Can I improve my English by translating?
Learn English - tips from students for students
1. Practice vocabulary
Claudie Kohl has the following tips on vocabulary
Here it is advisable to first read through the entire text carefully (vocabulary is usually taken from the text currently being dealt with), to underline whatever is unknown and then to look it up. Then the best thing to do is to translate the sentences again properly in both English and German. In the end, what you have learned is usually deepened by creating new English sentences with the words or writing down English paraphrases for them (e.g. to speak- an oral mean to communicate). And if something is still missing shortly before work, it has always helped me to simply copy the vocabulary several times, then cover a page, note the ones that were not able to, write them down again, etc ... until at some point they are all in my head. It's a rather stupid way, but if something has to be "put in" quickly, you can still pack one or the other into your short-term memory.
I am learning my vocabulary that I read through the vocabulary for 15-30 minutes. Then I don't do anything for 10 minutes and then I let myself be queried or pick up the vocabulary. You can do this over and over and if you get a word wrong, you put a line behind it and repeat this word often until you can. That's how I do it in Latin, too, and good vocabulary tests always come out of it.
Gabriel Weber does it that way
I write off the vocabulary and read it through four or five times, then I have someone in my family check it out in writing. I write the words that I couldn't cover or couldn't at all on index cards. I always have this in my pocket. I will be asked again later. And this usually with less than 3 errors.
This is what Stella does
I take a squared sheet of paper across and write the English vocabulary all the way to the left. Then I write the German words right next to it. Now I fold the side of the paper back so that I can no longer see the English words. Now I'm trying to add the English to the German words. When I have all of them, even with errors, I check everything and then fold over the German word page. Now I have to find the German for the English words.
If you've used two checkered sheets of paper, you can usually do all of them! Before you fold the pages, you should correct the wrong words, e.g. with a different color - like green or something.
Here is another tip
I am learning English by writing my vocabulary on index cards in German on one side and English on the other. Then when you study, the right ones get on a pile and the wrong ones too. I then learn the pile with the wrong vocabulary all over again, so that at some point later all of the questions are correct.
Our brain can best remember vocabulary with the number 7. Scientists have proven it, so the best way to learn vocabulary is to write down seven and then repeat three more times a day ... and then write down the next seven.
You can take a small box about 30 cm long and 5-7 cm wide. Then you can cut out small index cards and then the vocabulary on one side and the German words on the other, and at the end you have to divide the whole thing into 3 areas: into the vocabulary that is still to come, into the vocabulary that you were able to and into the vocabulary you didn't know.
I learn vocabulary by writing it down in a vocabulary book and then again on the computer. Then I read it through 3 or 4 times and then have it queried. I write the vocabulary I didn't know about on a piece of paper and take it with me wherever I go. In the evening I am asked again and can always use all the vocabulary.
When it comes to the vocabulary, I first read it through very clearly and then I write down all the German words on a sheet of paper, followed by the English translation (but with a pencil so that you can improve it again). And then I erase the English again and then try to write the whole thing out of my head again. Then I look to see if I have everything right again, or if I lost some vocabulary I look at them again in the book and then try to do the whole thing again. It's really faster than it sounds and after a while it's also fun ... the best thing is, you really get a very good grade because you then know how the individual words are written, that's practical ^^
So I always learn my vocabulary by first reading it in the English book. Then I cover them and try to translate all the vocabulary from English to German and from German to English correctly. Vocabulary that I still can't speak to will be written on small index cards with translation and learned that way. By the way, works in French and Latin too.
- Make yourself a clean and tidy workplace
- Learn in peace, i.e. go somewhere where nobody bothers you (especially small siblings;))
- Sometimes learning works better with a little soft music ... try it out
- Treat yourself to a small reward when you have finished studying
- Do not take over, i.e. do not do everything in one day ... you should start studying early enough, especially for class work ...
- It is essential to ALWAYS DO HOMEWORK - they are not given up for fun or to annoy the students, but rather so that the school material can be repeated at home
- at the end of the year asks the teacher if you can't take a book home with you and repeats it during the holidays (even if that doesn't sound so tempting, it's worth it)
Have fun with your studying
I am tutoring a girl from the 6th grade in English and spent a year in the USA myself. I learn my vocabulary by always writing a few on a piece of paper, then copying it and then writing the corresponding vocabulary for the word next to it. I keep doing that until I know all the vocabulary.
I have found a good alternative to the rather boring "vocabulary buffalo". Try to get in touch with native speakers (English, American, etc.) via the internet and then try to talk to them. I think the best way to learn a foreign language is to "confront" it. Then just tell them that you are a foreigner and that you want to improve your English. They will then automatically show you consideration. You can also look for literature in English in bookstores. Look for books that you might like or, if there is no other way, that you have already read in German. You can also try to translate English lyrics into German. You can always look up vocabulary that you do not know in a dictionary or search for a translation on the Internet (e.g. on LEO). If you are not sure about a translation, you can ask your teacher at school. IMPORTANT: Do not rely too much on German school English! TIP: These pieces of advice don't just apply to the English language. You can apply it to any language, be it Spanish, French or Italian. It is only important that you have mastered the basic knowledge of the respective language first!
I usually take a newspaper report, read it, underline the words I don't know and, of course, write them up and look them up. When I'm done with the article, I read through the vocabulary until it is right in my head. The best thing to do is to memorize the first 5 words completely and then the next ... etc. until you can memorize all the vocabulary. Then I write the vocabulary on a piece of paper and write down the German. I fold the sheet in half and hide the English or German word. It is important here that you write down in a jumbled manner, otherwise you just remember the order.
If I make a mistake with a word then I write one word on a separate sheet of paper and use the word to form additional words (e.g. speak, seek, peak), depending on the length, about 5-10 words and then I count the syllables. And every bet that you will NEVER forget the word again :-)
And then I read through the article again and suddenly you understand everything.
My tip is to hear the vocabulary set to music. Since I've been at a new school, every student here has got the vocabulary list from the school book set to music on a CD and that is really a help. So I can hear them every day and my pronunciation and listening comprehension has improved significantly as a result. Most of the time I listen to the new vocabulary until I can pronounce it correctly. Only then do you start trying to write them. Then I always check to see if she wrote correctly. And finally, when that fits, I practice it as a vocabulary test. Before that, I mainly only practiced it in writing and that usually went totally wrong because the teacher never understood my words and I didn't understand what he was actually saying.
I always study in my room where I have complete rest after 10-15 minutes I take a break. I also read carefully what we did in class. So you are well prepared for the next job too!
2. Learn connections
The context is even more important here. Always read through the entire topic once or several times (even if it is perhaps tedious), write out important things. Most of the time, when you read through the notes, it dawns on you, and you understand a lot that was previously unclear. Depending on the subject, carry out a few more exercises on top of everything.
Important: Only what is really understood by us in a certain way has been analyzed and put into a personal system remains in our memory permanently. So it's better to concentrate on a new topic right from the start and repeat it at home every now and then without an upcoming test or similar - you will save twice or three times the time you spend here later, because you don't have to do everything before work has to rework once.
3. General tips
- study in peace (not in front of the TV)
- Ask directly in class, if you can't come along, possibly go to the teacher after the lesson and have something explained
- Doing homework (is a good exercise, otherwise in the following lesson you don't understand what it is all about, because it often ties in directly to what you did at home (especially e.g. math))
- Learning in a group - it's fun, you help each other
- if you notice that there is a gap somewhere, it is better to take tuition to close it and come back with you without any problems (can prevent the gap from getting bigger and bigger until the grade really drops and you need tuition all the time)
I always write down what I have to learn first. Then I start with the first one and study the subject (e.g. math) for half an hour. Then I take a 5-10 minute break (you shouldn't watch TV or play the PC during the break, because you can put what you've learned through again immediately) then I'll learn again for half an hour, e.g. German, etc. You should never learn too much in one day, otherwise you will get confused afterwards.
A few more tips:
- if you didn't understand something straight away, or if you can't - don't despair straight away, just ask someone from your family, relatives or friends who can explain this to you
- learn at home the tasks you did in school again at home, that helps and you will understand more in the next lesson
- At home, write down texts that you wrote in school again neatly; you learn the text better when you write them down
4. Tips for a bigger test
If you're studying on a school assignment, write down the grammar part that you didn't understand at all on a large sheet of paper. Learn it until you can almost memorize it! Then, write it down on a small piece of paper. Learn this again until you can almost memorize it. You do this so often until you get to a piece of paper where your part hardly fits on it. On Labor Day, you put the note in your stocking. The funny thing is that you don't need the cheat at all, because you've repeated everything so often that you can't go wrong.
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