Who is the father of human physiology

The father of psychoanalysis - Sigmund Freud

The father of psychoanalysis - Sigmund Freud

“By the way, we don't want to despise the word. It is a powerful instrument, it is the means through which we express our feelings to one another, the way of influencing the other. Words can be unspeakably beneficial and cause terrible injuries. " - Sigmund Freud

Many famous quotes were written down by Sigmund Freud.
The ingenious brain left indestructible traces in culture and opened gates to the previously unexplored depths of the human psyche. He uncovered the mysteries of human dreams and was the first to find a universal key to the human subconscious

Sigmund Freud is an Austrian doctor, psychologist and founder of psychoanalysis. He was born on May 6, 1856 in the Catholic city of Freiburg in Moravia. He studied medicine in Vienna. He was the oldest of eight children of the wool merchant Jakob Freud and his second wife Amalie, who was 20 years younger than him. His family was of Jewish origin, but Freud was an atheist. In 1859 the family moved to Leipzig. In 1860 they moved on to Vienna, where Freud finally stayed until June 1868. After Hitler's invasion of Austria, he moved to London.

During Hitler's invasion, she suffered the same fate as all other people of Jewish origin during World War II. Thanks to his fame, however, he was allowed to move to England. He died there on September 23, 1939. One of the things that contributed to his death was jaw and lip cancer, which he got after 67 years from being addicted to cigarettes.

Freud was precocious on an intellectual level. Therefore, a great deal was expected of him in his family. At the age of 17 he enrolled in a medical degree at the University of Vienna. In 1881 he got his diploma. He spent most of his student days researching the anatomy of the central nervous system in the laboratory of the Viennese philosopher Ernst Kris. He turned out to be an excellent researcher in physiology. He was one of the first to investigate a new drug that had a numbing effect and could influence mood. This drug was called cocaine, which is still used today as an external anesthetic in eye surgery.

The engagement to Marta Bernes in 1882 drove Freud to find a job with which he could support his family. So he went into the field of practical medicine. He interrupted his collaboration with Kris and worked in the Vienna hospital. In 1885 he became a lecturer in neuropathology at the university and in the same year he received a scholarship for further training with the recognized neurologist St. Martin Saroka in Saltpetrijeru in Paris. This hospital was the most famous hospital for nervous diseases at the time. When he returned to Vienna in April 1886, he opened his private practice as a consultant for nervous diseases. In the same year he gets married.

He was the father of six children. His youngest child, Anna Freud, developed into a recognized psychoanalyst.

Freud based his theory on observations made by his patients and himself. The trained psychologist Josef Brojer influenced Freud from an early age. Breuer and Freud brought out the book “Studies on Hysteria” together. The book contains case studies and was a key point in the further development. The publication of the book marked the emergence of psychoanalysis. In 1900 he brought out the book "Trauminterpretationen" which explains the subconscious processes in the brain. He worked day and night on his cases while his wife looked after the children. In 1904 he brought out his most famous book, "Psychopathology of Everyday Life", where he describes how subconscious feelings and desires often come to light in errors.

He published many books, articles, and lectures. Although he enjoyed his work immensely, the last 20 years of his life were marked by tragedy. The outbreak of World War I bothered him, especially since two of his sons were in the army. In 1920 one of his daughters died of flu at the age of 26 and he developed jaw cancer in the early twenties. Because of the cancer, he had more than 30 operations.

For Freud, personality and behavior were the result of the continuous influence of two conflicting psychological forces. These psychological forces act on the three levels of consciousness: the conscious, the subconscious and the unconscious.

His houses in Vienna and London were converted into museums. There you can feel the spirit of the father of psychoanalysis and look at some of his personal items, such as leather bags, a couch and a display case full of Egyptian, Roman and ancient Greek images.