Pennsylvania was a new English colony

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30 Independent! American settlers freed themselves from British rule. 13 British Colonies Between 1607 and 1733, 13 colonies emerged on the Atlantic coast of North America. About 1.5 million people came from Europe. Many left Europe for fear of political persecution or because their religion was forbidden in their country. Extreme poverty and a thirst for adventure also drove people to the “New World”. Favorable tax regulations in the colonies were also attractive to many. British traders made a lot of money. They brought raw materials such as tobacco, cotton and fur to Britain. Goods from all over the world could only be brought to America through them. British soldiers fought on the side of the settlers against the American indigenous population and French soldiers who defended their own colonies. The Road to Independence After a costly war between Britain and France in Europe, taxes in the colonies were increased. However, the people in the colonies refused to pay higher taxes. They wanted more participation. The dispute culminated with the Boston Tea Party. Representatives of the 13 British colonies met. George Washington was designated as the joint military commander in chief. The declaration of independence * was passed on July 4, 1776. The British government did not want to recognize this, which led to the colonists' war of independence against Great Britain. This was won through French support. Now the British king declared the colonies free and independent. The constitution was established in 1787. It is still in effect. The United States' national holiday, Independence Day, is celebrated on July 4th each year. A B 13 British Colonies in North America (History Map) The US Constitution of 1787 It is one of the oldest constitutions in the world. Human rights were also enshrined in it. British acquisitions 1763 British “Royal Proclamation Frontier” of 1763 (settlement ban for whites west of this line) People of America SIOUX Borders of the 13 English colonies Spanish colonial area until 1763 French colonial area until 1756/63 British colonial area before 1763 2 Rhode Island 1663 1 Connecticut 1662 0 200 600km 400 4 N (to 1763 Spanish) C anada (to 1763 French) N orth C arolina 1729 South Carolina 1729 V irginia 1607 Pennsylvania 1681 New York 1664 2 New Hamp- shire 1629 1 162 9 M assachusetts M ary la nd 1 6 32 G eorgia 1 7 3 2 L ouisiana (French 1 68 2-17 63) Baton 1718 1719 St. Loui s 1682 Pittsburgh 1754 Detroit 1701 Philadelphia 1682 1623/1664 1636 Boston 1630 Quebec 1608 1642 Montréal PA WNEE SHAWNEE Golf of Mexico Lake Huron Lake Ontario ATLANTIC OCEAN Upper S ee M issis si ppi SIOUXM i ch ig an see HURONENE giant lake ALGONKINS t. L or en z- Str om IROKESENM issouri Ohio DELAWARENCHEROKESENT en ne ssee M ississippi SEMINOLE The Development of the 13 English Colonies 1607–1775 Nouvelle Orléans Rouge Savannah 1733 Charleston 1672 Jamestown 1607 New York Providence Plymouth 1620 ew Jersey 1664 Delaware 1682 Baltimore 1729 2 Legislative power LEGISLATIVE executive power President = Head of State, Head of Government EXECUTIVE judicial power JUDICATIVE Senate and House of Representatives Supreme Court Army Electoral men (now also electoral women) Eligible voters Control Control Supreme command Only for testing purposes - Property of the publisher öbv

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