May girls childlike men

Everyday family life in the corona crisis

Gender is not a biological requirement, but neither is it simply the product of educational intervention by parents or educators. Learning to be a man or woman is the result of a group process that takes place in the local community.
The distinction between sex and gender has become widespread. Gender is usually used to describe the social sex. It relates to gender-typical behavior of women and men that is learned and produced in social interactions. Sex, on the other hand, refers to the biological gender, which is determined by external sexual characteristics. In many cases, however, there is an unquestioned assumption that sex is the primary formative factor. With this assumption, the idea is passed on at the same time that there is a given “natural difference” between the sexes. However, people with an intersex body show that even on a biological level there is no unambiguity with regard to two and only two genders in the sense of man and woman. What these people have in common is that they have a body or set of chromosomes that does not correspond to the “gender norms” or that they combine sexual characteristics of both sexes in different ways. The biologist and gender researcher Anne Fausto-Sterling has plausibly shown that genes, chromosomes and hormones alone are not enough to program male or female development. Every gene needs systemic cooperation with other genes within the organism in order to be effective. This in turn is connected to the psyche and both are embedded in human interactions, which in turn are influenced by culture and history. Anne Fausto-Sterling uses the image of the Russian doll for this complex interplay. The cell / gene, the organism, the psyche, the interaction, the culture and the story then each represent an individual doll, which, like in a Russian doll, are closely connected and interact with one another. The biologist and gender researcher Sigrid Schmitz therefore states that there is no cause-effect relationship between sex and gender, but only a mutual interplay. Both are inextricably interwoven, condition and influence one another and are constantly subject to mutual change processes.