How is bamboo made

Bamboo: a plant with many faces

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Bamboo: a plant with many faces

The bamboo plant has become irreplaceable in many gardens and public parks and green spaces. A bamboo plant creates a great atmosphere and can be integrated very nicely into the garden. But also other design elements such as Bamboo fences or bamboo screens have conquered the gardens. And not without reason, because bamboo has many unique properties that make the plant indispensable for a stylish design.

On the one hand, there are the versatile color tones - such as a rich, strong green or very light, almost yellowish tones. Dark black-brown tones can also be found in the bamboo. When it comes to the choice of color, bamboo has a lot to offer. On the other hand, you can bring a Far Eastern flair to your garden with bamboo. If Bamboo in the form of a visible fence is processed and a garden corner is bordered or whether many bamboo plants adorn the garden - with bamboo you get an extraordinary ambience in the green oasis, which invites you to relax thanks to the many colors. In addition, Asian accessories such as Thai decorations, wall lights, ceiling lights or bamboo furniture perfectly round off the Asian flair and create a place of calm.

If you are an avid supporter of the Bamboo plant you want to read more about the development and spread of the plant and would also like to receive many useful tips about designing with the bamboo plant and with bamboo products, you will find valuable tips on this page. We give you a lot of useful information on what to consider when growing a bamboo plant like your garden with Privacy fences or privacy screens made of bamboo Make it opaque and which aspects you should pay attention to in winter.

Bamboo: an overview of a versatile plant

Bamboo is a plant that was unknown in Europe until two centuries ago. Only around 1840/50 did the first come in the course of importing silk from China and Japan Bamboo grasses together with French traders to France.

This is also coming today vast majority of bamboo speciesthat we cultivate in Europe, from Japan or from China. Nonetheless, bamboo originally grows not only in China and Japan, but also in Africa, South America and Australia. On the map you can see the original worldwide distribution of the bamboo species. It can be seen that the largest part of different types of bamboo grows in China, whereas originally no bamboo plant was native to Europe. Of course that has now changed.

It is assumed that there are around 1500 different types of bamboo, of which around 500 of the ones we know (a good 1/3) are native to China. Many types of bamboo also grow in South America and Japan, less so in Africa. Australia brings up the rear with only three different types of bamboo. The climate is primarily responsible for this, because bamboo usually avoids extreme climatic conditions such as those found in certain regions of Australia. However, it is Combination of sun and shade, Heat and cold, precipitation and humidity are decisive. Because the bamboo can get involved in many environmental conditions. After all, that's one of the reasons why it's so widespread.

Thus, the habitats in which bamboo can be cultivated are very diverse. Its demands on the environment vary greatly, so that there are no central and generally applicable basic rules that can be applied to all types of bamboo. It is only transferable to all types of bamboo that they do not like extreme, one-sided weather events such as: only sun or only rain or only dry air. It is an interplay of many individual weather factors that will be discussed in the following document.

Facts about the bamboo

With the exception of the continents of Europe and Antarctica, bamboo species are naturally found on all continents. Bamboo belongs to the sweet grass family (Poaceae, formerly known as Gramineae). The sweet grasses are divided into twelve subfamilies, to which in turn around 116 genera are assigned. It is estimated that there are around 1,000 different types of bamboo worldwide.

An experienced gardener will quickly recognize them Benefits of bamboo. If you want to cultivate bamboo yourself, you only have to consider the site conditions and the demands of the bamboo plant on its environment. If these two factors are taken into account, you will always find a type of bamboo that can be planted and you will find that the Care of bamboo is not as expensive as it is often wrongly assumed. Provided that you inform yourself extensively about the two aspects before buying - because simply buying, planting and watering does not work with bamboo. Here and there, the gardener must be aware of the properties of bamboo and observe them so that the bamboo guarantees long-term enjoyment.

When buying bamboo you have to ...

- the climatic conditions of the location and

- the cultural demands of the bamboo plant

must be taken into account.

Bamboo: between utility and decoration

Nowadays, bamboo is a pure decorative plant in Germany. It is often used to create a Far Eastern, calming flair. But in the past, bamboo was extremely useful. Many different things were made and built from bamboo, such as tree houses or dwellings. In addition, a large number of everyday objects were made from bamboo, such as tools for fishing and hunting. And of course the plant played an important role as food. That hasn't changed until today. Therefore, it is almost impossible to list all uses in full. One of the properties of bamboo is that it is elastic, tenacious and persistent. It is weatherproof, a naturally occurring raw material and versatile. That and much more makes it very useful even today.

A piece of Asia in the home garden

Bringing a piece of Asia into your own garden is not that difficult. Here and there small accessories like a Decoration Buddha, Water installations at the pond, light light from a ceiling lamp or a wall lamp in Thai style and of course a lot of bamboo ensure an unmistakable Asian flair. Bamboo furniture can also give your Far Eastern garden corner an extraordinary touch. The design concept is only perfectly rounded off with the bamboo, because like no other plant it brings the unmistakable, Asian touch to garden design. It does not always have to be a bamboo plant, but also a bamboo privacy fence, a bamboo trellis or a bamboo fence give the garden an Asian touch.

The whole thing can then be complemented perfectly with real bamboo plants. The colors of the plant, the rustling of the leaves in the wind and unmistakable shades of green are what make bamboo so popular. Everyone associates something different with this plant, which is so diverse and at the same time extraordinary. But it doesn't always have to be real bamboo plants. You can also create a great atmosphere with artificial bamboo plants. If a Artificial bamboo tree, a bamboo leaf hanger or a bamboo tree with a pot and multi-trunk - today's artificial bamboo is of very high quality and looks great.

With a bamboo mat or a bamboo wall you can keep your garden corner completely in the Far Eastern style. The properties of bamboo make it possible that high-quality bamboo room dividers, bamboo mats and much more can be made from the natural material, which are durable and extremely weather-resistant.

Who would have thought that

With its properties, bamboo can not only become very large, it is also hard-wearing, strong and very resilient. What one would not suspect is that it belongs to the "grasses" in the plant world, more precisely to the family of sweet grasses. More than 1,000 different types and varieties of bamboo are known worldwide.

The rhizome

Even if many bamboo grasses reach the height of a tree (there are stalks that grow up to 40 meters high), bamboo is a grass and not a tree. Bamboo has no trunk, but stalks.

In the case of a bamboo, everything underground begins with a rhizome.
A rhizome is the most important organ of the bamboo and is created by the bud of another rhizome. It forms the cornerstone for developing a Bamboo plant and is responsible for the rapid spread. Rhizomes can also be seen on the surface of the earth, but for the most part everything takes place underground. When it comes to the rhizome, a distinction is made between two basic growth types that determine the spread of the bamboo: a leptomorphic rhizome Bamboo shoots and a pachymorphic rhizome of the Horst-forming bamboos.

Leptomorphic rhizome:

"Leptomorph" is Greek and means something like thin and long. The leptomorphic rhizome has the ability to grow horizontally, namely in the upper 30 centimeters of the soil. Before the rhizome becomes a stalk, it can be several meters long, depending on the type of bamboo. This growth form is often found in colder climates and is therefore widespread in Europe. The internodes are almost symmetrical, long and slender. The stalk here arises from a lateral eye.

Pachymorphic rhizome

These rhizome bodies are not thin and long, but short and thick. Likewise, the internodes are short and the cavities are not as pronounced as in the leptomorphic rhizome. The stalk grows out of the tip (end) of the rhizome.


In the early stage of growth, when the first signs of a bamboo can be seen on the surface of the earth, this is it Bamboo shoot. The shoots of a bamboo are compressed and give an idea of ​​what can develop from them. A sprout has many vitamins and is very nutritious, which is why bamboo shoots are an integral part of the diet in many cultures. However, not all bamboo shoots can be eaten, as some have a very high content of hydrogen cyanide. When the shoot comes out of the ground, it still wears a covering made of bracts. The color of the coating varies depending on the type of bamboo, mostly it is creamy-light.

The stalk

The stalk arises from the young shoot, which in turn arises from the rhizome. As the shoot grows and increases in length, it becomes a stalk. Inside, the cavity is strengthened by knots at regular intervals. The thickness of the stalk can already be seen now. The bamboo thus has a property that is also typical of other sweet grasses: there is no growth in the thickness of the sprouts.

After six to eight years, a stalk has reached its final height. When a stalk dies, new stalks grow back. The stalks grow back for different lengths. Every year, when new stalks grow back, they exceed those of the previous year in length and also in thickness.

When the bamboo has reached its final length, the rhizomes (runners) or the leaves can provide more abundance and a larger area. Stalks are not always green, but can also take on strong, bright colors such as red or yellow.

Green, green, green - and yet always different

Do you like bamboo plants and are you thinking about embellishing your garden with bamboo? Then a few things must be considered before buying so that the bamboo fulfills its purpose and adorns your garden. The large selection of real bamboo means that each type of bamboo is very different in length, care and appearance. Therefore, before buying, you have to consider where the bamboo should find its place in the garden, whether there is shade or sun and how the bamboo should grow over the years.

Cultivating bamboo - but how?

How you get your bamboo to bloom depends on two crucial factors. On the one hand, you need to know the site conditions and, on the other hand, the requirements of the plant. If you have informed yourself about this beforehand, nothing stands in the way of cultivating the bamboo species, because the selection is enormous and offers something for every location the right bamboo plant. But what are the optimal conditions for the bamboo and why did it not originally grow in Europe? Five factors are decisive for the wellbeing of the bamboo: humidity, precipitation, warmth, cold, sun / shade.

Bamboo is divided into two large groups. Once bamboo, which forms clumps. This means that it grows in the form of an oversized tuft of grass. And once bamboo, which forms runners. This group covers a larger area of ​​the ground and is similar to meadow grass in its spread. The rhizomes determine the direction of growth and, as is well known, they differ in leptomorphic rhizomes and pachymorphic rhizomes.

Of course, the decision whether you choose a clump-forming bamboo type or a runners-drifting bamboo type has far-reaching consequences for the design of your green oasis. So this decision should be considered very carefully before buying. But a bamboo can not only expand in width, but also naturally in height. And you should also consider this when making your choice. How high can the bamboo grass grow in your garden without, for example, taking away the sun and light or vice versa, how high should the bamboo grow in any case so that you can use it as a Privacy screenmade of bamboo can use? In most cases, the stalks of bamboo are much more leafy higher up than at lower heights. The stalks are colored to create a beautiful, green play of colors that gives your garden a unique touch.

If you only want to enjoy a bamboo plant at first, then artificial bamboo plants are ideal. With artificial bamboo you can design your garden corner just as stylishly as with real bamboo plants and you don't even have to have a green thumb.

Bamboo for the balcony / terrace from

Bamboo can not only be planted in the ground, but also grows very well in a large container. It should of course be noted that depending on Bamboo plant a corresponding bucket is selected. Bamboo plants are "outdoor" plants. A bamboo plant will not be able to thrive in the house, because the indoor climate of the plant is not good.

A bamboo is therefore not made for indoors and is very likely to quickly fall ill or be attacked by pests. A Bamboo as a houseplant is therefore not conceivable. If you still don't want to do without bamboo in the house, then choose an artificial bamboo plant. It has no demands on the climate or the humidity and still impresses with its natural appearance.

Warm or cold, shade or light, wet or dry?

The answer is not just one or the other. Bamboo likes it balanced ...


In order for your bamboo to thrive and give you a lot of pleasure, you have to take into account the few demands that a bamboo has on the temperature and its surroundings.

There is both bamboo that needs a lot of sun, other bamboo tolerates sun and shade and there are also a few types of bamboo that grow completely in the shade. So there is no rule that applies to all types of bamboo - because the requirements vary greatly. A rule of thumb: The larger the bamboo leaf, the more it should be protected from direct sunlight. However, if the soil is always moist, the bamboo doesn't mind standing in the sun. In a soil that tends to be more dry, however, the solar radiation should not be so strong.


In order for bamboo to feel comfortable, the soil must be well drained. It is very sensitive to dammed water at the roots. If this applies to your soil, sand can loosen up the soil, making it more permeable to water. In addition to this extreme, there is of course the other, namely a dry sandy soil that is permeable to water, but on the other hand dries out too quickly. The bamboo is also very neutral towards the soil pH values. However, if the pH value exceeds 7 and turns into an alkaline soil, the roots have problems pulling the vitamins from the soil. A pH value above 8 becomes very critical for the bamboo.


Many types of bamboo like sun and warmth, but there are also types of bamboo that do not tolerate high temperatures so well. There is no general rule here either. Despite the variety of different requirements, no general guarantee can be given that the bamboo will survive the European winter. Because this always depends on how long the winter time lasts and over what period of time the frost time extends.Usually certain types of bamboo have no problem with temperatures below 0 ° C. Many species, with the exception of the tropical species, tolerate it Temperatures down to minus 25 ° C. Rather, it is strong, persistent frost that endangers the bamboo. Strong, cold wind also gnaws at the substance of the bamboo. It can happen that a bamboo dries up rather than freezes. If there is heavy snowfall, you should remove the snow from the bamboo by shaking it briefly. In this way you free the leaves from the burden and ensure that the bamboo can develop better.


A bit of wind here and there does not cause the bamboo any problems. It becomes difficult, however, when the wind stops, because this carries the risk of the bamboo drying out.

But also places sheltered from the wind cause problems. It is important for the bamboo that the air circulates, otherwise it can be easily attacked by pests.

If you set up your bamboo in a sheltered place and you are unsure whether the air circulation is sufficient, a regular look at the bamboo is enough to check its health.

You can also choose our bamboo windbreak as a windbreak. So you can combine wonderful bamboo plants with bamboo wind protection and your Garden corner in bamboo look shape.

As already described, a bamboo does not have to be planted in the ground, but can also thrive in a tub. But here, too, a few things have to be considered. Whether in large buckets or in balcony troughs Bamboo is easy to care for provided you know your needs. Ask your specialist retailer for detailed advice on which size suitable planters should have. As a rule of thumb, these should be three times the volume of the root ball. After all, the roots must be able to spread for the bamboo to grow. A plastic container is probably best suited for a bamboo. It doesn't always look nice, but it can be decorated with a bamboo planter.

A plastic container has the advantage that it cannot burst. If the rhizome pressure in the pot grows because more and more are formed, clay pots can often not withstand the pressure and burst. A plastic container cannot break if, for example, a strong gust of wind overturns the bamboo. Remember, however, that such a vessel can become very heavy. If you want to move the bucket on your balcony in summer, use a rollable stand. In this way you remain flexible and can put the container in one corner or in the other as you wish. As with almost every plant, too much irrigation or rainwater is harmful. You can remedy this with holes in the bottom container and avoid that the water builds up and mold develops in the bucket.

Send the bamboo into hibernation - but how?

The types of bamboo that are offered in Germany usually have no problems with the cold winter weather. It is an interplay of many different aspects that are not good for the bamboo and could possibly mean that it does not survive the winter or only with damage. The decisive factor is not how cold it will be on a particular night, but how long the cold period lasts and how high the humidity is during it. As mentioned earlier, he likes bamboo no extreme conditions such as too much moisture, warmth or dryness but rather prefers the middle ground. If the wind lasts for days, for example, there is a risk that the bamboo will dry out. So always make sure that your Bamboo in winter does not dry out. So water it regularly. This is the most important protection in winter.

Frost-free days are particularly suitable for watering the bamboo. This is especially true for the bamboo in the bucket, as it can only store reserves if you water it appropriately.

With Falllaub you can Protect bamboo from ground frost. Use a pail mat to protect the bamboo from freezing. A sheet of styrofoam or fleece can help to catch the frost and thereby protect the root area from freezing. However, if the cold persists, such a base is not enough.

For this purpose, bamboo protection is recommended, for example in the form of bamboo fleece hoods or a winter protection planter for the bamboo.

But if the dry, cold winter days don't want to pass, the bamboo threatens Frost dryness. Prevent the bamboo from drying out by tying the stalks lightly, you can do this wonderfully with jute and natural bast. By tying them together, you minimize the evaporation area. The next step is to cover the plant with a Winter protection fleece hood recommended.

What if my bamboo is damaged ...?

If the winter lasted long and the conditions mentioned like too much cold wind and too little water were encountered, that does not mean that you bamboo cannot wake up from hibernation. Like every plant, bamboo has a natural function of regenerating itself. This happens in spring when the bamboo sheds the dead leaves and forms new ones. Culms that have been damaged by frost have a gray tinge. Just cut this off. Even if it looks radical, it helps the bamboo. However, if the rhizomes have not survived the winter, for example because they have frozen to death, the damaged one will become bamboo no longer fully recover and should be discarded.

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