Which country introduced the martial art
The origin of Jiu Jitsu probably goes back to the Indian art of massage, which knows over a hundred pain and life-sensitive areas of the body. This art then came to China from India and was introduced to Japan around 1650.
There are theories according to which the actual Jiu Jitsu should come from China. But also old chronicles from Japan tell how Tatemi Kazuchi 712 AD a certainTatemi NokamI threw "like it was a leaf" through the air. And in Nihon Sho-Ki, 720 AD, it is reported how Nomino Sukume killed a sumo wrestler with one kick. These two incidents prove the existence of empty-handed forms of fighting in Japan as well.
Tradition has it that the Chinese Chin Gempinwho settled in Owari and died there in 1671, after being accepted into the samurai class, first initiated the nobles of Edo (today Tokyo / Japan) into this mysterious art, which was always kept strictly secret from the people.
After a short time, Jiu Jitsu became commonplace among all samurai and quickly developed into a martial art of self-defense without weapons, which the nobility used with the aim of incapacitating their opponents - or killing them. At the end of the 17th century, Jiu Jitsu was one of the first duties of every samurai and was practiced in the
set. The people at the time were very afraid of this secret weapon, because theBushi (Warriors) decided by their techniques of Jiu Jitsu every fight that could not be won with weapons. What is certain is that the current perfection of Jiu Jitsu is almost entirely due to Japanese efforts.
During the heyday of Jiu Jitsu, many schools sprang up in Japan, each of which gave its martial art a different name. Jiu Jitsu is just the best known of the many other types of fighting, which hardly differ from each other. The most famous types of martial arts besides Jiu Jitsu were:
Most Jiu Jitsu-Ryu also taught one or more types of fighting with weapons. The empty hand methods served as a supplement to armed combat or as an additional weapon.
The oldest of these schools is said to be that of General Shinra Saburo founded in the 12th centuryDaito-ryu riki-ju-jutsu be.Daito one called a sword of 1m length, which was carried by the samurai.
The second oldest school was that Take-no-uchi-ryu, which was founded in 1532.Prince Takeuchi should have learned the techniques in a dream. Since then, every head of this school has carried the nameTakeuchi. The famous Yagyu-ryu was born by the adopted son of the most famous swordsman in Japan,Miyamoto Musashi, founded. His name was Araki Mataemon. He also combined wrestling with the use of weapons.
The most famous Japanese schools are still today:
Kiraku-ryu, Shinnoshindo-ryu, Aroto-ryu
Yamanmoto Tabizyemon was the founder of the Shinnoshindo-ryu. This school was like thatYoshin-ryu the Jiu Jitsu cultivated. The different handles in these two schools have been classified into three groups:
in Chudan - (middle rank)
in Jodan - (upper tier)
The founder of the Tenchin Shinyo-ryu was Okayma Hochiroji orSekizai Minamotowhich for seven years under Hitosujanagi Oride, one of the most famous Jiu Jitsu teachers of ancient Japan and a follower of theLords Hitosujanagi, Learned jiu jitsu. It is reported that Okajama Hochirojiwho studied in almost all provinces of his country and worked as a traveling teacher, who once took up the fight against 100 coolies and, with the support of his assistant Nishimura, was finally able to put them all to flight.
It was also he who "Atemi", the art of evoking the state of apparent death, or - if necessary - killing the opponent by dangerous blows and blows to vital organs. When he reached the height of his fame, he changed his name Iso Matayemon Yanagi Sekizai Minamoto-no Masatari. Until his death at the age of 98, this great pioneer of Jiu Jitsu worked as a teacher in theTenchin Shinyo-ryu.
Most Jiu Jitsu masters expanded their style by learning other techniques as well. However, as with Chinese kung fu, secrecy was a hallmark of most styles. The reason for this was obvious. It should not be forgotten that the books that are so easily available today did not exist in the past. The techniques were only written in the Ryu scrolls. Apart from that, there was no information - other than the oral tradition and that of imitation.
The members of the schools had to swear to their secrecy. The scrolls passed from one head of the school to the next. Only when the predominance of Japanese chivalry declined more and more in the 19th century did the gentle art slowly lose its importance. And now comes the strange thing in the history of Jiu Jitsu.
After these great masters died, the different types of fighting were almost forgotten - in fact, the students were even advised to abandon these old Japanese customs - because the young Japanese tried to imitate the European in almost everything.
As strange as it sounds, but a German - namely Councilor Dr. Baelz -, who was employed as a lecturer in medicine at the University of Tokyo, only got the Japanese people enthusiastic about this martial art again. He himself took with the oldest master, the 70-year-old Totsuka, Classes. His students, who honored him as a European university professor, followed his example. From then on, Jiu Jitsu flourished again to such an extent that there was hardly a Japanese left who had not mastered the art.
In Europe, Jiu Jitsu was introduced at the beginning of the 20th century. In Germany, Jiu Jitsu became the old masterErich Rahn who opened the first Jiu Jitsu school in Berlin in 1906. In the meantime, the history of Jiu Jitsu has also developed in Germany. Due to the two world wars, there were ups and downs to overcome here too. In 1945 the Allies banned the practice of Jiu Jitsu through the Control Council Act. Only in the 1950s, after tough negotiations, was it possible to repeal this law.
H.G. Niederstein was impressed with the self-defense.
In 1948 he was given the opportunity to train this system for the first time through a hand-to-hand combat instructor from World War II. In the DJB, Jiu Jitsu was not practiced as an independent discipline, so he joined the DVWS (German Association for Unarmed Self-Defense) to officially take Jiu Jitsu graduations.
In 1972 he founded the KID, a short time later with masters who were very closely connected to him and loyal to him until his death in 1985, the DJJB.
Now to the meaning of the two words "Jiu (Ju)" and "Jitsu (Jutsu)". "Ju"As it also occurs in Judo, it means" yielding / willing ". Often it is also translated as" soft ", which is a bit confusing, since in this case it has nothing to do with" weak "- on the contrary .
You may need a certain amount of strength to perform some Jiu Jitsu techniques, but it is much more a question of self-control, deliberation and speed.
In the Jiu Jitsu techniques, the following techniques are used as forms of defense or attack: hitting, kicking, choking, levering, constricting, shackling, throwing, pressing to the ground, immobilizing and twisting joints. It is the way Jiu Jitsu is practiced that is indulgent.
"Jiu"uses the strength of the opponent to overwhelm it, it combines the strength of the rival with its own. Through skillful techniques or quick evasion of the impetuous attack of an opponent, its momentum is combined with its own strength and used against it.
Jiu Jitsu can be both aggressive and defensive. Atemi, the art of attacking the vital organs, can be used for defense and as an attack. The word Jitsu associates a fighting method with the Bugei or martial arts, not with athletic or aesthetic goals. Jiu Jitsu means "yielding art of war", an art that makes use of the power of the attacking opponent - or else
Physical fitness was and is a prerequisite for successful Jiu Jitsu. Certain schools even prescribed a strict moral and nutritional diet so that perfection in Jiu Jitsu could be achieved. Most Jiu Jitsu masters retired to Buddhist or Shinto monasteries for some time. This also explains the influence of monks on various ryu.
There are two points to be aware of in Jiu Jitsu: First, it is primarily a method of fighting that is useful in any circumstance and at any distance. Second, it can be practiced equally to achieve emotional, spiritual, and physical well-being. Associations that are affiliated with the German Jiu Jitsu Association have the opportunity to take part in national and international courses, which are led by qualified and highly qualified Jiu Jitsu masters.
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