How many women have Tourette's syndrome

Tourette syndrome

Tourette's syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder, which in turn is a tic disorder. Tourette syndrome affects children. In 90 percent of cases, the symptoms of Tourette's syndrome set in before the age of eleven. The time of development is usually between the fourth and seventh year of life.

Children with Tourette syndrome develop vocal and / or motor tics, which can be simple or complex. These tics appear completely involuntarily. They have no meaning and have no purpose or purpose. The tics occur individually, but also in series. They can also be temporary or chronic.

According to the definition, tics are “involuntary, rapid, mostly suddenly shooting and sometimes very violent movements or vocalizations that can occur again and again in the same way individually or in series.” The Tourette syndrome got its name from the French doctor Georges Gilles de la Tourette. He scientifically described the disease for the first time in 1885.

Estimating the frequency of Tourette's syndrome is only possible roughly: Doctors assume that around one percent of the total population is affected by this tic disorder. In Germany, more than 800,000 people would suffer from Tourette.

Tourette's syndrome is usually accompanied by other diseases and health problems. Some examples:

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD): about 50 to 75 percent
  • Obsessive-compulsive illness: in 30 to 65 percent
  • Learning difficulties: weaknesses in reading, writing, arithmetic (approx. 24 percent)
  • Anxiety disorders: about 19 percent
  • Sleep disorders: about 14 to 26 percent
  • Aggressive behavior towards yourself (autoaggression): about 14 to 33 percent
  • depressions

Intellectual abilities are not impaired in Tourette's syndrome. A disability, even a severe one, can still be the disorder for those affected in everyday life, at school and at work. Children with Tourette's syndrome may receive compensation for disadvantages at school according to the Disabled Persons Act. The pension office recognizes Tourette's syndrome as a disability upon application. Depending on the type and intensity of the symptoms as well as the course and the therapeutic influence, the degree of disability (GdB) is between 50 and 100 percent.