Why do you rest so much

  • Paul's letter to the Romans (Rom 11: 17-18)

God did not cast out his people

111 So I ask: Has God cast out his people? Far be it! For I also am an Israelite, of the family of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

God did not cast out his people whom he had previously chosen. Or do you not know what the scriptures say about Elijah, how he stands before God and speaks against Israel (1 Kings 19:10):

3 “Lord, they killed your prophets, they tore down your altars. I am left alone and they are trying to kill me «?

4 But what does the divine answer tell him? (1 Kings 19:18): "I have left seven thousand men who have not bowed their knees before Baal."

5 This is how it is now at this time: a remnant remains, chosen by grace.

6 But if it is by grace, it is not of works; otherwise grace would not be grace.

7 How now? What Israel seeks it has not obtained; but the elect have obtained it. The rest were hardened

8 As it is written (Isaiah 29:10): "God has given them a spirit of deafening, eyes that they cannot see, and ears that they cannot hear, to this day."

9 And David said (Psalm 69: 23-24): Your table shall be a trap and a snare for them, and a stumbling block and a retribution.

10 Let their eyes grow dark so that they cannot see, and bend their backs at all times. "

The meaning of the calling of the Gentiles

11 So I ask: Did they stumble to fall? Far be it! But salvation has come to the Gentiles through their failure; that should make her jealous.

12 But if their iniquity is riches for the world, and their harm riches for the Gentiles, what riches will their full number bring!

13 But I say to you Gentiles, Because I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I praise my service,

14 if maybe I could make my relatives jealous and save some of them.

15 For if their loss is the atonement of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead!

16 If the firstfruits of the dough is holy, all the dough is also holy; and if the root is holy, then the branches are also holy.

The picture of the olive tree

17 Now if some of the branches were broken off, but you, who are a wild olive branch, were grafted into the olive tree, and you shared in the roots and the sap of the olive tree.

18 do not boast about the branches. But if you boast, you should know that it is not you who carry the root, but the root that carries you.

19 Now you will say, The branches were broken off that I might be grafted in.

20 That's right! They were broken out for their disbelief; but you stand firm by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid!

21 If God has not spared the natural branches, he will not spare you either.

22 Therefore behold the goodness and severity of God: the severity towards those who have fallen, but the goodness of God towards you, if you remain in goodness; otherwise you too will be cut off.

23 But those, unless they persist in unbelief, will be grafted in; for God is able to graft them in again.

24 For if you have been cut down from the olive tree, which was naturally wild, and grafted into the noble olive tree against nature, how much more will the natural branches be grafted back into their own olive tree.

All of Israel will be saved

25 I will not hide this secret from you, brothers and sisters, lest you consider yourselves wise: some part of Israel has become stubborn until the whole number of the Gentiles has come.

26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written (Isaiah 59:20; Jeremiah 31:33): “The Redeemer will come out of Zion; he will turn all wickedness away from Jacob.

27 And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins. "

28 According to the gospel, they are enemies for your sake; but after election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.

29 Because He cannot repent of God's gifts and calling.

30 For just as you once disobeyed God, but have now obtained mercy because of their disobedience,

31 So they too have now disobeyed because of the mercy which has befallen you, so that they too may now be mercy.

32 For God has shut up all in disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

Praise the unsearchable ways of God

33 O what a depth of riches, both wisdom and knowledge of God! How incomprehensible are his judgments and how unsearchable are his ways!

34 For "who knew the mind of the Lord, or who was his counselor"? (Isaiah 40:13)

35 Or "who gave him something beforehand that God would have to give it back to him?" (Job 41: 3)

36 Because from him and through him and to him are all things. Glory to him forever! Amen.

Bible translation: Luther Bible 2017
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