What is a FV432
(schu) - What the M113 armored personnel carrier is to the American and "almost-the-whole-rest-of-the-world" armed forces, the FV432 armored personnel carrier (FV = Fighting Vehicle) is to the British soldier. The English nephew of the M113 was developed by the GKN Fighting Vehicle Development Division in the late 1950s. Initially, four prototypes and ten test vehicles of the unarmored light tracked vehicle FV420 were built. After the basic OK of the British Ministry of Defense, GKN operated the further development.
In 1962, when GKN was now trading as GKN Defense, the official production order for the Armored Personnel Carrier FV432 APC was issued. The first series vehicles went to the troops in 1963. In addition, GKN should further develop the light chain-driven transport vehicle FV431 and the FV434 as a rescue tank. However, the FV431 was never used. In the production period up to 1971 GKN delivered 3000 FV432. The first series had the additional designation Mk 1. Then followed Mk 1/1 and Mk 2 and finally Mk 2/1.
The steel armor of the FV432, known by the troops as the Trojan, provides protection against light infantry weapons and fragments. The driver sits in the front right of the vehicle, above him there is a hatch that opens to the left (note: reversed images are shown on various photos, e.g. model fan 9/2000!). The commander's seat is located directly behind that of the driver and has a hatch that can be rotated through 360 °, next to which the 7.62 mm GPMG is also mounted
The crew compartment is located in the rear of the vehicle and offers space for 10 soldiers (five on the right and five on the left). The fold-up bench seats allow the FV432 to be loaded with additional loads of up to 3750 kg. A door at the rear of the vehicle that opens to the right forms the exit for the teams. There is a circular hatch above the crew quarters, the halves of which open to the right and left.
The engine and transmission are located to the left of the driver. The exhaust is located on the left outside of the vehicle (from Mk2).
Originally, all vehicles were provided with a folding wall that could be set up on the upper edge of the body, which made it possible to drive under water. Over the years, however, the folding walls disappeared from the vehicles, which resulted in the loss of the amphibious operational capability.
Some technical data: Length: 5.251 m, width: 2.8 m, height: 2.286 m, combat weight: 15.280 kg, engine: Rolls-Royce K60 No 4 Mk 4F 2-stroke 6-cylinder multi-fuel, top speed (road): 52.2 km / h, range: 480 km
The FV430 series includes the following versions:
FV431 - Battlefield load carrier (the "original version")
FV432 - prototype
Mark 1 - APC base
Mark 1/1 - APC base
Mark 2 - APC base
Mark 2/1 - APC base
Ambulance - Basic APC with medical equipment
Barmine - Mine-layer with mine-laying device Barnime
Bates - Fire control vehicle (artillery pipe)
Carl-Gustav - Base APC with anti-tank weapon 84mm L14 A1 "Carl Gustav"
Command - Command tanks
Cymbeline - Base APC modified for artillery reconnaissance
Engineer - APC base with tube bundles and other equipment
Face - Fire control vehicle (FACE - Field Artillery Computer Equipment)
Fitters - Basic APC with additional equipment for repairs
Giant Viper - Mine-layer with mine-laying device L3A1C "Giant Viper"
Milan - APC base with anti-tank weapon "Milan"
Peake Turret - with a small one-man machine-gun turret
ranger - Mine layers with mine spreading system "Ranger"
Rarities - Base APC with 30mm Mk in the Fox turret
Wombat - Base APC with light gun 120mm "Wombat"
FV433 - Abbot 105mm self-propelled howitzeron FV432 chassis
FV434 - Recovery and repair work with HIAB crane
FV435 - Swingfire version converted for communication tasks orElectrical test vehicle / minelayer (conflicting information)
FV436- with mortar location radar EMI Limited "Green Archer"
FV437 Pathfinder - Special recovery vehicle with snorkel for river crossings
FV438- Anti-tank version with Swingfire missiles
FV439- Telecommunication variant in different designs (generator, cable reels, etc.)
The large number of variants and designs, which are certainly not complete, shows that the "Trojans" have been adapted to the various needs of the troops in the course of their long service life. The Gulf War in 1990/91 and the operations in the Balkans in particular made further modifications (including pioneer tanks with clearing devices and clearing shovels) necessary.
In contrast to the M113 family, the FV430 series was not widely used. Except for the British Armed Forces, only the Indian Army used vehicles of this type. The Australian Army decided in 1962 after a comparison test between M113 and FV432 - also against the background of the Australian mission in Vietnam - to introduce the M113.
Although the FV430 vehicles have been "under their belt" for more than 30 years, their retirement is not yet imminent. The British Army does not expect a replacement for the aging FV432 fleet until 2010. Then it is hoped to receive the first of a total of 1400 MRAV vehicles that are currently being developed as a European battle taxi.
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