How do the Germans feel about India?

Development through migration

Uwe Hunger

To person

Dr. phil., born 1970; Scientific assistant at the Westphalian Wilhelms University Münster, Institute for Political Science, Schlossplatz7, 48151 Münster.
Email: [email protected]

Migration relationships with countries like India will in future be more important for Germany than for these countries themselves. These are four theses on the role of German development aid in India.


This essay deals with the development of India from brain drain (emigration of highly qualified people) to brain gain (immigration of highly qualified people). [1] The aim is to bring to the fore an aspect that has received little attention so far, but plays an important role in the Indian development process and which is very informative with regard to the development and immigration policy conclusions of this globally significant development in India: the contribution of the Germans Development aid policy for India. He played a not unimportant role in laying the foundation stone for this successful development.

One focus of German development cooperation with India was the financing of educational institutions, in particular the support of one of the most powerful institutions of higher education, the Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai (IIT Chennai), formerly Madras. [2] This institute is now one of the most recognized institutions of its kind in the world and can be described as India's answer to the American Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge. At the IIT Chennai, a large number of graduates are trained in technical professions that are in demand around the world. This has recently become known in Germany too, as the introduction of the German "Green Card" means that foreign computer specialists, especially from India, are being recruited for the German labor market. [3]

As a result of the good training work in Chennai and similar training institutions in India, the country now has the second largest English-speaking technical staff after the USA. German development aid policy for India played an important role in this process. If you take a closer look at India's development process, however, the German development aid funds for the IIT Chennai had to go a long way before the hoped-for effect for India could actually be achieved. The graduates of the IIT Chennai, like many other graduates of the other elite universities in the country, did not stay in India and helped with the development of the country, but instead emigrated by the hundreds of thousands (!), Mainly to the USA. That is why the first of four - somewhat exaggerated - theses should be formulated here: The US has primarily benefited from German development aid for India.