What is lists to understand

Tips and exercises for listening comprehension

Preparation for listening

When you listen to texts in English in class, do you mostly only understand the train station? Then it is high time yours listening skills to improve. You should heed the following tips and tricks for more effective listening so that nothing can go wrong with the next listening text.

Good preparation and your full concentration are essential here.

  • Make sure you have all of the required Materials are readysuch as B. Paper or a pad, ballpoint pen, highlighter, hand out worksheets, etc.

  • Avoid distracting noises and thoughts. Relax, focus on the upcoming listening, and maybe even close your eyes.

  • Do you have the Understand the task? Should you understand the text in general or pay attention to certain details? If you are not sure, check with your teacher.

Strategies while listening

Now it can with the listening go! As a rule, an audio text is played at least twice in class, so that you can do the first pass your attention exclusively the To listen should give. You should try to understand the topic and the main message of the text first (listening for gist).

So that you do not miss any important information, we recommend that you start with the second pass pay more attention to the details (listening for specific information) and own notes to make. You have several options:

  • Make a list - You can proceed chronologically here, i.e. orient yourself to the chronological order of what has been said, or sort the content according to certain topics.

  • Application of Brainstorming or mind map method - You don't necessarily have to write your notes in list form. Instead, you arrange all the important information around the central topic that is in the middle of the sheet and then connect the whole thing with lines.

Of course, you can add small notes to your individual notes - no matter which method you use drawings add or with Highlighters, colored pencils and / or post-its give the finishing touches.

Also keep in mind that you don't understand every single word will and do not have to! This is completely normal, but most of the audio texts will be understandable for you on the whole. If you do the following Advice for better listening comprehension take into account, then you will too more difficult listening texts do not cause any major problems.

  • Look at the images to the text.

  • reading - if possible - the text With. Pay attention to the heading, because it usually reveals a lot about the content of the text.

  • Take into account Background noise. Maybe a dog is barking or can you hear a train approaching?

  • Can you known vocabulary hear out? Pay special attention to these words.

  • Use the too similarities of some English words to German. Most of the time you will guess the meaning with a bit of imagination. You can surely guess what carrot, balcony or wool in German means?

  • Also keep an eye on them Movements and your teacher's face. Perhaps he or she would like to give you a hidden hint about an important passage in the text or try to pantomime a difficult word without saying anything.

  • Try to look at the content of the text mentally imagine.

Follow-up of what has been heard

After reading notes during the listening you should watch the whole thing read through again and if necessary complete. It is also helpful to include important terms to mark or to underline. Some learners also benefit from doing everything all over again to rewrite or the records with another person, e.g. B. the seat neighbor discuss.

How about if you tried yours now listening skills to train with the help of a sample audio text?

Exercise opportunities outside of class

There are also other ways to train your listening comprehension. Here are a few suggestions for improving your listening skills:

  • Films, series, news and reports watch in English (with subtitles if you like)

  • English speaking music and English speaking Audio books Listen

  • to English-speaking countries to travel (e.g. UK, Canada, USA, Australia)

  • regularly communicate with a native speaker (in the meantime you can find so-called tandem partners, e.g. via the Internet)