Who called Indian Indians

Origin and discovery of the Indians

The term "Indians" is a common name for the indigenous people of North America north of Mexico with the exception of the Eskimos (Unit).

Northeast Asia was originally the native home of the Indians. They lived in Siberia during the last ice age and migrated in small groups over the frozen one for thousands of years Bering Strait, which at that time connected Siberia with Alaska, first to Alaska and then on to North America and South America - to the so-called "New World". The Inuit (also called Eskimos), on the other hand, only came in a later wave of immigration Indians in contrast to the European immigrants too "The Native Americans" or "Indigenous Peoples of America". The term "Indian" (originally Spanish: "indios") goes back to the error of the European seafarers, who wrongly believed to have landed in East Asia, which was then commonly referred to as India.

Because as Christoph Columbus , an Italian navigator in the service of Spain, in 1492 by the western sea route America discovered for the Europeans, he initially believed to have gone ashore in India.

On August 3, 1492, three ships set sail from the Spanish port of the Andalusian town of Palos de la Frontera. 71 days after their departure, on October 12, 1492, the ships of Christopher Columbus finally reached the New World. Columbus went ashore on an island in the Bahamas, called Guanahani by the locals, and was firmly convinced that he had reached East Asia with his crew. The inhabitants he met here belonged to the Arawak (Aruak) tribe. The first encounters with the indigenous Arawak people were extremely peaceful. In his logbook, Christopher Columbus described them as "innocent" and "generous". At the same time, however, he always saw them as future subjects or even as slaves. Christopher Columbus died on May 20th. in 1506 in Valladolid. He probably died believing that he had discovered the western sea route to East Asia. After Columbus discovered America (for the Europeans), cruel wars of conquest began against the natives and half a century later almost all of Central America was conquered and the Indian population largely exterminated. Even after the seafarers had recognized their mistake - where they actually went ashore - they kept the term “Indians”. In this context it is also important to say that Columbus “discovered America for the Europeans”, because the history books often erroneously state that “Columbus discovered America”. Ultimately, however, Christopher Columbus had actually only got lost on the coast of a supposedly new continent - but the ancestors of the "Indians" had discovered him much earlier.

The North American Indians were later often considered contemptuous by the Europeans "Red skins" designated.

This probably goes back to encounters with Indians and Indian tribes who wore red body paint. Because the skin color of the Indians is of course not red, but a shade of brown in various shades. The members of some tribes only know the custom of painting themselves with red paint on certain ceremonial occasions. Red stands for the color of blood, a symbol of life. Hence, they were colloquially called "Redskin" or "Red Man" denotes what is now considered a swear word and should not be used when speaking of the Indian peoples with their long tradition.
"Indianer" is the German term for the English word "Indians", which the northern European colonial powers used to describe the natives of North America in particular. In South and Central America, on the other hand, the pre-European inhabitants were called "Indians" in Spanish. "Indians", "Indians" or "Indians" is a collective term used by Europeans that includes many different ethnic groups and tribes, some of which differ from one another culturally Rather, a multitude of different tribes with the most diverse cultures and religions lived there in all regions of North America. Source:
Image 1: http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/
Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, e.g., LC-USZ62-90145] Image 2: http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/
Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, e.g., LC- LC-USZC2-1687 Image 3: http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/
Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, eg, LC-USZ62-105062 Image 4: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bild:Kolumbus-landet-auf-guanahani_1-860x1315. jpg
Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Guanahani
Based on an allegedly contemporary Spanish illustration
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemeinfreiheit