What exactly is a problematic personality

Psychiatry, Psychosomatics & Psychotherapy

Personality disorders can be viewed as an extreme expression of a personality style with inflexible, rigid and inexpedient personality traits, which impair the quality of life of the person concerned, lead to (subjective) suffering or to frequent conflicts with his environment. Deviating, non-conforming ways of experiencing, experience and behavioral patterns restrict the person concerned in his satisfaction and in the achievement of his personal goals or lead to frequent problems with other people or with society. In this context, “inappropriate” is understood to mean that the behavior or feelings deviate noticeably from the expectations of society, the socio-cultural environment, and results in problems in the interpersonal area.

A personality disorder is when these problematic personality traits are stable and persistent and can be traced back to adolescence or early adulthood. It is not a result of another mental disorder, the effect of a substance (e.g. drugs, medication, poisons) or another disease, such as a head injury, but arises independently of it.

Around 8% in Germany suffer from a personality disorder. In psychiatric patients, the frequency is significantly higher at 40 to 60%. The various subtypes of personality disorders, which are described in more detail below, occur with very different frequencies. Personality disorders occur equally in women and men. Only the antisocial personality disorder shows an accumulation among men, otherwise the distribution between the sexes is balanced in relation to the general population.