How does Guru Gita begin
The Guru Gita is a song of praise to the guru who bestows spiritual wisdom.
The Guru is equated with the highest Absolute, Brahman, and Brahman himself is considered the Guru.
The Guru Gita is a conversation between Shiva and Parvati. The Guru Gita emphasizes the necessity and importance of finding a spiritual teacher (guru) and praises his greatness.
The Guru Gita consists of 352 verses and is part of the Skanda Purana. Vyasa is considered to be its author.
Swami Sivananda on the essence of the Guru Gita
SwamiSivananda writes in his book Sarva Gita Sara  about the Guru Gita:
Sadhana or self-realization cannot be successful without the help of the guru. The guru is God's representative on earth. He is the mediator between the aspirant and Brahman. He destroys the ignorance of Sadhaka (2) and opens his eye to wisdom. The guru is therefore worshiped as a god - so no distinction should be made between guru and god. He who is fully devoted to the Guru whom he has carefully chosen will cross the ocean of samsara and attain the highest state of immortal Brahman. This is the essence of the Guru Gita.
Guru Gita and Guru Stotra
The Guru Stotra is a compilation of verses from the Guru Gita. The Guru Stotra is recited regularly in many Indian ashrams and also in the Yoga Vidya Ashrams in Germany.
The main verses of the Guru Gita
Swami Sivananda considered the following verses to be the most important of the Guru Gita and therefore included them in his work Sarvagita Sara.
1. The auspicious peace prayer should, as usual, be recited at the beginning so that it brings the desired result. Vishnu, the Promising One, who has Garuda as a mount, is the Promising One. The lotus-eyed one is the one who is promised. Hari is the home of the auspicious.
- The Guru Gita is a writing of 216 stanzas attributed to the sage Vyasa. It is part of the much larger Skanda Purana, a spiritual narrative about the life and deeds of Kartikeya (also called Skanda or Murugan), a son of Shiva and Parvati.
- spiritual aspirant
- World of opposites, human world, world of war and struggle
2. Devotion to the infinite Vishnu who is the abundance and who is forever praised; who is the cause of the seed of the entire universe; which is the highest manifestation of being-knowing-bliss.
3. Worship the guru who is the witness of thoughts; who is known through the Vedanta (philosophy of unity); who is the source of absolute consciousness and bliss; who is the essence of truth and bliss.
4. The guru is Brahma. The guru is Vishnu. The guru is Shiva. The Guru is the supreme Brahman. Worship this guru.
5. Worship to the Guru who, with the instrument of knowledge, opens the eyes of the one who is blinded by the darkness of ignorance.
6. Worship the guru who revealed the truth of the word "YOU"; who pervades the entire universe of the movable and immovable creation with all its moving and immobile creatures.
7. Worship the Guru who revealed the truth of the word "THAT"; who pervades the mobile creation in the form of the undivided infinite.
8. Worship the Guru who revealed the meaning of the word "BEING" (Tat Twam Asi "That is you"); who pervades all three worlds with all their mobile and immobile creatures in the form of the whole consciousness.
Annotation: Verses 6, 7 and 8 refer to the Mahavakya, the great metaphysical saying from the Upanishads: "Tat Tvam Asi" - "That is you", which expresses the essential unity and nonduality.
9. Worship of the Guru who is beyond Nada, Bindu and Kala (1); the pure consciousness that is the Eternal, the Peaceful, that is beyond space and that is the Immaculate.
10. Worship of the Guru by virtue of whose existence the world exists; because of which lights the world is illuminated; because of which bliss all are happy.
11. There is no reality outside of this guru. There is no spiritual discipline outside of this guru. There is no realization outside of this guru. Worship this guru.
12. The form of the guru is the root of meditation. The Guru's feet are the root of worship. The guru's teaching is the root of all mantras. The Guru's grace is the root of salvation.
13. The water with which the Guru's feet are washed is the sacred drink. The remains of the Guru's table are proper nourishment. The right meditation is that on the form of the guru. Persistent Japa (2) is with the name of the Guru.
14. In order to gain knowledge and dispassion, one should drink the water with which the Guru's feet were washed. This cuts off the root of ignorance, overcoming rebirth and attachment to karma (3).
15.Kashi (4) is the Guru's abode. Ganga (5) is the water with which the Guru's feet were washed. Shiva is the guru. The Trataka Mantra (6) is undoubtedly the highest Brahman.
- Nada, Bindu, Kala - sound, starting point for diversity, time
- Japa - mantra repetition
- Karma - fate of life, law of cause and effect
- Kashi - the holy city of Varanasi (Benares) in India
- Ganga - the holy river Ganges
- Trataka mantra: The root is the word "tara": that which helps something to cross. The mantra helps in crossing the ocean of samsara, worldliness.
Annotation: On verse 13: The symbolic ritual washing of the feet, such as in the Guru Paduka Puja, a ceremony in which the teacher's feet are venerated. It is based on the idea that the guru is not worshiped as a person but as a representation of a higher reality and that he radiates this blessing through his feet.
16. The aspirant should please the guru by offering him a place of honor, shelter, clothing, a vehicle or jewelry, etc.
17. One should be ready to offer one's body, senses, life, possessions, friends, relatives, self, family, everything to the true guru.
18. The guru alone is the whole world including Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. There is nothing greater than the Guru. Hence only the guru is to be worshiped.
19. Without awe, one should bow down with the whole body before the guru and worship the guru with actions, mind and speech at all times.
20. The baths taken during the pilgrimage to the seven oceans bring only one-thousandth of the effect of what can be achieved by drinking just one drop of water that was used to wash the Guru's feet.
21. When God is angry, the guru is the savior. When the guru is angry there is no savior. Thus, once one has found a worthy family guru, one should seek appropriate protection from him.
22. Every day one should humbly bow in the direction of the radiant pair of feet of the goddess Lakshmi.
23. Worship to the Guru, the pure being, freed from the three Gunas (1), unchangeable and pure, the One and Eternal, who transcends the pair of opposites, who is as wide as heaven, attainable through the saying "You to That" (tat tvam asi), the bliss of Brahman, the giver of supreme happiness, the gathering of absolute knowledge.
- Gunas: Properties of nature, i.e. here: free from passions and temperaments.
24. Constant reverence to the blessed Guru, the doctor for the sickness of samsara, the adorable God of yogis, who is blessed, who is the source of happiness, who is always content, who is the essence of knowledge, who is identical with true being .
25. One should always meditate on the divine form of the Guru, as he is enthroned in the center of the lotus in the heart and shines brightly as the moon, which is ready to give the desired blessings for the attainment of the knowledge of being and bliss.
26. Worship to the Guru, the Brahman, the pure knowledge and bliss, the eternal knowledge, the flawless, the formless who is beyond appearances, the pure, the eternal.
27. Anyone who uses duo to the guru, who says “hm” in front of the guru, who speaks indecently in the presence of the guru, becomes a Brahma-Rakshasa (a terrible demon) in a waterless area.
28. One should know the supreme Brahman, the Eternal, the Formless, the Unqualified by considering oneself as Brahman, like a light compared to another light.
29. I worship that Satchidananda (1) who is beyond the mind, master of the universe, eternal, fulfilled, formless, featureless and as the self inherent in all.
30. The guru is Shiva, the guru is God. The guru is the relative (friend) of people. The guru is atman, the guru is jiva (2). There is nothing but the guru.
31. A guru who has no knowledge and who is a liar and hypocrite should be avoided. He doesn't even know how to bring about peace for himself. Then how could he give peace to others?
32. Those are not gurus who are unbelieving, indulged in sin, atheists, who are unbalanced, enjoy women, behave badly, are ungrateful and dishonest.
- Satchidananda: being-knowing-bliss, a characterization of absolute reality.
- Jiva: individual soul
33. I take refuge in God the Guru who, by sweeping aside the phenomenal world, erasing all doubts and integrating consciousness, reveals the inner mystery.
34. There are numerous gurus who pull the aliveness out of their disciples, but rare is the guru who erases the pain of the disciples' hearts.
35. Verily, his guru shines, who is very skillful, astute and imbued with spiritual wisdom, who is pure and intelligent.
36. Gurus are pure, peaceful, benign, speak very little; they are free from passion and anger, behaved well, and are self-controlled.
37. Whoever does not care for the guru who gave him initiation into the monosyllabic mantra OM will be reborn hundreds of times in the canine world and among the outcasts.
38. Death is inevitable for those who forsake the Guru. Poverty awaits those who give up the guru mantra. He goes to Raurava Hell (1) who gives up the mantra that the Guru gave him.
39. The 70 million mantras only confuse the mind. There is only one major mantra, namely the two-syllable word "Gu-ru".
40. "Gu" means darkness, "ru" means their eradication. Because he eradicates the darkness (of ignorance), he is called "Guru".
41. One should go devotedly with gifts to a guru who is knowledgeable of Brahman and with the desire to gain the knowledge of the Vedanta and with firm belief in the explanations that lead to ultimate liberation.
42. At the beginning one hears the teaching of the Guru (Shravana). Then you think about what you have heard (Manana). Finally, through deep meditation (Nididhyasana), one gets full realization.
43. Just as a blind person has no knowledge of the visible, even in millions of rebirths one cannot get the knowledge of reality except through the initiation of a guru.
44. As soon as the guru's grace descends, belief in God, in meditation, etc. also emerges. The disciple should be calm, self-controlled, absolutely dispassionate, full of great trust, devoted to the guru and established in a simple lifestyle.
45) The disciple should approach the Brahmanishtha (2) Guru by walking around him in awe (3) and humbly bowing to him with clasped hands, asking him, “O God, O Guru, teach me fully of the mystery the highest truth. "
- Ravana hell - hell or a black deer's skin
- Brahmanishtha - the one who is anchored in the knowledge of Brahman
- Indian custom of going around a temple or saint to get in the mood and express one's devotion
46 + 47. He who worships the Guru with great devotion will reap the fruit of jnana (1). The guru is Parameshvara (2), the giver of divine knowledge, who is completely incomprehensible to people with dull mind and who can be known through the words of the guru; he dwells in the hearts of all and is peaceful, all-pervading and all-powerful.
48. He who has the highest devotion to God and equally to the Guru as to God - these truths reveal themselves to this blessed soul.
49. People cross the ocean of samsara, sitting in the firm boat of the word of the guru, driven by the favorable winds of powerful practice and past samskaras (3) and controlled by the guru as helmsman.
50. The renunciation of sense objects is difficult, the vision of the truth difficult, and the attainment of self-realization without the grace of the guru is difficult.
51. Worship to the Guru, Shiva, the essence of Satchidananda who is free from the world, peaceful, unassisted and self-radiating.
52. You are Vishnu. You are brahma. You are Mahesvara (4). You alone are the figure of Shakti (5). You are the unqualified Eternal.
53. Worship to the Guru, the embodiment of peace, the great hidden secret, the unthinkable, the immeasurable, who has no beginning and no end.
54. Worship you, being, the cause of the universe. Adoration of the one consciousness, the bearer of all worlds. Worship of the truth of non-duality to whom salvation brings. Worship of the Brahman, the all-pervading and the eternal.
55. Worship the Dakshinamurti (6) who appears in the threefold form of God, Guru and Self; which is omnipresent with its shape like the sky.
- the highest God (in the Bhagavad Gita this is Krishna)
- Samskaras - desire for past life release
- literally: the excellent, the supreme lord. Nickname of Shiva.
- Shakti - the power that creates and moves the universe. The feminine energy behind the whole universe
- literally: the south-facing face. A name for Shiva. In mothology, Shiva in the form of Dakshinamurti was the first teacher of the first people.
56. Worship of the Dakshinamurti, the origin of all knowledge, the doctor for all ailments and diseases of samsara, the guru of all worlds.
57. This (Guru Gita) destroys all sins, bestows Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. (1) Whatever one desires, one thereby attains. It is certain.
58. Whoever recites this Guru Gita with a pure heart and full of knowledge incessantly - or even just beholds or touches it - is freed from rebirth.
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Guru Gita the worship of Guru - Sukadev in the audio lecture
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