Can peach faced lovebirds eat budgie seeds
The budgie (Melopsittacus undulatus) belongs to the order of the parrots (Psittaciformes) and to the family of the real parrots (Psittacidae). The budgie gets its name from the wavy pattern of its plumage.
The home of the budgie is Australia, where it was allegedly discovered in 1792 by the counterfeiter Thomas Watling. In 1840 the first live specimens were exported to England. The trade in budgerigars soared that the Australian government finally imposed an export ban on budgerigars in 1884. This export ban is still in place today, although the budgie is not on the list of threatened species in Australia.
The budgie is originally green with a yellow face. However, there are now around 100 standard color varieties that are recognized by the breeding associations. The most common colors in budgies are blue, yellow, and gray. There are also white budgies.
Attitude and care
Budgies are considered to be relatively easy to keep and care for. Nevertheless, a few things should be observed so that the birds can live appropriately.
Budgies are flocking birds. They must therefore always be kept at least as a pair, or better still in a smaller flock with several birds. The cage should be big enough and at least 80cm long for a couple. A small flock of a maximum of 6 budgerigars needs a room aviary of at least 1m² of floor space. In addition, it is important to ensure that the budgies get free flight in the room every day. The cage should be thoroughly cleaned once a week with a gentle dish soap and plenty of fresh water.
Budgies are fed with commercially available grain mixtures. In addition, the budgie needs different types of millet (very high in calories, therefore only to be offered as a delicacy) and daily fruit such as apples and pears or vegetables, e.g. cucumber or carrots. However, the budgie does not tolerate all types of fruit and vegetables. Therefore, you should definitely consult a veterinarian.
Budgies also need fresh water every day and a bird bath, the water of which must also be changed daily. Budgerigars also need mussel grit for their digestion. The budgie also needs a sepia shell or a mineral stone on which to rub its beak.
Perches and toys made of plastic should be avoided. Perches made of natural material such as wood in various diameters with which he can exercise his joints and nibble on are recommended. Plastic budgerigars and mirrors do not belong in the cage under any circumstances, they are now considered to be animal welfare-unfriendly. Such 'toys' are not a substitute for a partner and cause severe behavioral disorders and aggression in solitary birds.
Budgies can get very old if they are kept in a species-appropriate manner. Age over 15 is not uncommon.
The cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) is an Australian species of bird from the order of the parrots (Psittaciformes). It was previously unclear whether the cockatiel belongs to the cockatoos or the parakeets within the parrots (older names such as cockatoo and wedge-tailed cockatoo indicate these uncertainties in the nomenclature), but it is now certain that it belongs to the cockatoos. Cockatiels are popular and widely used pets. The first wild-caught animals came to Europe around 1840, and ten years later they were successfully bred.
The exact systematic classification of cockatiels within the parrot order has not yet been conclusively clarified. The current scientific name Nymphicus hollandicus has only been used since 1832.
In 1788 Johann Friedrich Gmelin called the cockatiel "Cockatoo" with the Latin name Psittacus novae-hollandiae. The second part of this name represents a designation of origin: The first discoverers of Australia, Dutch seafarers, had called the Australian continent "New Holland", Latin novae-hollandiae. In 1792 the ornithologist Robert Kerr established the current species name hollandicus. The zoologist Johann Georg Wagler established the genus Nymphicus in 1832. It can no longer be determined today what inspired him to choose this name.
Today the cockatiel is assigned a systematic special position, but in close relation to the cockatoo. The cockatiel is often managed in its own subfamily of cockatoos. The subfamily Nymphicinae only has one genus with Nymphicus. There are various theses about the development history of the cockatiel, but none could be proven. A common, already extinct trunk form is assumed. From this both the flat-tailed parakeets and the cockatiels and in the same line the cockatoos could have developed. In the meantime, the close relationship with the black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus), the helmeted cockatoo (Callocephalon fimbriatum) and the pink cockatoo (Eolophus roseicapilla) has been proven.
Appearance and build
The approximately 30 to 34 centimeters long birds weigh around 90 to 110 grams and live to be 15 to 20 years old, and in individual cases up to 30 years. The cockatiel's original appearance is gray with white wing-coverts and an orange spot on the cheek. The roosters have a distinctive yellow face mask, the hens a yellow-black transverse banding on the underside of the tail. The long, pointed feather hood on the head, with which the animals probably express feelings and moods, is unusual.
In the last 60 years many color varieties have been bred that differ widely from the wild form. In addition to the wild-colored cockatiels, there are, for example, pearled ones, lutinos, piebalds, white heads, cinnamon and combinations thereof. The differentiation of the sexes is much more difficult with the new colors and can often only be clarified on the basis of behavior.
Natural habitat and nutrition
Cockatiels live in the arid inland areas of Australia. They are currently not endangered there, but the existing game population is considered to be declining. Except in closed forests, cockatiels can be found in almost every type of vegetation in their habitat. The swarms live nomadically and roam extensive areas, only during the breeding season do they settle in a permanent place. Typically, a swarm is made up of up to 50 individuals. Very large swarms form during the seasonal migrations. Over 1,000 animals have already been observed at the same time at water points. Due to this constant mixing of the population, no recognizable subspecies have developed.
Wild cockatiels feed on semi-ripe grass and millet. Wheat and sorghum are also used. When looking for food on the ground, a swarm member (preferably a rooster) always remains seated on a raised post to warn of danger.
Reproduction and Social Behavior
The start of the breeding season depends on the availability of food. Depending on the climatic conditions, two to three successful broods are possible. The birds look for nesting places near the water - often there are eucalyptus trees in which the nesting holes are about three meters high. A clutch consists of four to six eggs and the incubation period is between 18 and 21 days. Usually the hen broods at night and the rooster during the day. Partner feeding was only very rarely observed in wild cockatiels. The chicks are blind when they hatch, the eyes open around the 10th day of life. After about four weeks they leave the nest box and learn to fly. Cockatiels are independent after eight to twelve weeks, they reach sexual maturity at around nine to ten months of age.
Even within large schools, cockatiels are monogamous. You have a distinctive group behavior, which outweighs the individual behavior. In the event of danger, for example, all members of the group flee if only one animal in the swarm gives a typical warning shout. The lure call (or search call) is used to find individual individuals or smaller swarm units in front of z. B. a common flight to the waterhole.
Keeping as pets
Cockatiels are very adaptable and resilient. They therefore breed in captivity even under less than optimal living conditions. Hence, they were valued as pets from an early age.
Cockatiels are distinct swarms even when kept as pets. Therefore, the opposite-sex paired attitude is ideal. Individual posture can lead to behavioral disorders and incorrect imprints on people. Quiet, even-tempered birds can become screamers, and in the worst case even pluckers. That is, they mutilate themselves by tearing out their own plumage. Bare parts of the body, scarring and longstanding difficulties in rehabilitation are not uncommon.
Cockatiels take up a lot of space. In the expert opinion on minimum requirements for the keeping of parrots of January 10, 1995 (published by the "Expert Group Expert Opinion on Animal Welfare Keeping of Birds") the cockatiel was not taken into account, but the minimum size recommended for birds of comparable size for a pair in pure cage or aviary housing can be assumed: it is two meters long, one meter wide and one meter high. The size of the base is decisive, not the height. The highest point of the aviary must be at least at eye level, otherwise the birds will feel uncomfortable. Non-toxic natural branches in various thicknesses, sisal ropes, swings and small boards are suitable for furnishing. Natural woods are advantageous for wearing out the claws, so that shortening by humans is extremely seldom necessary.
Any plastic facility, on the other hand, poses high health risks. For example, corrugated plastic rods and perches wrapped in sandpaper can cause ulcers. In addition, internal injuries can occur due to ingested plastic parts.
Stainless steel or ceramic bowls are suitable for feeding. If there is a lot of space, you can also feed in clay bowls on the floor. Cockatiels peel the kernels, so feeders are unsuitable. People like to bathe in large bowls of water.
The basic forage is made up of a diverse mix of seeds. The large parakeet mixes available on the market usually contain too many sunflower seeds. Therefore, it makes sense to mix in two thirds of a budgie feed mixture. Millet and panicle millets are a particularly suitable addition to the natural feed intake. Vegetables, fruits and fresh herbs are an important part of the diet, as is sprouted food. Leafy branches of non-toxic trees are useful for keeping the birds busy and as a source of vitamins and minerals.
The animals always orient their daily routine to the other members of the swarm. They eat, sleep and groom together at the same time. The mirrors often offered in pet shops simulate a non-existent social partner. They are to be rejected as contrary to animal welfare.
Cockatiels show a very interesting courtship behavior. The roosters woo their chosen hen with song. They strut around them with their wings slightly turned away. The singing is individual and changes. The roosters not only practice new chants, but also combine them with fixed sequences of movements. For example, they stretch their wings to a certain sequence of notes. However, nest boxes may only be made available if there is an official breeding permit.
The gnawing on various furnishings such as wallpaper, pictures and door frames arises from the natural behavior of the cockatiels. You can create a balance with natural cork and fresh branches to prevent such nibble attacks.
When the heated air is dry and in summer, cockatiels like to bathe and shower. Some animals use the water bowl for this, others prefer to be showered with a flower sprayer. In doing so, they raise their plumage and stretch their wings away from their bodies.
The lovebirds (Agapornis) are a genus of small African parrots that belong to the real parrots (Psittacidae) and to the subfamily of the noble parrots (Psittaculinae). Their name comes from their very strong bond that usually lasts a lifetime. Their extreme behavior as a couple (cuddling, grooming, etc.) has also earned them the name "love birds" (especially common in English-speaking countries, "lovebirds", as well as in the scientific name Agapornis, from Greek: agape = love and ornis = bird).
Lovebirds are found wild in tropical Africa. Together with the long-winged parrots and the Vasa parrots that are endemic to Madagascar, they are among the typical representatives of the Afrotropic Islands. However, they are largely absent in the dry areas of the Sahel and the Kalahari as well as in most of the Republic of South Africa. One species, the gray-headed (A. canus), is endemic to Madagascar.
The birds are between 13 and 18 cm long and weigh about 50 g. The plumage is predominantly green or yellow-green. In all species except the green-headed (A. swinderianus) the head and often the chest are strikingly colored. This coloring gives most of the species their name. The green head has a black neck ring for this. In some species the upper tail-coverts and rump are blue. Some of the species (soot, strawberry, peach, and black-headed) have a showy white eye ring. There are hardly any gender-specific differences in these species (as is the case with rose and green heads), with the other species it is possible to determine sex visually.
* Gray-headed (A. canus)
* Orange-headed (A. pullarius)
* Taranta parrot or mountain parrot (A. taranta). Not to be confused with the kea, which is also known as the mountain parrot.
* Green-headed (A. swindestianus)
* Rose-head (A. roseicollis)
* Peach heads (A. fischeri)
* Black-headed (A. personatus)
* Strawberry heads (A. lilianae)
* Soot (A. nigrigenis)
Canaries (Serinus canaria forma domestica) are among the most popular feathered pets, alongside budgies. The wild archetype of the songbird, the Canary Girlitz, which takes its name from its homeland, the Canary Islands, was brought to Europe by the Spaniards at the end of the 15th century and kept there in cages. Because of their singing, their cheerfulness and their yellow plumage, they soon became popular pets there and were considered a symbol of luxury and cosmopolitanism.
The beautiful yellow plumage and their singing soon brought them the name "singer in yellow plumage", with mostly only the males singing.
Attitude and care
The wild form of canaries live in shoals on the Canary Islands outside of the breeding season. For this reason, it is imperative that at least two canaries are kept together in the cage. Canaries kept alone usually quickly die of loneliness. It doesn't matter whether two males or a male and a female are kept together.
The cage should be as big as possible. It is particularly important to ensure that it is long enough for the canaries to flap their wings a few times in the cage. Round cages are unsuitable because they do not offer enough space. The cage must be thoroughly cleaned once a week with a mild detergent and plenty of water.
The cage shouldn't be too cluttered with bars. The minimum distance between the bars should be 30-40cm. Plastic bars are completely unsuitable. Poles made from natural materials such as willow and eastern tree branches with bark are better. Ideally, the rods have different diameters so that the birds can train their joints. Poles made from natural materials must be replaced at least once a month, as mites settle on them and could infect the birds.
Canaries need sand or grit in order to be able to chop their food in the stomach. This can be offered to them either as bedding or in bowls. Canaries also need a way to bathe every day. The best way to get a bird bath is with a water bowl in a cage. Of course, the water must be changed regularly.
In order for the bird to stay healthy and its muscles not atrophy, it should regularly have the opportunity to do its laps in the room. It goes without saying that windows and doors should be closed beforehand.
Diet of canaries
In addition to the commercially available feed mixes, canaries should be fed once a week with animal protein in the form of boiled egg white, quark or yoghurt.In order to ensure an adequate supply of vitamins, it is also important to regularly give the bird fruit such as apples, bananas or oranges and vegetables such as peppers or lettuce. The fruit and vegetables must be washed thoroughly beforehand. The need for vitamins and minerals is particularly high during the breeding season and during the moult. The diet should therefore be adjusted accordingly.
A canary takes in 10-20% of its body weight in water every day. A sufficient supply of fresh water every day is therefore essential. Still mineral water or tap water are best suited for this. Boiled or distilled water is unsuitable. Every now and then you should add a few drops of the commercially available drinking additives to the water.
The parrots are zoologically assigned to the order of Psittaciformes (parrot birds). About 350 species and 850 subspecies belong to this order. This order includes budgerigars, monk parakeets, African gray parrots and many other well-known birds that are kept as pets in this country.
All of these birds have the well-known parrot's beak in common, which is used for nibbling, cracking, holding, slicing, absorbing nectar and many other tasks. Another thing all parrot birds have in common is a climbing foot with two toes set forward and two toes set back, and the parrot's beak. This foot will. also used to guide food to the beak. Other bird groups only do this in exceptional cases.
Parrots have a predominantly vegetarian diet on fruits, seeds, flowers, leaves, bark and roots. Depending on the species, there are also different proportions of animal food such as insects and insect larvae. Almost all parrot species breed in caves, especially in tree hollows, burrows in the ground but also in termite burrows.
Attitude and care
Outside the breeding season, the parrots live in large flocks. Therefore, parrots should also be kept in captivity, at least as a pair or, even better, in groups. This is the only way to keep them species-appropriate. Humans can never be a substitute for conspecifics and a parrot that is kept individually often reacts with behavioral disorders such as feather plucking and constant screaming.
In addition, a parrot needs enough space. Large aviaries are best suited for this. Alternatively, the parrot must be able to fly freely in the room every day.
In addition, there must be sufficient fresh drinking water and bathing facilities in the cage or aviary. The water must be changed daily. As an alternative to the bird bath, the parrots can also be showered with a flower sprayer.
In addition, parrots need a lot of activity. Pine cones and fresh twigs and branches that birds can gnaw, as well as chains and ropes to exercise around on, are ideal toys. Feeding can also be combined with employment. Bananas in their skins, whole ears of corn, etc., are good both for food and for occupation.
Parrots should be fed varied and balanced. However, since many finished feeds are too high in fat and low in minerals, they must be enriched with fruit, vegetables, etc. Ready-made pigeon feed is a good basis for parrot feeding. But since this is usually too dry, it should be soaked in water.
In addition, a vitamin and mineral preparation from a specialist retailer or a veterinarian should be administered regularly over the fruit offered. In addition, the parrot should regularly receive an unsweetened fruit juice drink, which provides it with additional minerals and vitamins.
If parrots are kept appropriately, they get very old. Many of the large species of parrots such as macaws, cockatoos, amazons, and gray parrots can live to be 50 years or older. There are even reports of animals that are over 100 years old.
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