How does the striking mechanism work in rifles

Hunting weapons. Cold weapons. Firearms. Long firearms. Handguns. Shotguns. Cans. Pistol. Revolver. Combined weapons.


1 Hunting Weapons Cold Weapons Firearms Long Guns Handguns Rifles Shotguns Combined Weapons Pistol Revolver

2 The shotguns (category D other firearms)

3 The shotguns (category D other firearms) The shotgun is a weapon which, due to its design, is suitable for shooting fleeing or stroking (flying) game at short distances (max. Meters).

4 The shotguns (category D weapon other firearms) Cartridges are fired that have a large number (pcs.) Of projectiles, small bullets, called shot, loaded. This gives you a scatter shot.

5 The shotguns (category D other firearms) There are the following types of shotguns: Single-barrel shotguns (Category D other weapons) break-barrel shotguns, rarely cylinder or drop-block shotguns; Double-barreled, two-shot shotguns (Category D other weapons) Single-barrel shotguns, side-by-side shotguns, over and under shotguns Single-barreled, multi-shot shotguns (Category B weapons subject to approval) Gas pressure or recoil loaders; Bolt-action shotguns pump guns !!! (Cat. A prohibited weapons)

6 tap shotguns ... hammerless shotguns hammerless shotgun hammerless shotgun

7 The barrel of the shotgun The barrel part of a shotgun consists of the two smooth inner barrels, the soldered-on barrel rail and the locking parts at the rear end of the barrels (different depending on the type of breech). Greener lock, cartridge chamber, running rail, pearl grain transition cone, barrel hook extractor, barrel bore, choke bore

8 The shotgun barrel Arrangement of the shotgun barrels: DOUBLE GUN: barrels are side by side OVER-AND-UNDER SHOTGUN: barrels are on top of each other. SINGLE-END shotguns: semi-automatic shotguns, bolt-action shotguns or single-barreled (break-barrel) shotguns. The shotgun most frequently used in hunting is a side-by-side shotgun or an over and under shotgun (= break-barrel shotguns).

9 The shotgun barrel The cartridge chamber and cartridge extractor are located in the rear part of the barrel. built-in automatic ejection = EJECTOR! Cartridge extractor one part acts on both barrels! Ejector (ejector) a separate part for each run!

10 CAUTION !! Ejector !!!

11 The shotgun barrel The bore of the barrel is CYLINDRICAL and narrows just before the muzzle = CHOKE BORE The purpose of this is to keep the scattering of the shot sheaf less and to concentrate the shot somewhat. The choke hole is indicated on the barrels in different forms. Either you use `or * or you just write it down. However, it should be noted that the specification of the choke hole does not have to be present!

12 The shotgun barrel Choke hole type VOLL ¾ ½ ¼ cylinder Narrowing of the muzzle by approx. 1 mm approx. ¾ mm approx. ½ mm approx. ¼ mm 0 mm Marking * ** *** **** *****

13 The shotgun barrel Choke hole When shooting at moving targets, there is always a different distance to the target between the first and second shot. For this reason, the two barrels usually have different choke holes. When shooting at shorter distances, the sheaf of shot can spread a little further and at longer distances it has to be held together more. Further barrel: DOWN or RIGHT front trigger Narrow barrel: UP or LEFT rear trigger

14 The shotgun barrel Choke hole Some companies also offer shotguns with exchangeable (poly-choke) or adjustable (vario-choke) choke inserts.

15 The shotgun barrel As with the rifle barrel, the shotgun barrels are also stamped with proof marks and caliber. Furthermore, the barrel length of the barrel (if it does not deviate from the standard length = 65 mm, it does not have to be hammered in!), Information on the choke hole, proof mark and weapon number can be found on the shotgun barrels. If no cartridge length is indicated on the barrel, it is one with NORMAL LENGTH = 65 mm or 2 ½ inches.

16 The bolt housing (receiver): The bolt housing houses the following parts: Locking mechanism Clamping mechanism Striking mechanism Safety trigger system

17 The bolt housing (receiver): The locking mechanism is responsible for the gas-tight locking of the barrel part with the bolt housing. There are various locking systems for this. The best-known locking systems are: Greener Double Greener Closure or Kersten Closure Purdey Closure Webley & Scott Closure Flank Closure

18 The lock housing (receiver): Greener lock double greener or Kersten lock Greener lock Purdey lock Webley & Scott

19 The bolt housing: cocking and striking mechanism When the break-open rifle is opened, the fore-end takes on the task of cocking the strikers with the striker springs via the clamping arms. The strikers snap into the retaining notches of the trigger rods and are thus held taut.

20 The bolt housing: cocking and striking mechanism When the shotgun is released (if there is no automatic safety device and 2 tongues), the weapon can simply be closed again with the triggers depressed. ATTENTION!! Do not relax loaded guns with some the firing pins are in front of them !!! If the trigger is pressed in the loaded, cocked state, it releases the hammer, which strikes the firing pin and thus triggers the shot.


22 Safety: A loaded and cocked weapon poses a great risk. It must therefore be secured in some way to prevent the shot from breaking unintentionally. In shotguns, the safety catches are usually attached to the butt neck as a sliding safety catch. As a rule: front position FIRE rear position - SECURED

23 The safety device: front position FIRE rear position - SECURED

24 The safety: mostly trigger safety for more expensive weapons, but also hammer safety systems. With some shotguns, the safety can be done automatically, when you operate the locking lever (top lever) or not automatically. There is no fuse in the traditional sense of the word with cocked shotguns. It is secured when the taps are relaxed, i.e. on rest.

25 The trigger system: In the case of double-barreled shotguns, two triggers are usually built in. front trigger rear trigger lower or right barrel upper or left barrel.

26 The trigger system: Many shotguns (over and under shotguns) have a single trigger that operates both barrels by pulling the trigger twice. (IMPORTANT omit completely between the two shots, then press again!). The disadvantage of using single triggers for hunting is that it is more difficult to choose which barrel to fire (2 different shot sizes, or even loaded with shot and rifle barrel).

27 The trigger system: In order to have a choice, most single triggers are equipped with toggle switches that change the sequence of the runs (e.g. on the slide lock or push button on the trigger). The trigger weight is approx. 2-2.5 kg. The triggers are designed as rifle triggers (i.e. without backlash / advance).

28 The stock of shotguns: The stock of shotguns (break barrel) consists of 2 parts: Buttstock fore-end

29 The stock of shotguns: The fore-end fulfills 4 tasks: cocking the rifle when opening it securing it against falling apart (holds the parts of the shotgun together) point of application for the guiding hand when firing cocking the ejectors (if available) fore-end

30 The buttstock of shotguns: The buttstock is inserted into the shooter's shoulder and transfers the recoil to the shooter. English stock buttstock stock with pistol grip

31 The stock of shotguns: There are innumerable names for different stock designs, e.g. a stepped comb is called a Monte Carlo stock. The design of the jaw is also referred to differently. Bavarian cheek round cheek. Monte Carlo stock with Bavarian cheek piece Pistol grip stock with round cheek piece

32 The stock of shotguns: When shooting at moving targets, the shape and dimensions of the stock are very important for the shooter. If the shaft does not fit the shooter, it is almost impossible to hit. The barrel shoots the shaft meets an old saying. In addition to the different lengths, the lateral alignment of the shaft piston primarily has an effect. straight stock shouldered stock (worked from the face)

33 The stock of shotguns: With a modern shooting position, one would have to cope with a straight stock, as found on most over-and-under shotguns. But often (physique or too frontal posture) a set shaft (shanked from the face) is required to bring the aiming eye into the correct position. Control: look at the stop with your eyes closed and then look at the position of the front sight

34 Sighting device on shotguns: The sighting device of the shotgun consists of a bead front sight, the running rail and possibly an auxiliary front sight, the so-called Lyman front sight, which is attached in the middle of the running rail and is only about half the size of the pearl front sight. The Lyman grain can be used when practicing the stroke to control the lateral alignment. When firing, however, the stop must sit in such a way that this alignment fits.

35 Lyman-Korn Korn runner rail Sighting device for shotguns