How many racist attacks were registered

VBRG: Rights, Racist and Anti-Semitic Violence 2020: A murderous balance sheet

Press release: Association of advice centers for those affected by right-wing, racist and anti-Semitic violence e.V. here

Racism and right-wing terrorism claimed nine lives in 2020 and two people died as a result of homophobic violence. ++ Despite pandemic restrictions, an average of up to four right-wing attacks occurred every day in eight of 16 federal states alone ++ Racism is the motive in around 2/3 of the cases ++ 1,322 cases of right-wing politically motivated violence in East Germany, Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein alone, with 1922 directly affected. ++ "Nine people died in the racially motivated right-wing terrorist attack in Hanau in 2020, two people lost their lives as a result of homophobic violence," says Judith Porath from the board of the VBRG e.V. “In the corona crisis, we are not experiencing a decline in right-wing violence. On the contrary: Many people are directly affected by the further normalization of anti-Semitism and racism, ”warn experts. "The demands of the bereaved and survivors of the Hanau attack for clarification, prosecution and appropriate support must finally be met," says Newroz Duman from the initiative on February 19 in Hanau. ++ More than 50,000 people are demanding a right-wing terrorism victim fund from the CDU / Greens coalition government in Hesse in order to close the serious gap in material support for the bereaved and survivors. ++

"Ferhat Unvar, Gökhan Gültekin, Hamza Kurtović, Said Nesar Hashemi, Mercedes Kierpacz, Sedat Gürbüz, Kaloyan Velkov, Vili Viorel Păun and Fatih Saraçoğlu died on February 19, 2020 in a racially motivated right-wing terrorist attack in Hanau," says Judith Porath from the board of directors of Judith Porath VBRG eV. "The grueling balance of racism, right-wing terrorism and right-wing violence last year also includes the fact that two people in Saxony and Thuringia died as a result of homophobic violence."

The counseling centers for victims of right-wing, racist and anti-Semitic violence, which are part of the VBRG e.V., have documented a persistently high level of right-wing violence in the five eastern German states, Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein in 2020. In the eight federal states - despite the restrictions on public life in the corona pandemic - 1,322 right-wing, racist and anti-Semitic attacks were registered. In 2020, at least three to four people were victims of right-wing violence in half of all federal states. Of the 1,922 directly affected by these acts, almost a fifth are particularly vulnerable children and adolescents (339 people in bed).

In 2020, as in previous years, racism was by far the most common motive for crime. Around two thirds of all attacks (809 cases) were racially motivated and were mainly directed against people with migration or refugee experience and black Germans.

Anti-Asian racism against people with Asian roots has also increased in the pandemic through acts of violence as well as discrimination and insults. Another large group that has seen an increase compared to the previous year is the group of so-called political opponents (237 cases).

What is needed now: A right-wing terrorism victims fund in Hesse and material solidarity instead of Sunday speeches

"The demands of the bereaved and survivors of the Hanau attack for clarification, prosecution and appropriate support must finally be met," says Newroz Duman from the initiative on February 19 in Hanau. The CDU / GREEN coalition government must finally close the serious gap in the material support of the bereaved and survivors. “That is why more than 50,000 people are supporting the establishment of a right-wing terrorism victims fund by the Hessian state government made up of the CDU and Bündnis90 / DIE GRÜNEN with a petition. "Despite all the Sunday speeches and confessions of the cabinet committee to combat right-wing extremism and racism, the survivors and those attacked by right-wing violence are reduced to petitioners and all too often abandoned by the rule of law," says Newroz Duman.

Experts criticize the further normalization of anti-Semitism and racism in the corona crisis

"In the corona crisis, we see a threatening normalization of anti-Semitism and racism, which threaten social cohesion and the participation of the attacked," warns Benjamin Steinitz from the federal association RIAS. "In some protests against the infection control measures, despite all the differences in the participants, the constant latent anti-Semitism behind the conspiracy-based thinking is now openly revealed," says Benjamin Steinitz. “The very rapid dynamics of the heating in the past months - from permanent rule violations to aggressive behavior and threats both on site and in social media channels to calls for murder and violence - creates the breeding ground for the most serious acts of violence against social minorities. "

Right-wing violence in 2020: Increase in Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein, constant high number of attacks in six other federal states
In the eight federal states in East Germany, Berlin, Schleswig-Holstein and North Rhine-Westphalia, in which right-wing violence can be independently monitored by the victim counseling centers, the number of right-wing acts of violence registered in 2020 fell by a mere two percent compared to the previous year. However, the development is inconsistent in the federal states. Measured in terms of population, racist and right-wing violence increased in Saxony-Anhalt (7.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) compared to the previous year, in Berlin (9.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Brandenburg (5.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Saxony (5.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (5.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) and Thuringia (4.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), right-wing violence remains despite a slight decline at a persistently high and worrying level. As in previous years, the number of right-wing acts of violence in western German states such as Schleswig-Holstein (increase from 1.9 (2019) to 2.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) and in the most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (1.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) compared to East Germany and Berlin.

The discrepancy between the numbers of advice centers and law enforcement agencies remains high

In 2019, the BKA found only 759 PMK acts of hateful violence for the whole of Germany, while the victim counseling centers in the East German federal states, Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein had documented 1,347 right-wing attacks for eight federal states in the same year. "We can see that the discrepancy between the attacks registered by the law enforcement authorities in the category“ hate crime right-wing ”in the overall category PMK-legal acts of violence and the number of victim counseling centers remains high," says Judith Porath. “As in previous years, the annual balance sheets of the federal state law enforcement authorities and the BKA are missing numerous acts of violence from 2020, in which the perpetrators acted with unbelievable brutality and apparently acted out of racist and right-wing motivation. Those affected often only survived the gunshot wounds, kicks, blows and knife wounds of the right-wing perpetrators through fortunate circumstances. "The still inadequate and incomplete recording and recognition of racism, anti-Semitism and right-wing extremism as motives for crime by the police and the judiciary conceals the extent of the deadly dimension of right-wing violence and leaves those affected in the lurch," emphasizes Judith Porath, referring to eight examples from Bavaria , Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia, which the law enforcement authorities did not record as PMK legal acts of violence. (see press release of the VBRG e.V. from April 16, 2021)

References

Graphic representation of right-wing, racist, anti-Semitic violence in 2020 according to motives, types of crime, number of inhabitants, affected groups and as a long-term study:

Rights, racist and anti-Semitic violence in Germany 2020 - annual balance sheets of the victim counseling centers

Petition: Hessen NOW needs a right-wing terrorism victims fund

The deadly dimension of right-wing terrorism, anti-Semitism, racism and right-wing violence is still underestimated. Press release of the VBRG e.V. from April 16, 2021

Open Letter: Atlanta - Was There What? Against anti-Asian racism and social silence! For intercommunal solidarity and decolonial commemoration!

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