How can exercise prevent hair loss

Diffuse hair loss: causes, symptoms, and treatment

Everyone has hair loss, that is quite normal. But there are different types and forms. If the hair becomes lighter on the entire head, it is diffuse hair loss. Serious illnesses can be behind this.

Diffuse hair loss, also known as diffuse alopecia, shows itself as even hair loss over the entire head. Compared to congenital or circular hair loss, diffuse hair loss does not result in bald spots on the scalp. It can affect both women and men.

1. Symptoms of hair loss

Diffuse hair loss in itself is not a disease, but a symptom of physical disorders. Uniform hair loss over the entire scalp is typical. But only if you lose more than 100 hairs per day you can call it pathological.

2. Causes of Diffuse Hair Loss

How does diffuse hair loss occur? There are several triggers for this, and in the worst case scenario, it can be caused by a serious illness. Therefore, hair loss should always be taken seriously. A common cause of diffuse hair loss is hormone fluctuations. This is why women are often more often affected by diffuse alopecia than men, for example during pregnancy, during menopause or when changing a hormonal contraceptive. As a result, many women experience hair loss after stopping the birth control pill. Other possible causes of diffuse hair loss are:

  • Thyroid disorders

  • Infections and skin diseases

  • Nutrient deficiency due to poor diet

  • Infectious diseases

  • Operations with anesthesia

  • Taking certain medications

  • Heavy metal poisoning

  • Chemotherapy & radiation therapy

  • too much stress

Can I Get Hair Loss From Iron Deficiency?
The protein ferritin is a marker for determining iron deficiency. Its value can be measured with the help of a blood test. If it is too low, hair loss can result. The deficiency can result from inadequate iron supply through food, increased blood loss or insufficient iron absorption through the intestines. Gastrointestinal ulcers, an unbalanced diet or radical diets can be behind this. Women with heavy menstrual bleeding as well as vegetarians and vegans also tend to have an iron deficiency.

3. Forms of diffuse hair loss

Doctors divide diffuse alopecia into two types, with different timing of hair loss. The hair cycle goes through three phases: the growth phase (anagen phase), the transition phase (catagen phase) and the resting phase with subsequent hair loss (telogen phase).

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In the first form of diffuse hair loss, hair loss does not start until two to three months after the triggering event. In the process, the hair increasingly goes into the telogen rest and loss phase. In the second variant of diffuse hair loss, the hair falls out already one to two weeks after the triggering event during the growth phase (anagen phase). This form often occurs after chemotherapy and radiation therapy or severe heavy metal poisoning.

4. Diagnosis: These examinations are carried out by the doctor

As soon as you notice an increased hair loss of over 100 hairs per day, you should consult a doctor, preferably a dermatologist. He or she takes an initial anamnesis of the duration and location of the hair loss and checks whether there are other complaints. A blood test will also be done to rule out any possible illness or nutritional deficiencies. Mainly the hemoglobin, TSH and ferritin values, the blood sugar level as well as the inflammation, thyroid, liver and kidney values ​​are checked.

A hair root status analysis, also known as a trichogram, can then be carried out. The hair root status analysis provides information about the current status of hair loss. For this purpose, around 50 hairs from the scalp are removed and various types of hair roots are determined and counted. With the help of the results, the expected hair loss in the next few months can be estimated.

5. Treatment: therapies for diffuse hair loss

To treat diffuse hair loss, the cause must first be diagnosed. In general, diffuse hair loss is considered reversible, i.e. curable. Once the cause has been treated, the hair loss usually disappears after a few months. Dietary supplements can help if you have a vitamin or iron deficiency. Thyroid disease must be treated with appropriate means. If the cause is hormonal fluctuations, special drugs can also be used. They contain the substances minoxidil and finasteride, which can, however, trigger side effects such as increased hair growth on other parts of the body.

6. Tips to stimulate hair growth

Once the cause of the hair loss has been identified and targeted treatment has been carried out, hair will grow back over time. Those affected can do a number of things to prevent new hair loss: In general, stress should be avoided. Ensure enough relaxation in everyday life through enough sleep or activities such as yoga or meditation. Head massages are also great for reducing stress. At the same time, they stimulate blood circulation in the hair roots and thus promote hair growth.

Alcohol and nicotine, on the other hand, are pure poison for the hair and should be avoided. Adequate hydration and regular exercise get the circulation going and improve blood flow to the hair follicles. In addition, a healthy diet supports hair growth. Those who eat a lot of fruit, vegetables and unprocessed foods not only promote their general health, but also provide the hair with valuable nutrients. Certain vitamins have a positive effect on hair growth. This primarily includes all B vitamins, especially biotin. In addition, strong hair needs zinc, iron, vitamin C and silicon.

7. Hair care: what is good for you and what is harmful

When caring for your hair, you should make sure to use gentle products and handle your hair gently. Frequent hair washing and rough brushing through the hair when it is wet stresses the scalp, as the hair is much more sensitive and porous than when it is dry. Frequent combing and regular wearing of tight braids can also damage the hair roots.

Heat-intensive devices such as straightening irons and hair dryers as well as hair coloring products are also unfavorable for healthy hair. When choosing a shampoo, you should also make sure not to use any weighting products with silicone. Silicone makes the hair look shiny and protects the hair, but it damages the scalp. Because it lies like a layer on the scalp, so that it can no longer breathe properly and is supplied with too little oxygen.

Important NOTE: The information in no way replaces professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.