cotton bush is shown as a second symbol, underlaid with a red and white cord.

In 1895, Alabama came off the bilateral state railroad and took over the governor's flag, but without the symbols.

In 1939, the upper symbol in the governor's flag was replaced by one that refers to the history of the state. Two eagles hold a sign depicting a sailing ship. On the shield are the flags of Holland, Scotland, England and the Confederation, in the middle another small shield with US colors.

Alabama state flag

11.01.1861

li: front

re: back

Alabama state flag

since November 13, 1895

 

Flag of the Governor of Alabama

li: since 1868

re: since 1939

 

Arkansas

Arkansas did not receive a state flag until 1912. Their symbolism is profound. The diamond-shaped diamond indicates Arkansas as the only state in whose soil diamonds were found at the time. The number of stars in the diamond surround marks Arkansas as the 25th state in the union. The blue star above the "Arkansas" lettering stands for the Confederate States that Arkansas had joined. The three lower stars are assigned three different meanings: the three sovereign nations Spain, France and the USA; the 1803 Louisiana purchase that brought Arkansas to the United States; and that Arkansas was the third state to emerge from that purchase. The outer two of the three stars point upwards and stand for the twin states of Arkansas and Michigan, which became states at the same time in 1836. The middle star, on the other hand, points downwards. But there are other interpretations for this.

The basic appearance of the flag has not changed since it was first used. In the first proposal, the rhombus only contained three identical stars, then, when it was passed in 1913, the word "Arkansas" was added. In 1923 the fourth star for the confederation was added by law, and in 1924 it was moved up on its own in order not to break the symbolic context of the previous three stars.

Oath: "I salute the Arkansas Flag with its diamond and stars. We pledge our loyalty to thee."

Arkansas state flag

li: Proposal from 1912

re: from 02.26.1913

Arkansas state flag

left: from 1923

re: from 1924

 

Florida

Since the transition from Spain to the United States in 1821, Florida had no flag of its own. With its secession, the state temporarily took over the "Lone Star" flag of Texas. Governor Perry then determined that their flag, similar to the Confederate flag, should have red, white and red bars and a blue field, but which should extend over the entire left width and bear the Florida state coat of arms (background water and sailing ships, Middle distance a tree, foreground cannon, deployed rifles, cannon balls, drum, a Confederate flag and a variant of the Texas flag, surrounded by the slogan "In God We Trust - Florida" [We believe in God - Florida]).

In 1868 the national coat of arms was changed upon re-entry into the Union. It now shows a woman on the bank scattering flowers in the water. In the background two sailing ships and a steamship in front of the setting sun. Until 1900 this seal was used as the sole content of an otherwise white flag, after which the red St. Andrew's cross was added, as it is also used in the flag of Alabama.

Florida state flag

left: from 1861

re: from 1900

 

Georgia

It was not until 1879 that Georgia was given a state flag in red-white-red and a blue field over the entire left margin. In 1902 the national coat of arms was set in gold in the blue area. Under the roof with the inscription "Constitution" it shows a portal with three columns with the respective tapes "Wisdom", "Justice" and "Moderation" (wisdom, justice, reason). In it stands a hussar with a saluting saber. In 1920 this graphic was adapted to the state seal, colored white, and surrounded by the words "State of Georgia" and the date of foundation "1776".

Another change came in 1956. In addition to the slightly adjusted state seal on the blue area, the square star cross of the southern war flag was now depicted. This caused long-lasting discussions, especially since voices in the civil rights movement that was just beginning saw this as a racist statement against people of color. Many official bodies therefore continued to use the previous flag. As a compromise, a completely different flag was introduced in 2001: the large gold national coat of arms emblazoned on a sky-blue background, including a ribbon with the inscription "Georgia's History" and small images of the US flag with a star ring from 1860, the national coat of arms the 1902 flag, the 1920 flag, the 1956 flag, and today's US flag.

This compromise was not well received by the population, and a referendum in 2003 brought the current design: In the basic structure of the first Confederate state flag (see above) the state seal in gold, surrounded by 13 stars in a circle. The reference to the Confederate past desired by large parts of the population is thus contained symbolically, but not too intrusive.

Oath: "I pledge allegiance to the Georgia Flag and to the principles for which it stands: Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation."

Georgia state flag

left: 1879-1902

re: 1902 - 1920

Georgia state flag

li: 1920 - 1956

re: 1956 - 2001

Georgia state flag

re: 2001 - 2003

re: 2003 to today

 

Louisiana

Without a previous official flag, a flag based on the French flag with a wreath of 7 stars in the blue field was used in Louisiana between secession and accession to the confederation. Immediately afterwards, the Republic of Louisiana fixed itself on a flag with a yellow star in a red field in the upper left corner, surrounded by 13 stripes in red, white and blue. This flag was used even after joining the configuration until the end of the war.

As a member of the Confederation, Louisiana adopted a flag with symbols that had been used occasionally in the past. A pelican can be seen on a blue background, its wings spread out to feed its three chicks. The slogan "Union Justice & Confidence" (cohesion, justice and confidence) is written under the monochrome matt-white illustration. The portrait has remained relatively unchanged since then, was stylistically revised in 1912 and 2006, and more colors were added each time. If, in the form of 1861, the beaks of all birds are open and empty, the mother bird in the version of 1912 keeps its empty beak closed. The version from 2006 is still clear, in which, according to an old legend, the mother bird injured itself in the chest with its beak in order to feed the young with its blood. The differences between the images are too small that the previous flag was often used years after the change.

Louisiana state flag

left: interim flag January 1861

re: Republic of Louisiana 1861

Louisiana state flag

left: Pelican flag from 1861

re: Pelican flag from 1912

Louisiana state flag

li: current version from 2006

 

 

Mississippi

On January 20th, 1861 Mississippi gave itself a new flag with a white base color. At the top left there is a white star in the blue square, taken from the "Bonnie Blue Flag" of the former Texas, which was officially in use since the secession on January 9th, 1861. The right edge is a relatively narrow red stripe. In the middle there is a green magnolia tree with a brown trunk. In contrast to Georgia, the incorporation of the Confederate flag of war aroused no particular resistance. A referendum in 2001 to replace this square with a double wreath of stars with a large central star on a blue background (13 for the founding colonies, 6 for the previously territorial sovereign Indians, France, Spain, England, United States and Confederate States, the central star for Mississippi , all 20 as a symbol for the state as the 20th union member) was unsuccessful.

Oath: "I salute the flag of Mississippi and the sovereign state for which it stands with pride in her history and achievements and with confidence in her future under the guidance of Almighty God."

Mississippi state flag

left: from January 20th, 1861

re: from 04/23/1894

Rejected proposal from 2001

 

 

North Carolina

With its secession, North Carolina adopted a flag consisting of three simple color fields with a large white star depicted in the red field on the side. Above that, "May 20th 1775" is the date the state was founded, and below that, "May 20th 1861" is the date of entry into the confederation. 1885 - 20 years after the end of the configuration! - the flag was changed. The field to the side is now blue, the asterisk is surrounded by the letters "N" and "C" (for North Carolina), and the date is "May 20th 1775" (Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence) and "April 12th 1776" (Halifax results ) called. This information underscores North Carolina’s role in the founding of the United States and is part of the state seal.

North Carolina State Flag

left: from June 22nd, 1861

re: from 1885

 

South carolina

The blue flag with the white crescent-shaped symbol in the upper left corner has a long tradition. As early as 1776 it was used by Colonel Moultrie in the fight against the English off Charleston. The symbol is based on an emblem on the caps of the revolutionary soldiers of South Carolina and does not represent a crescent moon, as is often assumed. In 1861, South Carolina, with its dependence on the Union, added a palmetto tree, also in simple white, as another central symbol. This flag has not been changed to this day.

Around 1861 an unofficial "sovereignty flag" or "secession flag" was created, consisting of a horizontal blue cross with 13 stars, the central star slightly larger, as well as a crescent moon and a palmetto tree in white on the red background of the upper left part. However, this flag was not officially recognized at any time, but was also displayed in other states on universities or official buildings.

South Carolina State Flag

left: from 1776

re: from 1861 until today

Unofficial sovereignty flag

1861 to 1865

 

 

Tennessee

When the civil war broke out, Tennessee took a version based on the Confederate flag and replaced the stars in the blue field with its state seal. The seal shows, from top to bottom, the number "XVI" (Roman 16, for the 16th American state), a plow and a field plant, the word "Agriculture", a small sailing ship, and the word "Commerce" ( Trade).

This remained unchanged until 1897. Then the flag consisted of three diagonally cut fields in the colors red, white and blue, the yellow inscription "The Volunteer State" and again "16". This idiosyncratic shape was changed to the current version in 1905: a red flag with a narrow blue stripe on the right edge, a blue circle framed in white, and inside with three stars in different orientations. These represent the three main regions of the state, East, Central, and West Tennessee. The blue circle is intended to illustrate their connection. The blue edge bar, on the other hand, was only for design reasons, so that it does not appear too blood red when it hangs limply on the mast.

Tennessee state flag

li: 1861 to 1897

re: 1895 to 1905

Tennessee state flag

li: 04/17/1905 until today

 

 

Texas

With its independence from Texas, the now republic of Texas adopted the flag, which is still known today, made up of three colored areas and a large white star in the blue area. The color blue stands for loyalty, white for purity, and red for courage. The star always has to point upwards in every orientation of the flag. This single star stands for the unity and independence at the same time originally from Mexico, today also in the minds of other spiritual powers, and thus led to the popular name "Lone Star Flag", transferred to the state as "The Lone Star State". When it was accepted into the Union in 1845, the flag remained unchanged. A new version of public symbols in 1879 also affected flags, which officially did not have a state flag, but the "Lone Star" was still used unofficially until it was reintroduced in 1933 unchanged. In no other country did the residents identify so strongly with their flag at all times as in Texas.

In the period before and during the Texas freedom movement, numerous, very diverse and short-lived flags appeared that are not discussed here.

Oath: "Honor the Texas flag; I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas, one state under God, one and indivisible."

Texas state flag

01/25/1839 to 1879

08/31/1933 until today

 

 

Virginia

Even before Virginia's secession, but already in a noticeable area of ​​tension with the Union, this state gave itself its own flag, consisting of the state seal on a blue background. This flag has remained unchanged to this day, only the color design of the seal image has been improved. The seal shows a barefoot warrior in a Roman toga, in hand a spear, and represents the embodiment of human genius, dressed as an Amazon. She has her foot on a victim, next to whose head lies a crown. The statement of the defeated oppressor is underlined by the Latin saying "Virginia - Sic Semper Tyrannis" (Virginia - this is what happens to all tyrants). This quote goes back to Brutus when he murdered Julius Caesar. The seal is framed by green tendrils with rust-red leaves.

Oath: "I salute the flag of Virginia, with reverence and patriotic devotion to the 'Mother of States and Statesmen,' which it represents - the 'Old Dominion,' where liberty and independence were born."

Virginia state flag

01/31/1861 until today

 

 

For the state flags of the border states Missouri and Kentucky, which were formally admitted to the Confederation but never really belonged to the Confederation, as well as the New Mexico Territory, see US State Flags.

 

 

miscellaneous

The Americans also demonstrate patriotism in many other areas. Vehicle owners can request license plates with the logo of the southern veterans organization "Sons of Confederate Veterans" in the following states: Alabama (all other license plates also have the words "Heart of Dixie"), Georgia , Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Example: