Selling organic soap is a rewarding hobby

Your own wax cycle


Wax extraction - wax clarification - wax processing

Beeswax is a valuable commodity!

Every year many hundredweight of good beeswax are lost for the beekeepers and also for the economyin that empty hives often stand with the honeycombs in the apiary. After a year at the latest, all honeycombs have been destroyed by the wax moths. But this is not allowed! Old honeycombs must always be carefully cut out of the frame, melted down or sent to a wax-processing company. The beekeeper will use this opportunity to exchange the old combs at the specialist trade and to receive dividing walls for a reworking fee.

TIP: Don't waste anything! At every peoples control one should get into the habit of scraping off all wax superstructures and putting them in a can or a box. You will very soon be surprised at the amount of wax that accumulates over the course of the year and can be obtained by melting it down.

Young wax, healthy bees

For reasons of bee health, the wax in the colony should not be allowed to get too old - Germs and other pathogens can accumulate over time and thus endanger the health of your bees.

Old, dark, no longer translucent honeycomb structure should be removed from the colonies as soon as possible, because it often harbors many pathogens and smaller and smaller bees are produced within the cells of these old honeycombs, because the individual cells are becoming smaller and narrower due to the pupae of the previous breeding channels .

Smaller bees, however, are less productive and also much more susceptible to disease. These black and heavy honeycombs should also no longer be used as storage cells.

 


Your own wax

It is therefore worthwhile for every beekeeper: the beekeeper can rightly be proud of his own wax cycle and the self-made middle wall. And who keeps beekeeping in order to let the little natural wonders that bees give us go to waste?

The wax production

There are various methods and tools to extract the raw wax from the resulting honeycomb material, depending on the size of your own beekeeping and the demands on the effectiveness of the yield.

It always remains the same that the honeycombs are melted down in order to free the wax from the frame wires, impurities and residues of the bees such as cocoon shells. There are basically two different methods: dry melting and wet melting.

1. Dry melting

In the warm season, small to medium-sized beekeepers in particular can use a sun wax melter, such as our Taunus sun wax melter with rotating stand A 3774.

A great advantage of the method is that no additional energy source is required. This method is particularly recommended for economical and environmentally conscious beekeepers.

The sun wax melter is also a very good aid to melt down unhoused wax with the help of the sun's heat and turn it into wax blocks. Honeycomb construction frames, with or without maggots, will bring wonderful wax in the sun wax melter in the summer sun, which will be gladly accepted by every wax processing point. The exchange rate for center walls is very high for such omitted wax (almost free of sediment) and therefore very popular.

2. Wet melting

In wet melting, the honeycombs are boiled in water or melted with steam.

With steam wax melting in particular, you get very clean wax: the wax is drained near the bottom of the device and is thus already free of floating impurities.

Steam wax melters are especially profitable if you cannot melt your wax in the summer months. With the steam wax melter you are independent of time and can easily melt out entire frames without having to cut out the honeycombs. The annoying wiring of the frames can be omitted.

Our entry-level model, the Taunus “Edelstahl” A 3789 small wax melter with A 3780 steam master, is already doing a very good job, also in larger apiaries.

On the other hand, we can recommend the steam wax melter “Apitotal” with conviction, which are gas and electricity powered. It holds up to 30 honeycombs and does us good service in our Taunus large beekeeping.

Clarify the wax

If you want to use your wax to produce your own dividing walls, the wax should ideally be decontaminated to ensure that germs and spores do not accumulate from season to season. For candle production, the wax must be clarified as well as possible in order to ensure that the candles burn evenly.

In principle, the wax is kept liquid for some time in a suitable container, e.g. made of stainless steel, with a little water. Make sure that the temperature does not exceed 90 ° C in order to avoid boiling and overflowing (fire hazard!). Some impurities rise, others settle. When it cools down slowly, a "layer of dirt" remains that can be removed from the wax base - e.g. with a stick chisel.

A double-walled wax melting pot with a heated oil bath is ideally and conveniently used, such as our wax clarification tank A 3781. This also minimizes the risk of fire. And higher temperatures, for example to disinfect the wax, are possible.

The septic tank has a drain cock at the appropriate height to draw off the clean beeswax and a drain for dirt deposits at the deepest point of the wax container. Switch on, wait, drain - done.

Wax processing

Most beekeepers will use your wax to make centerpieces or candles. In the industrial sector - in addition to beekeeping itself and candle production - beeswax is mainly used in the cosmetics industry. In essence, however, artificial waxes have replaced beeswax because they are cheaper and can also be produced in different ways for different applications. But back to our beautiful hobby!

The middle wall production

The best and most comfortable way to produce your own dividing walls is with a water-cooled dividing wall casting mold, as we can offer you in many honeycomb sizes and in the highest WSE quality. With such a mold, 60-70 dividing walls can be produced per hour!

The principle can be imagined as a cooling waffle iron. The wax is brought to cool between two non-adhesive mold plates. The wax is heated in a wax pot - ideally made of stainless steel - like our A 3761, which is kept at temperature in a water bath (in a larger pot on an electric hob, for example).

Candle pouring

Casting molds made of silicone rubber, as we offer them in hundreds of designs, are particularly suitable for casting candles with beeswax.

To ask? Then just ask!

We are happy to advise you on setting up your own wax cycle and also on all beekeeping questions.