What is lawn
What is lawn anyway?
Lawn is a mixture of different grasses. Different plants are therefore represented in all types of lawn. Since these grasses have different properties, such as particularly easy-to-grow, particularly green or very easy to care for, but sometimes also have special needs, the right mixture is important for the optimal lawn.
"It's all about the right mix!"
Which lawn is right for you will depend on local conditions. Do you have an area where the sun shines all day? Or is the lawn just in the shade? Should the lawn be hard-wearing because you want to play football on it with your children, or is it more of an eye-catcher? These questions should guide you in choosing the right type of lawn for your home.
Types of lawn - the much sought-after green in your own garden
A lush green, dense lawn is a great addition to any home garden. Since the foundation stone for the beauty of the lawn is already laid when choosing the right type of lawn, one should be clear about the type of use and the care required. The lawn can be a purely decorative garden element or used as a grass mat for sporting activities and for children to run around. The seed mixtures available on the market can be roughly assigned to the three types of lawn: utility lawn, ornamental lawn and sports lawn. The lawn for use with its medium load capacity and reasonable maintenance effort is well suited for home gardens. In general, however, high-quality, homogeneous seeds should be selected that contain few types of lawn that form a dense sward with no bald spots.
An ornamental lawn with which a stylish greening is to be achieved requires different care than a robust garden lawn. The effort required to maintain the lawn for the various types of grass depends on the speed of growth, resistance and water consumption. The English lawn, for many the epitome of a beautiful lawn, was not originally intended for the garden. Nevertheless, this noble type of lawn adorns numerous home gardens with its lush green, its density and step resistance as well as the moderate maintenance effort. The English lawn needs a sufficient supply of water and nutrients. For the usual garden, a type of lawn is usually sown, which is called garden lawn. This robust lawn gives you a soft feel to walk on and because of its density, the weeds cannot penetrate. The rule of thumb for selecting the type of lawn is that the more people are on a small lawn, the higher the demands on the robustness of the lawn.
Even if the “colorful meadow”, interspersed with flowers and grass, is not a classic type of lawn, it has its special charm. Such a meadow lawn can also be used to fill in bare areas of an existing lawn. So that the plants can regenerate well again, the cut should not be set too short. A special type of lawn is the slowly growing shadow lawn, which does not have to be mowed so often. For example, the grass variety Lägerrispe (Poa supina) can be used for shady to partially shaded garden areas. Usually the grass species lichen ostrich grass (Apostis stolonifera), red fescue (Festuca rubra), meadow panicle (Poa pratensis) and German ryegrass (Lolium perenne) are found in the lawns. The ostrich grass is usually a component of the ornamental lawn, while the red fescue is suitable for numerous types of lawn. Lawn grasses require neutral to slightly acidic soils (pH 5-7). Sports turf is not suitable for the allotment garden. The lawn care of the sports lawn is only possible with a lot of horticultural experience.
The preparation of the soil is also an important prerequisite for a beautiful lawn. The ideally sandy loam soil should be loosened spade-deep and raked smooth. The best time to sow the grass seeds is in spring or late summer. If all of this is too expensive for you, you can also apply a ready-made turf, a so-called rolled turf, which is supplied in roll form. This only has to be cast on. A genetically modified lawn was developed in America. This type of turf, known as "gene golf turf", has a slower growth rate compared to conventional turf types. When sowing in gardens, there is a risk that this gene mixture will mix with traditional lawn types in an uncontrolled manner. Cheap mixtures of lawn seeds that contain agricultural grasses that grow faster and become taller than the rest of the lawn can also take an unfavorable course. With quality lawns and the appropriate care, however, a beautifully green lawn carpet is created.
You can find out exactly which types of lawn are available on the following page:
Types of lawn
Basics for healthy lawn growth
Grasses in general and lawns in particular need the following for their growth:
- sufficient nutrients,
- sufficient light,
- reasonable temperatures and
- a loose, humus-rich and active soil.
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