Why would anyone use Truvada
All comprehensive information on HIV-PrEP is available on our topic page.
Here we answer the most important questions:
PrEP is the abbreviation for pre-exposure prophylaxis, which translates as "prevention of possible contact with HIV". With PrEP, HIV-negative people take an HIV drug preventively to protect themselves from contracting HIV.
PrEP is sometimes confused with PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis). In PEP, you take medication shortly after you are at risk of HIV in order to prevent infection.
2. How does PrEP work?
HIV-PrEP contains two active substances that prevent HIV from multiplying in the body's cells. If the virus gets into the cells of the mucous membranes during sex, it cannot multiply there. In this way an HIV infection can be prevented and one remains HIV negative.
3. How safely does PrEP protect?
When used correctly, PrEP protects against HIV as well as condoms and protection through therapy.
In extremely rare cases, the viruses transmitted are already resistant to the PrEP drug. Then an infection can occur despite correct PrEP application. However, only a handful of such cases have become known worldwide.
4. How is PrEP taken?
HIV-PrEP is recommended for daily use. If only anal intercourse is practiced, event-related PrEP is also possible: Here, the drug is only taken for a few days, for example at a sex party. You start with two tablets a day or at least two hours before sex, then take one tablet a day and continue taking it for two days after the last sex. (Further information on the intake schedule)
Accompanying medical examinations and regular HIV tests are essential for both types of intake (further information).
5. Why regular HIV tests?
If PrEP is not done properly, HIV infection can result. If the infection is not found quickly, HIV can become resistant (insensitive) to the PrEP drug. It is therefore important to have an HIV test carried out immediately before the start of PrEP, four weeks after the start of PrEP and at least every three months thereafter.
6. How do I get PrEP and who pays for it?
The PrEP for protection against HIV can only be prescribed by doctors who are familiar with the treatment of HIV patients and / or with the PrEP. Information can be found here.
The costs for the medication and the necessary examinations are then covered by the statutory health insurance companies. The private health insurance companies have their own regulations. You can also get a private prescription for the PrEP tablets and then buy them yourself at the pharmacy.
The page provides an overview of the costs for different preparations and forms of delivery as well as the purchase options prep. now.
Other ways of getting Truvada or generic drugs for PrEP (e.g. abroad or on the black market) can involve risks.
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