Which calendar did the Romans use?
How did you count years in the past?
Various methods of calculating time were used in ancient Europe. In Greek and Roman monarchies, the time was counted according to the years of reign of kings and emperors. In democratic states, the years after their changing heads were documented: in the Roman Republic the years were named after the respective consuls, in the Attic democracy after the highest officials. And in antiquity there was also a time counting according to epochs or eras, in which the years were counted from a certain fictional or real event. An example of this is the Roman calendar "ab urbe condita" - from the foundation of the city of Rome on April 21, 753 BC.
The Jewish calendar, which is still in use in Israel today, counts the years from October 7, 3761 BC, beginning with the assumed time of the biblical creation of the world. The Islamic calendar begins in the year 622, when, according to tradition, the Prophet Mohammed emigrated from Mecca. This calendar still sets the religious holidays today.
In the Far East (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam) the years were determined after the government currency issued by the ruling kings and emperors. In Japan this calendar is still valid today. Since 1989 we have been in the period of "Heisei" (peace everywhere), as the government motto of the Japanese Emperor Akihito is.
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