What are the characteristics of commercial farming

What is the difference between organic farming and conventional farming?

What is the difference between organic and conventional agriculture? A brief overview of the two different cultivation methods.

Organic farming: what does it mean?

Farmers who practice organic cultivation treat their soil, plants and animals differently in many ways than their colleagues in conventional cultivation. According to the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), they follow the "ethical principles of health, ecology, justice and care". Organic farming is geared towards sustainability and maintaining soil fertility.

Features of organic farming:

  • Strives for a closed operational Nutrient cycle at. That means: organic farmers only keep as much cattle as they can feed with the straw and other products of their land. So you prefer Farm's own feed. And they spread the manure from their cattle as fertilizer in the fields.
  • Build robust varieties in a suitable crop rotation so as not to leach out the soil. Catch crops, Permanent greening and undersown crops are common. For example, legumes such as alfalfa or peas, which fix the important nutrient nitrogen, are grown parallel to the main sowing as undersown crops.
  • Does not set any easily soluble mineral or chemical-synthetic fertilizer a. Instead, natural remedies with organically bound nitrogen come in the form of Manure, compost, manure or nitrogen-collecting plants such as legumes.
  • Maintains soil fertility through pronounced Humus economy. In addition to the supply of biodegradable fertilizers and the crop rotation, this also includes site-appropriate Lime supplyto get the pH of the soil.
  • Do not use chemical pesticides or herbicides, but rather biological pesticides such as copper, sulfur, beeswax or vegetable oils. Sometimes too mechanical methods such as chopping or flaming applied or also Beneficial insects like ladybirds and parasitic wasps, which keep aphids and codling moths in check.
  • Keeps your animals as appropriate to their species as possible. You have more Place in the stable, Employment opportunities and Outlet outdoors. Get the animals Organic feed and more time to grow. Docking the curly tail in pigs or the beak in poultry and grinding the teeth is prohibited.
  • Does not give the cattle prophylactic chemical-synthetic drugs. Instead, you use it herenatural prevention. If an animal becomes sick anyway, come primarily Natural remedies for use. Conventional medicinal products such as antibiotics may only be used in a strictly controlled manner.
  • Puts special devices such as the harrow for gentle weed control.
  • Refrained from Green genetic engineering.

Conventional agriculture

According to the Federal Environment Agency, 9.1 percent of the agricultural area in Germany was farmed according to the principles of organic farming in 2018. This area is to be expanded to 20 percent by 2030. But even then, the vast majority of agriculture still operates conventionally.

Features of conventional agriculture:

  • is an open system that likes external resources such as Fertilizers, pesticides and Concentrate feed begins. Can thus keep significantly more cattle.
  • is on Efficiency designed, i.e. as much income as possible from the given means of production such as soil and livestock.
  • plant the Arable crops usually more densely and in a simplified crop rotation.
  • often builds in Monoculture on, so specializes in one fruit.
  • is particularly important when it comes to protecting against insects, fungi and weeds chemical-synthetic agents, i.e. pesticides, herbicides and fungicides. Around 270 active ingredients are approved in Germany.
  • sometimes also sets genetically modified plants one - in the field and in animal feed.
  • usually also allows one for cattle pure stable housing.
  • allows one significantly higher and denser livestock population. In order to protect the animals in the narrow stalls from their conspecifics, docking of tails and beaks as well as grinding teeth are permitted. Cows are usually dehorned. This is also permitted in organic farms with a special permit, but not in biodynamic farms.
  • usually puts more and bigger machines because their acquisition is worthwhile for the large areas and livestock and makes work easier.
Posted4. March 2020