What is the national bird of Morocco

What is the national bird of Syria?

The northern bald, also known as the bald ibis or the hermit ibis, is the national bird of Syria. The bird is endemic to North Africa, Central and Southern Europe, and the Middle East, but the wild population is now considered extinct in Europe. This ibis is listed as an critically endangered bird with a population of less than 500 birds in the wild. The largest population of the northern ibis is found in Morocco, while fewer than 10 are found in Syria. The bird was thought to be extinct in Syria until 2002 when it was rediscovered. It holds the status of the country's official bird because it is native, endangered, and has religious significance. Muslims believed that the bird goes to Mecca every year with the pilgrims to Hajj.

Description of the National Bird of Syria

The Nordic ibis is a large bird with a wingspan of between 49 and 53 inches and weighs between 35-46 oz. It has black plumage with purple and bronze green iridescence. The bird has a blunt red and feathered head while its beak is long and curved. The sexes have similar plumage, but the males are slightly larger than the females.

North bald population in Syria

The Nordic ibis was declared extinct in Syria until 2002 when a small population was rediscovered in the wild. Between 2002 and 2004, conservationists made significant efforts to increase the population. During this time, about 14 chicks were successfully fledged. Conservation efforts in the Palmyra Desert have been hampered by the low survival rate of the chicks. Hunting and electric shock resulted in the death of young children when the older birds migrated to Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia. Conservationists began raising chicks in captivity and introducing them to wild colonies as adults. After the start of the Syrian War in 2011, all conservation efforts were halted and since then the northern balding population has dropped significantly to less than 10 birds. No bird was seen in the country in 2014 and 2015, but a colony of nine birds was seen in 2017.

Cultural importance of the bald ibis

According to legend, the ibis was the first bird released from Noah's ark because it represented fertility. The bird was therefore considered a religious benefit for humanity and it is for this reason that the wild population in Turkey survived longer than the rest of Europe. In Egypt, the Nordic ibis was revered as a symbol of luster and splendor. The Egyptian god Thoth was depicted with the head of an ibis and a human body. The historian Herodotus documents a mythical, man-eating Stymphalic bird with a sharp curved beak and a long wingspan that could unleash fire on its enemies. Several images suggest that Herodotus based his mythical creature on the northern ibis. Postage stamps in Yemen, Turkey, Syria, Morocco, Algeria and Sudan reveal the portrait of the Northern Kahlisis to indicate its importance to Muslim culture.


Author: Charlotte Johnston

Charlotte Johnston is a 25 year old journalist. Evangelist of Lifelong Bacon. Communicator. Freelance thinker. Beer fanatic. Player. Zombie lovers. Alcohol specialist.