How did Mandriva Linux distribute Linux

What is a Linux distribution and how do they differ from each other?

If you've heard of Linux at all, you've probably heard of Linux distributions, often abbreviated as "Linux distributions". If you decide to use Linux on a desktop computer or server, the first thing you need to do is choose a distribution.

For many people, Ubuntu has become synonymous with Linux. But Ubuntu is one of many distros, and you have a lot of choices when it comes to Linux.

What is a Linux distribution anyway?

Linux is not like Windows or Mac OS X. Microsoft combines all of the Windows components internally to create each new version of Windows and distributes them as a single package. If you want Windows, you have to choose one of the versions offered by Microsoft.

Linux works differently. The Linux operating system is not manufactured by a single organization. Different organizations and people are working on different parts. There's the Linux kernel (the core of the operating system), the GNU Shell utilities (the terminal interface and many of the commands you use), the X server (which creates a graphical desktop), and the desktop environment (which runs on the X server to provide a graphical desktop) and much more. System services, graphics programs, terminal commands - many are developed independently of one another. It is open source software that is distributed in the form of source code.

If you wanted, you could grab the source code for the Linux kernel, GNU shell utilities, Xorg X servers, and whatever other programs you put together on a Linux system. However, it would take a long time to compile the software - not to mention the work involved in making all the different programs work together properly.

Linux distributions do the hard work for you, take all the code from the open source projects and compile it for you. Combine it into a single operating system that you can boot and install. They also make decisions for you, such as: B. the selection of the standard desktop environment, the browser and other software. Most distributions bring their own finishing touches, such as themes and custom software - for example the Unity desktop environment that Ubuntu provides.

If you want to install or update new software for new software versions with important security updates, your Linux distribution provides these in precompiled, packed form. These packages are quick and easy to install, and save you the hard work yourself.

How do the distros differ?

There are several different Linux distributions. Many have different philosophies - some, like Fedora, decline to include closed-source software, while others, like Mint, include closed-source software to make it easier for users. They contain different standard software - such as Ubuntu Unity, Ubuntu derivatives, other desktop environments, Fedora GNOME Shell and Mint Cinnamon or MATE.

Many also use various package managers, configuration utilities, and other software. Some distributions are up to date and not supported for a very long time. Others, like Ubuntu LTS or Red Hat Enterprise Linux, are designed as stable distributions that are supported with security updates and bug fixes for many years.

Some Linux distributions are intended for desktop computers, some for servers without a graphical user interface, and others for special purposes, such as: B. for home theater PCs.

Some are designed to work out of the box - like Ubuntu - while others require a little more customization, such as: B. Arch Linux.

Which distribution should I choose?

Different Linux distributions are suitable for different purposes. Which Linux distribution to choose depends on what you are doing with it and your personal preferences.

If you're a desktop user, you probably want something as simple as Ubuntu or Mint. Some people prefer Fedora, openSUSE, or Mageia (based on Mandriva Linux).

People looking for a more stable, well-tested system should use Debian, CentOS (a free version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux), or even Ubuntu LTS.

There is no right distribution for everyone, although everyone has a favorite. Linux distributions offer a choice that can be messy but also very useful. Anyone can create their own distribution by building it themselves from the source code, or even adopting and modifying an existing distribution - that's why there are so many Linux distributions.