Deadly is a stray dog scratching nails
The Practice logy-Book for the website
The Theory of practice for young managers
A proven guide for success
Otto Buchegger, Tübingen
3rd edition 2009
The The first book edition appeared in 2000 under the title “But why has
Nobody told me that before ?! ”In the meantime there are some chapters
dropped out, new ones have been added, almost all of them have been revised and updated
been. Originally this was a script for engineering
Students, in its current form it is universal enough for everyone
other interested readers who have a career and
maybe want to become a leader.
ThePractice logy is ideal as a gift for the curious and
educated people of all ages and all disciplines. With
This book edition can now be viewed again without a computer
get inspired by the many thoughts presented.
No guarantee can be given for the advice and information
become. Liability of the author for personal injury, property damage and financial loss
is therefore excluded.
Bibliographic information for Germans
The German National Library records this
Publication in the German National Bibliography;
detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet
Available at http://dnb.d-nb.de
Cover design and graphics: Otto Buchegger
© 2009 Otto Buchegger, Tübingen, www.praxilogie.de
Production and publishing:
Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt
ISBN - 9783837070422
You can only be successful if you can master your daily life well. Theser
Thought motivated me to focus on proven management principles
To transfer everyday life and also to private life.
The Readers I would like to address are those
who like to work more effectively and be happy and successful at the same time
want. The are willing to learn and apply what they have learned.
Young people in particular will appreciate the knowledge presented
knowledge. In their training they often have little about practical skills
Management methods heard, but knowledge about it will
be decisive for their professional and personal success.
All the methods presented have been tried and tested. My guidelines
were: Practical - Simple - Human. Was on fashion gags
largely omitted. However, there is no warranty or guarantee for
accepted the suggestions. They are to be understood as tips that one can
can, but does not have to.
The term PRAXILOGIE for the theory of practice or also the
Science of Practice has only been used by me since 1997. The
Much of the content of this book is also available free of charge on the Internet.
With this printed edition, I am fulfilling the wish of many
Lots of clever people have been with me Practice logy helped!
Thank you very much!
Otto Buchegger, Tübingen
Correct action is the result of correct knowledge!
theory and practice
My long academic training (I only started my professional life when I was 29
joined) and the titles thus acquired (Dipl.-Ing. der
Communications engineering, doctor of technical sciences) got me
often brought in the appearance of alienation from life. That's how i felt
then often challenged to tackle and tackle practical problems
I got the impression that there was a Practice logy, one
Theory of practice, there. One could, for example, Murphy's laws
("Everything that can go wrong goes wrong") counts. Later got
I learned that knowledge in dealing with complex problems
are actually generally applicable.
But not only the theoretical knowledge of the psychology of complexity,
but also a lot of wisdom, from the Bible to
Oracle books (e.g. I Ching), from proverbs, aphorisms to
Calendar sayings contain useful instructions in the fight against
Above all, the knowledge of the people has an important part in the
Solution. That's why I mainly focus on the human component of the
Management left a lot of space.
One would assume that psychology already has many answers ready
Has. But I cannot generally confirm that. The Psychologists and
medical professionals, like most other scientists, do know
infinitely much in detail about people, but I missed them
the big overview and a knowledge of connections. On the other hand
I was able to learn a lot from the people, their success or their
Survival even depends directly on the knowledge of people.
Nothing is more practical than correct theory.
In practice, the side effects are often more important than that
The Practice primarily sees the results, less the intention,
the goal or the mission.
Topics of the Practice logy
In addition to Practical - Simple - Human, the following guidelines were included
the choice of content is considered:
• From the abstract to the concrete, from the general to the
• Many topics and these more overarching than one topic in-depth.
• Everything presented is very simplified.
• The human aspects are in the foreground.
• Much is (m) a personal opinion.
• Provide examples and questions to reflect on what has been read
• Many topics came as suggestions from my readers
The Statements of the Practice logy appear very trivial, but contain a lot
Wisdom. It will be difficult to understand the solutions offered
if you don't know the problem. Only when you already have the problem
Once you have had it yourself, the solutions are given the right value.
It will be especially for young readers with little experience
it can be difficult to accept the knowledge offered by a stranger.
TheIt is also sensible that way, as there are many signposts in
to lead astray. Therefore I would like to emphasize here that no ideological
or religious references are particularly important when writing them down
What was important, however, was what works in our western environment,
and what with some likelihood in the life of academics
ThePractice logy differs from many other books on the
Topic management, among other things, by not describing how the
The world should actually be, but primarily reflects my personal one
Opinion on how the world really is and how it works. you
has found a continuation in "Globismus" (www.globismus.de).
The term life management is the translation of “LIFE
MANAGEMENT". Thethis term is rarely used here, man
rather speaks of self-management.
Why is this an interesting topic? In my lectures on project management
I have found that the management methods,
which you can use for yourself personally, got the greatest interest.
The Application to your own personal life promises
but the greatest benefit.
Many people put more effort into planning one
Vacation than in planning her whole life.
Germany has a long tradition in this field. The knowloedge
of life management was often considered secret, i.e. esoteric
Knowledge treated. It was passed on in circles, lodges and schools
and one was an initiate if one had it. Nearly
I have the impression that even today life management--
Techniques belong to the secret techniques. There is indeed in the
In the meantime, courses above this, but at prices that are not all
can afford. But to compensate for this, there is very good literature.
The Passing on knowledge from person to person works
bad. Even in companies that attach great importance to further training,
the experience of individuals in this field is hardly reminiscent of the
Passed on to colleagues. The There are many reasons
One of the main reasons is for sure that you have a personal competitive advantage
does not like to give up, but so does the conflict
intergenerational plays a role.
Old, experienced people in particular would be a good source of information.
But they often want to keep their knowledge so that they can benefit from the younger ones
are not left behind and the boys often accept what is offered
Nor do the ancients know because they no longer feel it is current.
For others, the topic may be too trivial to talk about
would have to talk. But the fact is that young professionals in particular do little too
experience the topic. I have been following the trends of the
Pursued life management. About time management and financial management
one seems meanwhile back to the basic objectives
to return, namely the search for the personal
The only person ...
... who has been with me all my life,
... who has the greatest responsibility for me,
... who always takes care of me,
... who means well to me,
... who should really know me
... that I have to rely on
Life management is the prerequisite for any other management task
and for a successful and satisfying life. Because
only those who can control themselves can also do so for others. Who messy
dealing with himself creates chaos everywhere else.
It remains a manager who cannot organize himself
not for too long, either because it won't be successful or because
they deplete their own resources and for health
Reasons then have to give up.
But not only managers have to be able to manage themselves.
Everyone who is working has to do it and also become a non-working person
take advantage of life management methods. The ideal
The target group for learning life management methods are young people,
academic career starters and students in higher semesters.
For a lifetime they can take advantage of what is acquired
Draw knowledge. Some of the things in this book will be negative. Lots of warnings
may put off readers who are not used to this style.
But better warned in advance than regretted afterwards!
... am just myself!
Those who have no experience have made too few mistakes to see
that a methodology can bring benefits. So becomes someone who already
has made a lot of mistakes in one area, be more willing to learn,
how to avoid mistakes. Many people only develop with them
Help a coach's willingness to change and move on
What you don't learn in school
I went to school for a long time, but I have a lot there
important things not learned. Even a good academic education
leaves a lot open, which usually only occurs in professional life
The greatest deficiency is knowing about yourself: who you are
actually, what makes you happy is where you build your future
becomes. There is a lack of knowledge of one's own flaws and strengths, what one
actually want yourself and to what extent you only want and
Projections from others, for example parents, fulfilled.
The choice of partner also falls during the time of young adulthood. And
we painfully notice our lack of training in sexual matters.
Our training leaves us in the dark about this, too.
And how do I make friends? Which friends should I choose?
Where can I find this?
At a young age you are more likely to be healthy than later. Here is the
Main question: How do I maintain my health, how do I not add to it
Harm to? Many of the habits of youth will make you (the
According to the character of the book, I have the informal address
chosen) for a lifetime. And a lot of decisions that
being felled at a young age are vital.
Actually, it is already determined in the years between 20 and 30
what death you are likely to die. The Inherited assets
by parents, the choice of diet and hobbies that
Choice of profession and place of residence will be decisive, like you
will end your life too.
TheIt's typical of any type of management that decisions are great
have long-range effects. What is decided today can be under
May not be payable for 20 years. 'Cause everything we do
Almost every young person has a lot of catching up to do in terms of communication skills.
This includes knowledge of body language, experience
in acting, knowledge of human nature.
Specifically, the experience that can be had while acting are
priceless for everyday work. Because who knows, for example, like him
works or what effects it can achieve will depend on how you deal with it
do it much easier with fellow human beings.
Legible handwriting and the
Ability to read quickly and a lot. It is not in everyday working life
unusual for a book of 500 pages or an extensive internet presence
has to be worked through superficially in one day
and for that you have to be able to read really quickly.
Typing also needs to be practiced at a young age. Almost every academic
Profession requires the writing of any texts by means of
Computers and those who can type faster have undeniable advantages.
The safe use of a PC, as well as the Internet, will
taken for granted anyway.
Since successful people will also travel often, language skills are knowledge
necessary about foreign cultures and foreign countries. Also one
some practice on how to travel effectively and safely. Driver's license and
Safe driving skills are required everywhere.
Managers often live alone. Basic knowledge of how to be yourself
Can run the household or, for example, be abroad
Being able to cook favorite foods yourself are great for your own good
It's frustrating to read too much of what there is left to do.
Therefore, I want to state the procedure at this point, how
one can successfully fight against this frustration.
I write every educational gap that I would like to close as TODO
(i.e. to do) in my schedule book. A word, a sentence is on
The beginning is enough to start the thought process, which then ultimately
will close this gap. However, that's not all
done. Much is only achieved through constant practice and constant improvement
to routine. Only then does the knowledge or ability belong
me! But if you are not ready to take this first step, writing it down
do, he can put this guide aside again right away.
At the end of the day, professional experience becomes the key knowledge
bring, but some things can be prepared and this is what this book is about
help. Always provided that good manners are part of it
also accepted eating habits to support you on the way up
become. The Importance of good behavior, empathy
and respect for fellow human beings, today often also social people
I will often emphasize competence in the following.
I already want to answer the magic words "THANK YOU, PLEASE,
GOOD DAY, PLEASE EXCUSE, FORGIVENESS “.
Their absence has many careers and many personal relationships
to eat and drink
TheThis chapter, of course, cannot provide a solid education in good
Substitute behavior, eating habits training, or even a cooking class.
But I will at least give some suggestions on the field
of eating and drinking.
Knowledge in this field is absolutely necessary to alongside the
To maintain health, above all, the joy of life. For executives
in addition, they often have to eat on official occasions
and always be observed critically. Take it
always - whether they want it or not - to set an example. Bad
Morals can quickly destroy any career, or at least that one
Occasionally you will - usually with a partner - also over dinner
tested. If you can, you quickly visit the again beforehand
Locality. You will be amazed if you already know your way around.
But, as we'll see with future trends, too, is the food
itself an important trend indicator. Continuing education in this sector is
So there is always professional training, even if the tax office does
does not look like that. Successful companies mean good ones
Food recognized and therefore often offer their own services, e.g. a
You don't learn to eat and drink when you are young. The Culture of youth
does not value it at all and well-intentioned attempts by the
Parents; to train young people for this; are normally to
Doomed to failure. Just the example of the parents, their own zest for life
thus, can have a motivating effect for the young people.
As in the sex sector, adults have to have theirs
Take the training into your own hands. There are two factors involved
• The cooking
• Eating in groups
Good food and good cooking go hand in hand. Only through your own
Cooking is understood to be good food and only becomes possible through good food
to perfect his cooking skills. So I can all mine
Readers, men as well as women, just encourage yourself
to keep busy with cooking.
The nice thing about cooking is that you can use your own creativity and art
can also enjoy it yourself! There are few other arts, at
where this is the case! Cooking helps to make good social contacts
and can help in old age to provide for themselves for a long time. Although good
Cooking is often quite expensive, but you can have the knowledge in it too
to use it to save and still feel right and healthy
Another aspect of one's own cooking skills is that one is not like that
other people, be they parents, spouses or institutions
such as canteens or restaurants. You win with it
a great deal of freedom to shape good survival!
I put this section on food at the beginning because he
is a typical example of many youth educational gaps. Who himself
Many people can take care of further training here at an early stage
Save problems in life!
It is very likely that a young person still has a lot to learn
has what he urgently needs. Driving is part of it, everyone should
Can swim and ride a bike, know about sports, maybe
can also play a musical instrument. Good computer skills
are assumed everywhere and are also often present. With the
Foreign languages are not looking so good.
So there is still a lot to learn and tackle, and we are in the process of doing it
the Practice logy help!
Good luck with it and, above all, have fun!
Some theory will be useful in the later chapters. The hit
Selection brings those basics that are generally applicable.
Particularly for young people, a lot of importance is attached to questions about the future
and placed on the management of change.
The management circle describes a model for the various sections
almost every activity, project or process, or even
any improvement. There are three fundamentally different sections
distinguish. Before the actual execution, there is the planning
Phase, also called thinking ahead or proactive phase. The
The execution phase or the active phase is always the focus. your
is therefore given the greatest attention.
After it comes the processing phase or post-active phase. In
it is checked whether the result is achieved and it is considered
what could have been improved. Also consider how to do that
can use the result achieved in a new and different way (reusability),
are appropriate here. Usually that circle closes and how
a spiral becomes, after making the necessary changes,
started all over again.
Young people often have big problems, more than the active phase too
register and thereby make serious misjudgments
for the necessary effort. But who's only ever hungry in
the cafeteria has breastfed does not see that they are first getting food
shopping, then preparing the dish, then back to the kitchen
need to clean up and dispose of the garbage to just some pro- and
to name post-active phases.
They are taken over from the Japanese quality management
Phases also called PLAN, DO, CHECK, and ACT for the new beginning.
The circle is then divided into four and is called in this form
Deming circle, named after the pioneer of quality management. Ever
Depending on the type of task, the phases will be of different duration and also
Have importance. It is unlikely, however, that a single
Phase fails completely.
For the private sector, the extension of the proactive phase is great
essential. Here it is decided what the goals and content are and
which path to take to reach them.
But emphasizing the post-active phase can also have very good effects
achieve. Much order and experience can be gained
if active phases are immediately concluded with a post-active phase
For example, after the party (active phase), it is tidied up immediately
(post-active phase). Due to the rapid establishment of the initial state
no work is postponed and there is less that
Risk of overload in the future.
A management model
In this picture, a turbine that is powered by the water is the
comes from a container to illustrate the management tasks
elected. Using this model, some terms are explained,
that are important for management. As is the case with every model
this can only be used to a limited extent and above all for production aspects
PRODUCTION POTENTIAL is necessary to do anything at all
to be able to produce. This normally includes capital and knowledge
and ability, but also e.g. contacts and motivation.
The PRODUCTION is the activity that produces those results
are desired, as in the example, the generation of electricity.
EFFICIENCY means that there are no or few losses, for example
no waste, no waste. Efficient and productive
one is e.g. by (some food for thought)
• Simplify, generalize
• Recycle, build up
• Networking, openness
• No waste, no breaks, no losses
• Know and love the product, the organization etc.
• Secure, protect, educate, keep healthy
• The See and use opportunities
• Start early, no interruptions
• Continuous and non-hectic work
• No overload
• Joy, fun, fairness, success, recognition
• Solutions to real problems and for many people affected
• Quick decisions
• No disruptions, wrong turns, mistakes, ideologies
• No legal disputes
• No internal disputes, quick escalation decisions
• No espionage and no betrayal
• No lengthy staff debates
• Constant renewal and adaptation to changes
• Provide inheritance and succession
In summary, the tasks are: With a view to the future - im
close contact with customers and employees - build up production potential
and convert it efficiently into production.
Looking into the future is important because this is the only way to ensure it
that I am prepared for change. The close contact with
Customers is essential, because that's the only way I know what my customers are
need. And since almost every work is done by several people
close contact with employees is just as vital.
For short periods of time it is possible to use one of the three aspects of production potential,
Neglecting production or efficiency without being equal
to perish. Unfortunately, this leads to production potential in particular
to the fact that it is neglected and then causes irreparable damage.
Many companies, but also people, live “by hand in the
Mouth ”and care too little about their ability to achieve something
Without production, nothing will work very quickly, which is why this also applies
her main focus. Since only it brings in money in the short term, will
likes to neglect the other aspects. But without investing in that
Potential, i.e. the ability to do something and in efficiency, i.e. in
Improvements, success won't last long.
These is especially important for life management. The right one
Choice of further development of production potential and efficiency
How long a person will successfully do something will be decisive
Can "produce", e.g. earn money.
It is important to find a balance in which all aspects are appropriate
must be taken into account. The Emphasis on just one
Part of it will lead to failure, at least in the long term.
Resources are meant here in a very general way. They are the classic ones
Resources and goods, but also skills. They are often called resource managers
also carers, they care about something
One of the most essential aspects of a resource is that it is as such
is identified. Only when it is clear that they are important or scarce
Is good, a carer will find himself. The Air, for example, becomes so long
not considered an important good as long as there are enough of them and
the quality of the air is good. Only with air pollution does it become
a resource to take care of. In fact, all of them have
Large cities departments that have to carry out this task.
If there are not enough resources, then the most important one becomes
Be the task of creating them. If there is already enough, then will
maintaining a resource will be the most important task. Is too much
of a resource there, then it will be necessary to provide the abundance
his care costs money to sell again.
A resource whose maintenance - relative to its value - is low
Representing effort is money. So it is almost always worth it to add surplus
Turning Resources into Money.
There should be as much as needed at all times, but not too much
Resources are available. Because too much, that also means too much
maintenance effort, so as little as possible is worth striving for
Aim. For security reasons or for convenience, you will
Create important or vital resources twice so that im
In the event of a crisis, survival can still take place.
Resources that are not preserved are lost to the owner.
But skills or rights can also be lost if yours
Exercise is not done regularly. The Americans have
for the sex life of aging people therefore the meaningful saying: Use
it - or loose it!
A loss is always probable and then even makes sense,
when the maintenance effort becomes greater than the usefulness of the resource.
For example, contact with fellow human beings (this is also
an important resource) if it becomes a burden.
The Regular maintenance of a resource requires discipline. The
The pianist, for example, will regularly play his studies in order to practice
stay. The painter will exercise his skills regularly
and improve. The Resource of artistic creativity remains
only obtained if it is constantly trained with discipline.
It is interesting for success to develop those skills
which are already best developed. Theto improve these resources,
which are already very good. These products to advertise the best
to run. TheThis type of resource management selection is not intuitive
to see. Their justification lies in the competitive advantage of
Top performance and top positions.
Often it is not at all clear in the continuum of a development that to
many resources are available. It is very helpful then with
Ceilings to ensure that resources are not unlimited
are accumulated. A small department, for example, is constantly growing. Around
Curb uncontrolled growth, it is determined that the
Department may not have more than 15 people. These head count leaves
open what people will work in this department, them
only restricts the number and thus reduces the problems that arise with
large departments would arise.
Those who take care of a resource should like it too, maybe even
love so that they really care for the good of the resource entrusted to them
enter fully. Occasionally you need abstract resources
give meaning so that everyone understands what they would miss,
when you no longer have it. This also includes finding ways
make abstract resources visible and present them in such a way that
its importance is recognized. You only protect what you value and
you only value what you know.
A group that is on their own becomes one very quickly
Leader, in this case he is called the informal leader. In
Many experiments have discovered that a group is always that
Selects the people who will bring her the most benefit.
It can be useful that the group is led in the most secure manner,
that the group is best represented externally by the manager
becomes that the manager performs the best, the best
Has expertise. But also that the manager has the most opinions
takes the view that it can express what all or at least the
most think and that it can prevail. The place for leadership
is therefore always in the middle and not extreme.
If the situation changes, the requirements also change
executive. That is, a leader who works in different
To exist, positions must have a large repertoire of skills
to have. There are many types of leadership. In the economy, in the
In politics, in science, a different profile will be required everywhere.
In addition to the professional competence of a manager, there is above all social competence
Competence is important. The right way to deal with people, especially with
People in difficult situations and with difficult people is
inevitable. For example, a manager has to calm down disputes
can recognize when disputes exist and occasionally
being able to overlook something.
Dealing with problems with and between people needs to be learned
and be practiced. That is why everyone should in the course of their training
Look for “playgrounds” where social skills can be developed without major damage
can be developed. All groups in which are suitable for this
People come together, from the club, the class, the family, up to
to political or religious organization.
The We have basic social skills in the family, in kindergarten
and learned at school. Actually, we shouldn't
stop educating ourselves in social skills. In professional life
the tuition for this is often too expensive, so it is recommended afterwards
uncritical, other training places. In these environments
mistakes are more easily forgiven and we dare to
to gain more learning experience. This also includes adapting to
different environments, also different people. The Language becomes
must be different depending on the audience, the manager of
be accepted and understood by different people.
Should an official manager be appointed for a group, so
it is wise to use an informal guide. So that's it
a major hurdle for the manager's success, namely recognition
of employees to win, taken.
However, this will not always be possible, especially if the
Leader not the group interests, but e.g. the interests
the shareholders should represent, for example when notices are made
or even plant closings have to be made.
Leadership also takes over who is able to ask the right questions
put. To ask the crucial question at the right moment is
Not always easy, but a tried and tested means to lead the way
Hand to take.
The The main questions are:
• WHAT is done, should be done (by when, where should
• HOW should it be done (who should do it, with which
• And the hardest question is always WHY? So that should
to handle carefully.
• For all questions, it is wise to go for a quantification or
Looking for measurability, and then the question always arises:
Anyone who asks may occasionally make himself unpopular, but he shows
thereby interest and the ability to think along. Who the right
Asks questions, demonstrates that he or she understands the problem!
Management by ...
As for any other important and complex task, to solve it
the Practice logy serves, everyone will be happy to help when it comes to management issues
available knowledge is used to solve existing problems.
In fashion waves, one topic always comes to the fore
pushed, which many authors like to pounce on because
these books sell well.
There is hardly any knowledge of psychology, economics,
the art of war, politics, but also many others
Sciences that would not be relevant to management issues.
And so the respective fashion waves with Management by ...
dismissed. But there are two main concepts for western companies
gained great importance and have remained important over the ages.
These are the management with target agreements (Management by
Objectives) and the related agreement of exceptional conditions
(Management by Exception), where the
higher-level body must be informed.
Management by Objectives aims to ensure that subordinate
Functions Have freedom in achieving their goals. It will only
the goal, the desired result, is agreed and it is established at
which deviations from the plan or the goal are informed
got to. This means that motivation and responsibility stay where they are
belongs, namely with the implementing body. Nevertheless it remains
for the success or failure decisive information to the higher
In many companies, management is responsible for personal contact
by wandering around
proven. The manager goes through everything - e.g. in the morning
Room and greets the staff. Theyou have without one
formal procedure the chance of any questions or complaints
get rid of and the manager sees face to face,
how people are doing.
Performance and working atmosphere
One of the first experiences any manager has is that
Expertise alone is not enough to be successful. In addition to professional competence
Above all, social skills are necessary. Everywhere they have
To do with people, it is human, as the saying goes. In the private sector
the human component is even more important. What use
about the knowledge of the mother when the children do not like to be with her
Work environments where management embraces humanity and
Questions of fact and content are equally highly emphasized and are characterized by
very good working atmosphere and high performance.
However, the motivation to perform can be very different
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