Are NITs better than IPU for architecture

2FA = 2-factor authentication

5G = 5th generation of the telecommunications and mobile standard

AA = Advanced Analytics (AI pre-stage)

AAAI = Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence

AAL = active assisted living (formerly: ambient assisted living)

ABM = agent-based modeling (for multi-agent systems)

ABP = Autonomous Business Process

ABS = agent-based modeling

ACD = Automatic Call Distribution

ACM = Association for Computing Machinery (USA)

ACS = Azure Container Service

ACO = Ant Colony Optimization, ant algorithms; belong to the metaheuristics for methods of combinatorial optimization, which are based on the model behavior of real ants when searching for food.

ADAS = advanced driver assistant system

ADM = automated decision making

afk = away from keyboard (gamer!)

AGI = artificial general intelligence (equals the human, often referred to as singularity)

AGV = automated guided vehicle (autonomous transport vehicle in production / logistics)

AI = Artificial Intelligence (German: AI)

AM = Agile Manufacturing

AmI = Ambient Intelligence (a framework that demands physical devices into digital environments to sense, perceive, and respond with context awareness to an external stimulus - usually triggered by a human action. Source: -knowledge-map-how-to-classify-ai-technologies-6c073b969020)

AML = anti-money laundring software

AMPQ = Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (an open standard application layer protocol for message-oriented middleware)

ANN = Artificial Neural Network (work)

AOV = average order value

API = Application Programming Interface

APT = Advanced Persistent Threat (years of cyber attacks on strategic targets)

ARPPU = Average Revenue Per Paying User (average revenue per paying customer)

ASIC = application-specific integrated circuit (also Custom chip) is an electronic circuit that was implemented as an integrated circuit.

ANN = Artificial Neural Network, often just NN

ARM = Advanced RISC Machines (most common microprocessor architecture)

ASI = artificial swarm intelligence

ASIC = application specific integrated circuit

ASO = App Store Optimization

ASR = Automatic Speech Recognition

ASS = autonomous software system

ATM = Adobe Type Manager / Automated Teller Machine (ATM)

ATM = asynchronous transfer mode (mediating, connection-oriented basic technology for global traffic networks and local networks, with which time-critical applications can be transmitted) - IT knowledge, info

ATP = Advanced Threat Protection

ATS = Applicant tracking system, a software application that enables the electronic handling of recruitment needs

AV = autonomous vehicle (computer on wheels)

AVAS = acoustic vehicle alerting system (compulsory in Germany from 1.7.19)

B3S = industry-specific security standards that are to be developed by KRITIS operators in accordance with Section 8 a of the BSI Act

BAT = Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent (the Chinese GAFA) BBU = battery backup unit

BBU = battery backup unit

BCI = brain-computer interface

BDA = Big Data Analytics / Big Data Auditor

BDAcP = Big Data Access Provider

BDAnP = Big Data Analytics Provider

BDAP = Big Data Application Provider

BDC = Big Data Consumer

BDCP = Big Data Collection Provider

BDFP = Big Data Framework Provider

BDIP = Bid ​​Data Infrastructure Provider

BDK = basic data protection concept

BDLM = Big data Lifecycle Management

BDP = Big Data Provider

BDPlaP = Big Data Platform Provider

BDPreP = Big Data Preparation Provider

BDProP = Big Data Processing Provider

BDRA = Big Data Reference Architecture

BDSD = Big Data Service Developer

BDSG = Federal Data Protection Act

BDSO = Big Data System Orchestrator

BDSP = Big Data Service Partner

BDVA = Big Data Value Association

BDVP = Big Data Visualization Provider

BFO = Basic Formal Ontology

BFGS = Broyden-Fletcher – Goldfarb-Shanno, is a numerical method for solving non-linear optimization problems

BGP = Border Gateway Protocol

bit = binary digit (Unit of measurement for the information content. 1 bit is the information content that is contained in a selection from two equally probable possibilities.)

BMVI = Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

BOFH = Bastard Operator From Hell (an unpopular SysAdMin)

BoT = Blockchain of Things

BPMN = Business Process Model and Notation (a workflow visualization software)

BPS = Bayesian Program Synthesis

brb = be right back (bathroom break)

BSI = Federal Office for Information Security

BSIG = BSI law

BSM = blind spot monitor (a vehicle-based sensor device that detects other vehicles located to the driver’s side and rear. Warnings can be visual, audible, vibrating, or tactile)

byte = a unit of measurement used in digital technology and computer science, which usually stands for a (binary) sequence of 8 bits.

C. = an imperative programming language that the computer scientist Dennis Ritchie developed in the early 1970s at Bell Laboratories for system programming of the Unix operating system.

C ++ = a programming language standardized by the ISO. It was developed from 1979 by Bjarne Stroustrup at AT&T as an extension of the C programming language.

C # = Englishc sharp, is a type-safe, object-oriented general-purpose programming language. The architect of the language is Anders Hejlsberg on behalf of Microsoft.

CA = Certificate Authority

CAC = customer acquisition cost = the cost that you have to spend to acquire an additional customer

CAE = computer-aided engineering

CAM = Cooperative Awareness Messages (for autonomous driving)

CAN bus = C.ontroller A.rea Network, is a serial bus system, the purpose of which is to reduce cable harnesses and thereby save costs and weight.

CapsNet = Capsule Networks (Deep Learning)

= Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

CART = Classification and Regression Tree

CATIA = C.omputer A.ided Three-dimensional I.nteractive A.pplication) is a CAD system from the French company Dassault Systèmes, which was originally developed for aircraft construction and has now established itself in various industries.

CCN = Cellular Communications Network

CCO = Chief Cyborg Officer (these are the ones with the chips in their bodies ...)

CDN = Content Delivery Network, accelerates the transmission of graphics, texts and codes

CDP = Customer Data Platform / Content Delivery Platform / Certificate in Data Processing

CDR = Corporate Digital Responsibility (based on CSR = Corporate Social Responsibility)

CE = Conformité Européenne (European conformity marking for goods)

CEN = Committee for European Norms (European standardization committee)

CERT = Computer Emergency Response Team (group of IT security experts who help solve specific security incidents)

CFD = Computer Fluid Dynamcs

CGP = Cartesian Genetic Programming

Chen notation = a graphical notation for entity relationship models. It is named after the computer scientist Peter Chen, who introduced it together with the entity relationship model in 1976 to represent data models

CI = Collective Intelligence

CIP = customer intelligence platform

CLAIRE = Confederation of Laboratories for AI Research in Europe

CLI = Common Language Infrastructure, is an international standard that specifies systems that enable language and platform-neutral application development and execution. The standard is managed by the International Organization for Standardization under the number ISO / IEC 23271 and by Ecma International under the name ECMA-335.

CLS = Common Language Specification - a set of base rules to which any language targeting the CLI should conform in order to interoperate with other CLS-compliant languages. The CLS rules define a subset of the Common Type System (CTS).

CLV = customer lifetime value (customer value over the entire term, total receipt of the customer as long as he buys)

CLWEs = Cross Lingual Word Embeddings (These CLWEs use the fact that many languages ​​have semantic similarities. They capture these similarities as a multilingual model and can thus represent words in several languages ​​in a common vector space.)

CML = Causal Machine Learning

CMP = Consent Management Platform

CMS = Content Management System (commercial see

CNN = Convolutional Neural Networks, often used for visual input data

Colocation = Server housing or server homing, collocation [from English collocate] and Co-location refers to the accommodation and network connection of a customer server in the data center of an Internet service provider (ISP). That means, in contrast to hosting, the hardware is not provided by the provider, but provided by the customer or tenant. The provider only provides infrastructural services.

COBOL = Common B.usiness Oriented L.anguage is a programming language that originated in the early days of computer development, at the end of the 1950s, and is still used today (especially in the banking sector!). The style of this programming language is based strongly on the natural language and is mainly used for programming commercial applications.

CORS = Cross-Origin Resource Sharing, a mechanism that enables web browsers or other web clients to make cross-origin requests.

CPAN = Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, is a worldwide mirrored online repository for Perl modules, applications and documentation, which was launched on October 25, 1995 based on the TeX library CTAN and which quickly became a de facto -Standard developed.

CPC = Cost per Click (click remuneration) is a common billing model in online marketing, in which the service is billed per click (page view) and not per ad insertion (impression) or per sale (sale).

CPI = cost per install, costs per installation

CPL = cost per lead (contact fee). Billing method in e-commerce (e-marketing) in which the advertising partner is usually remunerated on the basis of contact addresses (leads) obtained.

CPO = Cost per Order (total costs of the campaign: number of reactions) is a key figure for the average costs incurred during a promotion per reaction achieved, e.g. B. an order or a completed subscription.

CPS = cost per sale (income sharing for affiliate models). Revenue sharing in Internet marketing is also known as cost per sale, in which the cost of advertising is determined by the revenue generated as a result of the advertisement itself.

CPS = cyber physical system

CPU = Central Processing Unit, (main) processor of a computer

CR = change request

CRISP = Cross Registry Information Service Protocol

CRO = Conversion Rate Optimization

CSA = Cybersecurity Act

CSAI = client-side ad insertion

CSEE = Computer Science and Electrical Engineering (US degree)

CSO = Cyber ​​Security Organization, founded by German DAX corporations in 2015 against cyber attacks

CSP = cloud service provider

CSV = comma-separated value (bsd. In Microsoft Excel)

CTA = call to action

CTI = Computer Telephony Integration

CTR = Click Through Rate is the number of clicks on advertising banners or sponsor links in relation to the total impressions. If an advertisement is shown hundreds of times and clicked once, the click rate is 1%.

CTS = Common Type System - a set of data types and operations that are shared by all CTS-compliant programming languages.

CV = Computer Vision (also curriculum vitae - curriculum vitae)

CVE = Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (scaling of IT security gaps from 0 to 10)

CVR = Conversion Rate / continous variable transmission

Cyborg = cybonectic organism (half man, half machine - see Arnie in Terminator or Sly Stallone in Judge Dredd)

DAG = directed acyclic graph

DAI = distributed artificial intelligence

DAM = Digital Asset Management

DAO = Decentralized Anonymous Organization, money collecting machine plus decision-making body based on blockchain technology, see Ethereum network

DaPriM = Data Privacy Management

DARPA = US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DAO = Data Access Object

DAO = decentralized autonomous organization (fund to finance the blockchain)

DAPP = decentralized application

DAS = direct attached storage

DAU = stupid user to be assumed / daily active user

DC = domain controller

dApp = decentralized application (blockchain app)

DDoS = Distributed Denial of Service (overload of the IT infrastructure by a large number of other systems, often deliberately)

DDS = Direct Digital Synthesis

DDS = Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (can send 5G and LTE on 1 frequency band in parallel)

DECT = Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications

DENM = Decentralized Environmental Notification Messages (e.g. smart traffic lights or street lamps send signals to the car)

DIN = German Institute for Standardization e.V.

DIN SPEC = DIN Specification (a type of pre-standard, but which has a standardizing effect, e.g. DIN SPEC 27099)

DLT = Distributed Ledger Technologies (e.g. Blockchain) / Deep Learning Tracker

DMA = Digital Markets Act (EU)

DMP = Data Management Platform / Planning

DMU = digital mock-up, digital first prototype / sample

DNN = Deep Neural Network (deep learning, denotes a class of optimization methods of artificial neural networks that have numerous intermediate layers (English.

DNS = Domain Name System

DOA = death on arrival (hardware is broken or faulty when trying out for the first time)

DOE = design of experiments - The design of experiments (DOE, DOX, or experimental design) is the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the variation of information under conditions that are hypothesized to reflect the variation.

DPA = Data Processing Addendum (data processing addendum, part of the service conditions) / Data Processing Agreement

DPoS = Delegated Proof of Stake Consensus (consensus mechanism in the blockchain in which 21 block producers are involved)

DPU = Data processing unit

DQM = Data Quality Management

DR = disaster recovery

DSA = digital signature algorithm / distributed systems architecture / dynamic storage allocation (based on discrete algorithms)

DSA = Digital Service Act (EU)

GDPR = General Data Protection Regulation (uniform EU law from May 2018)

DPIA = data protection impact assessment

DSLAM = digital subsciber line access multiplexer (a switching device with which several hundred DSL connections are multiplexed from the backbone network into upstream and downstream) -

DUEN = Darknet Underground Economy

DVB = Digital Video Broadcasting (digital television)

DVT = Design Verification Testing

E2E = end-to-end (encryption)

EA = Evolutionary Algorithm (s)

EAS = electronic article surveillance

ECM = Enterprise Content Management, comprises the methods, techniques and tools for the acquisition, administration, storage, preservation and provision of content and documents to support organizational processes in the company

ECMS = ECM systems

EDAA = European Design and Automation Association

EAAS = Expert Automation and Augmentation Software

EaaS = Everything as a Service

EAM = Enterprise Architecture Management

ECSM = European Cyber ​​Security Market

EDGE = Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution, a technology for increasing the data rate in GSM cellular networks

EDSFF = Enterprise & Data Center SSD Form Factor

EDW = Enterprise Data Warehouse

EHM = engine health monitoring

eIDAS = electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market (the regulation has been in force in the EU since July 1, 2016)

EMC = electromagnetic compatibility

EN = European standard

EOL = end of life (software or hardware "has finished")

ERC = Energy Routing Center

ERP = Enterprise Resource Planning

ESB = Enterprise Service Bus, in information technology (IT) a network architecture is used that enables the integration of distributed servicesservice) in the application landscape of a company enterprise) supported

ETL process = Extraction, Transformation, Load (extraction, transformation, loading) - a process in which several data sources are combined in a target database

ETSI = European Telecommunications Standards Institute

EurAI = The European Association for Artificial Intelligence

EV = Electro Vehicle

EVM = Ethereum Virtual Machine

EVT = engineering verification testing

eWMS = electronic web map system

F2P = Free to Play, a term used in the games sector for games that can be downloaded freely (without payment)

FAAANG = Facebook, Amazon, Broadcom (AVGO), Netflix, Google

FACS = Facial Action Coding System (basis for this: facial expressions)

FBA = Fulfillment by Amazon

FCV = fuel cell vehicle

FIB = Forever Incremental Backup (permanent backup in the background)

FOSS = Free or Open Source Software

FOTA = firmware over the air, wireless firmware upload

FPGA = field-programmable gate array (an integrated circuit of digital technology in which a logic circuit can be loaded and which is considered a hardware accelerator)

FRT = Facial Recognition Technique (facial recognition software)

FTP = File Transfer Protocol (File transfer protocol) is a stateful network protocol specified in RFC 959 of 1985 for the transfer of files over IP networks.

AGV = driverless transport systems

FTTB = fiber to the building (a fiber optic connection technology) -

FTTH = fiber to the home

FTTx = fiber to anywhere

GA = genetic algorithm

GAFA = Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon

GAFAM = Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft

GAIA-X = The aim of the project is a European networked, open data infrastructure that offers companies and authorities independence from large non-European corporations. This is intended to increase the availability of data for medium-sized companies in particular, but also for all other parties involved, in order to be able to better exploit AI potential, for example.

GAN = Generative Adversarial Network. The GAN works with two opposing networks, one generator and one discriminator. The generator network creates fake data that looks exactly like the real data set. The discriminator network analyzes both fake data and real data. Each network learns from the other and gets better over time. (Source:

GANN = Generative Adversarial Neural Net

GBM = Gradient Boosting Machine

GCC = General Computer Control

CDP = Customer Data Platform

GDPR = General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation EU 2016/679)

GeoZG = Geodata Access Act

GI = Society for Informatics e.V.

GIGO = garbage in, garbage out (old IT wisdom)

GPRS = General Packet Radio Service ("General packet-oriented radio service") is the name for the packet-oriented service for data transmission in GSM networks.[

GPS = Global Positioning System

GPT = generative pretrained transformer

GPU = graphics processing unit

GQN = generative query network (a framework within which machines learn to perceive their surroundings by training only on data obtained by themselves as they move around scenes, source: rendering /)

GSM = Global System for Mobile Communication (standard for fully digital cellular networks)

GSMA = GSM Association (worldwide industrial association of GSM providers)

GUID = Global Unique Identifier

Gwy = gateway

HA cluster = High availability clusters are used to increase availability or for better reliability.

HCR = Handwritten Character Recognition or Handprint Character Recognition (English for "handwriting recognition")

HDD = Hard Disc Drive

Hadoop = a free, Java-based programming framework that supports the processing of large data sets in a distributed computing environment

HDR = High Dynamic Range (a video / TV standard)

HDTV = High Definition TV (a television picture standard)

HEVC = High Efficiency Video Coding

HLAI = human-level artificial intelligence

HPC = high performance computing

HSCSD = High Speed ​​Circuit Switched Data (fast circuit-switched data transmission) is an extension of the GSM cellular standard CSD to achieve faster data transmission.

HTL = human in the loop (bsd. With KI: important decisions should always be made by a person)

HTML = Hypertext Markup Language (English for Hypertext markup language) is a text-based markup language for structuring digital documents such as texts with hyperlinks, images and other content

HTTP = Hypertext Transfer Protocol (Hypertext transmission protocol) is a stateless protocol for the transmission of data on the application layer over a computer network.

HUD = head-up display

HV = Hybrid Vehicle

IA = Intelligent Assistant

IAIDQ = International Association for Data and Information Quality

IANA = Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

IBC = Inter-Blockchain Communication

ICANN = Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

IDE = integrated development environment

IDM = Integrated Device Manufacturer

IDS = Intrusion Detection System (attack detection system) is a system for the detection of attacks that are directed against a computer system or computer network.

IDS = International Data Space

IEEE = Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IFG = Berlin Freedom of Information Act

IFSys = Intelligent Flying System

IETF = Internet Engineering Taskforce (develops open source standards in USA)

IIC = Industrial Internet Consortium

IIoT = Industrial Internet of Things

ILP = Inductive Logic Programming

IMSI = International Mobile Subscriber Identity

IMU = Inertial Measurement Unit

IOC = Indicator of Compromise

IoE = Internet of Everything

IoMT = Internet of Moving Things

IoP = Internet of Production

IOPS = input / output operations per second

IoT = Internet of Things

IP = Internet provider (commercial: Intellectual Property)

IPA = Intelligent Process Automation

IPU = Intelligent Processing Unit

IR = information retrieval

ISMS = Information Security Management System, which covers both OT (organization technology) and IT (information technology)

must include

IPA = Intelligent Process Automation

ISIN = International Securities Identification Numbers (security identification according to ISO 6166)

ISO = International Standards Organization

ISP = Internet service provider

ITP = Intelligent Tracking Prevention

ITR = information transfer rate

ITSiG = IT Security Act

ITSM = IT Service Management

ITU = International Telecommunication Union

IVI = In-Vehicle Infotainment

IVR = interactive voice response

IVSG = Intelligent Transport Systems Act

Java = an object-oriented programming language and a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, which was acquired by Oracle in 2010. The programming language is part of Java technology - it basically consists of the Java development tool (JDK) for creating Java programs and the Java runtime environment (JRE) for executing them.

JavaScript (short JS) = a scripting language that was originally developed for dynamic HTML in web browsers in order to evaluate user interactions, change, reload or generate content and thus expand the possibilities of HTML and CSS. Today JavaScript is also used outside of browsers, for example on servers and in microcontrollers.

JBIG2 = a method for image compression of binary images for both lossless and lossy compression. JBIG2 was developed by the "Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group" and was published in 2000 as the international standard ITU T.88 and in 2001 as ISO / IEC 14492.

JDBC = java database connectivity, is an API of the Java platform that is specially designed for relational databases

JEDI = Joint European Disruptive Initiative, AI projects financed by Medienhäuer for the automated elimination of fake news

JPEG = goes back to the Joint Photographic Experts Group, which developed the JPEG standard. It is the common name for the ISO / IEC 10918-1 or CCITT Recommendation T.81 standard presented in 1992, which describes various methods of image compression.

JSON = JavaScript Object Notation, is a compact data format in an easily readable text form and serves the purpose of data exchange between applications.

KDD = Knowledge Discovery in Databases

AI = Artificial Intelligence

CRITIS = Critical infrastructures, organizations with important importance for the community, whose failure or impairment would result in lasting supply bottlenecks, significant disruptions to public safety or other dramatic consequences - Rhebo GmbH

LAF = linguistic annotation framework

LAW = lethal autonomous weapon (e.g. killer drones)

L-BFGS = limited-memory BFGS

LCD = Liquid Crystal Display

LDAP = Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (light weight directory access protocol for telephone systems)

LIDAR = light detection and ranging (environment detection technology, e.g. in autonomous driving)

LIR = Local Internet Register

LSI = latent semantic indexing, identifying and extracting information that is not standard formulas or language, but that exists through associations of words or statements or different places in a document

LoRaWAN = long range wide area network

LRP = Layer-wise Relevance Propagation (an interpretability methodology to explain predictions of AI)

LSTM = long short-term memory

LTE = Long-Term-Evolution, is a cellular standard

M2M = machine-to-machine communication

MAS = multi-agent system (multi-agent system, mobile agent system)

MAS = Marketing Automation System

MAU = monthly active users

MCC = mobile country code

MCI = human-computer interaction

MCU = microcontroller unit

MDM = mobility data marketplace

MDP = mobility service platform

MDU = Multi Dwelling Unit (ensures that the various networked transmission media can be tapped at several outlet boxes) -

MEMS = Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems

MIMO = Multiple Input Multiple Output, use of several transmitting and receiving antennas

MISP = Malware Information Sharing Platform

ML = Machine learning

mLSTM = multiplicative long short-term memory

MNC = mobile number code

MOBA = Multiplayer Online Battle Arena

MongoDB (derived from the English humongous, "Gigantic") is a schema-free, document-oriented NoSQL database that is written in the C ++ programming language.

MOOC = massive open online course

MOST bus = Media Oriented Systems Transport, is a serial bus system for the transmission of audio and video, voice and data signals via optical fibers (MOST25, MOST50, MOST150) or via electrical conductors (MOST50).

MPLS = Multi-Protocol Label Switching - enables the connection-oriented transmission of data packets in a connectionless network along a previously established (“signaled”) path.

MPO = Market Plce Optimization (see:

MPW = multi-project wafer

MQTT = Message Queue Telemetry Transport, is an open message protocol for machine-to-machine communication (M2M), which enables the transmission of telemetry data in the form of messages between devices, despite high delays or limited networks MR = mixed realty ( Mixture of AR and VR)

MRC = machine reading comprehension

MSC = Mobile Switching Center

MSS = Maximum Segment Size, defines the maximum number of bytes in a computer network that are sent as user data in a TCP segment

MT = machine translation

MVNO = mobile virtual network operator

NAS = network attached storage

NAS = network access server (a server that provides access to a network)

NAT = Network Address Translation

NC = Network Controller

NEV = New Energy Vehicle

NFC = Near Field Communication (Near field communication), radio technology based on RFID technology for data transmission over short distances.

NFR = non-functional requirements (non-functional requirements such as quality of execution or further development)

NFT = non-fungible token / near frequency technology

NGFW = Next Generation Firewall

NGMN = Next Generation Mobile Networks, is an ongoing project by cell phone companies and cell phone suppliers to develop the next generation of cell phones.

NIR = National Internet Register

NLF = New Legislative Framework

NLG = Natural Language Generation

NLP = Natural Language Processing

NLU = Natural Language Understanding

NN = Neural Network

NNP = neural network processor

NoSQL = not only SQL, new form of databases, e.g. B. non-relational

NTIA = National Telecommunications and Information Administration

NTBA = Network Termination for ISDN Basic Rate Access, is the network termination device for an ISDN basic connection.

NVMe = non-volatile memory express (software interface for parallel access)

OBD = On-board diagnosis (in the car)

OBP = Object-based programming

OCR = optical character recognition (automated text recognition within images)

ODBC = open database connectivity, is a standardized API that uses SQL as the database language.

ODM = Original Device manufacturing

OLAP - Online analytical processing, is counted among the methods of analytical information systems in addition to data mining. The structure on which OLAP is based is an OLAP cube that was created from the operational database.

OLED = organic light emitting diode

OLTP - Online Transaction Processing, real-time transaction processing, follows a line-oriented logic

OPC UA = OPC Unified Architecture, a machine to machine communication protocol for industrial automation developed by the OPC Foundation.

OPSEC = Operational Security (operational security concept)

ORM = Object Rational Mapping, bidirectional active-active link between user level and data in relational databases

OS = Operating System

OSS = Open Soerce Software

OTP = one-time pad

OTT = Over-the-top content, describes the transmission of video and audio content via Internet access without an Internet service provider being involved in the control or distribution of the content.

P2P = Peer-to-Peer, exchange among equals

PAP = project schedule (like BPMN)

PCA = Principal Component Analysis

PCI-DSS = Payment Card Industry Security Standard, security standard for credit card data that is binding for all institutions that process cardholder data.

PCI certification = is always required if a locally executed and self-developed checkout form is used. But even if the additional software for payment processing, which is used in the online shop, receives the credit card data on its own server, PCI certification is inevitable. The same applies if the cardholder data is stored in your own systems. (Source: here)

PDA = Personal Digital Assistant (smartphone, tablet)

PDCA = Plan - Do - Check -Act (the recommended procedure for process implementation)

pdf = portable document format

PDM = Product Data Management

PDU = power distribution unit

Pen test = penetration test (comprehensive security test of individual computers or networks of any size)

Pearl = a free, platform-independent and interpreted programming language (script language) that supports several programming paradigms. The linguist Larry Wall designed it in 1987 as a synthesis of C, awk, the Unix commands and other influences.

PGP = Pretty Good Privacy is a program developed by Phil Zimmermann for encrypting and signing data. PGP uses what is known as a public key procedure, in which there is a clearly assigned pair of keys.

PHP = HypertextP.reprocessor "(originally"P.personal Home P.age Tools ”) is a scripting language with a syntax based on C and Perl.

PIC = photonic integrated circuit

PII = Personally identifiable information

pin code = personal identification number

PLA = product listing ads (product ads on Google)

PLM = Product Lifecycle Management

PLMN = Public Land Mobile Network (public terrestrial cellular network) refers to public cellular networks with transmitter masts, which are therefore not satellite-supported. Mobile Satellite Systems) like Iridium and Globalstar.

PMML = Predictive Model Markup Language

PoE = power over ethernet (charging cable + LAN connection). The power supply via Ethernet refers to a process with which network-compatible devices can be supplied with power via the eight-wire Ethernet cable.

PPA = Power Purchase Agreement (or Energy Power Agreement)

PPC = Pay per Click (click remuneration) is a common billing model in online marketing in which the service is billed per click (page view) and not per ad insertion (impression) or per sale (sale).

PSTN = Public Switched Telephone Network (landline)

PVT = product verification testing

PWA = progressive web application

QAM = Question and Answer Machine

QES = qualified electronic signature

QI = quality infrastructure

QNN = Quantum Neural Network

QoS = Quality of Service

QR code = Quick R.esponse ("Quick answer", as a brand term "QR Code") is a method of writing down information in such a way that it can be found and read by machine particularly quickly.

RA = Reference Architecture

R-CNN = area based convolution neural network

RIPE NCC = Reseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Center (the RIR for Europe)

RIR = Regional Internet Register

ROPO effect = Research Online, Purchase Offline (request from all stationary retailers)

R = license-free statistics evaluation program

R.A.M. = Random Access Memory, is the place in a computer where the operating system, application programs, and data in current use are kept so that they can be quickly reached by the computer's processor.

RBA = Risk Based Authentication (risk-dependent additional identification of a user if the password alone is too insecure)

RBM = restricted Boltzmann machine is a generativestochastic artificial neural network that can learn a probability distribution over its set of inputs

RC = radio control

RCS = Rich Communications Services (new Google Messenger)

RDP = remote desktop protocol (Microsoft)

ResNet = Deep Residual Network

RFID = radio-frequency identification ("Identification with the help of electromagnetic waves") describes a technology for transmitter-receiver systems for the automatic and contactless identification and localization of objects and living beings with radio waves.

RL = reinforcement learning

RLS = Reinforcement Learning System

RNN = Recurrent / Random / Recursive Neural Net (work)

RPA = Robotic Process Automation (robot-controlled process automation)

RPG = Role Playing Game

RPO = Recovery Point Objective (point in time for recovery after an IT system or IT infrastructure failure)

RSA = Rivest, Shamir and Adleman, an asymmetric cryptographic procedure that can be used for encryption as well as digital signature.

RSU = Road Side Unit (with connected car)

RTA = Regulatory Technical Standards / Real Time Advertising

RTFM = Read the F…. manual

RTP = Real-Time Transport Protocol

SATA =S.erial ATA.ttachment, a computer interface for exchanging data with hard drives and other storage devices

SCA = strong customer authentication (comes into effect for web shops in EU from Sep. 2019)

SCM = storage class memory

SCO = Search Content Optimization

SDG = stochastic gradient descent (stochastic gradient descent method)

SDI = serial digital interface (serial, digital interface for the transmission of uncompromised and unencrypted video data via coaxial cable or fiber optic cable

SDK = Software development kit

SDL = Security Development Lifecycle (IT security development lifecycle, is getting shorter and shorter)

SDM = Standard data protection model

SdX = software-designed everything

SEA = Search Engine Advertising (advertising in search engines, e.g. Google AdWords)

SEAR = Small Exploration Assistant Rover

SegNet = Segmentation Network (Deep Learning)

SEM = Search Engine Marketing (search engine marketing)

SEO = Serch Engine Optimization (search engine optimization)

SERP = Search Engine Result Page (1st page on Google)

Showrooming = inform offline, buy online (request from all webshop pure players)

SIEM = Security Information Event Management

SiG = signature law

SIL = safety integrity level - The safety requirement level is a term from the field of functional safety and is also referred to as the safety level or safety integrity level in international standardization in accordance with IEC 61508 / IEC61511.

SIM = subscriber identity module (with SIM card)

SIP = session initiation protocol

SiV = Signature Ordinance

SLA = Service Level Agreement (agreements between client and service provider on order quality)

SLAM = Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

SLB = Server Load Balancing

SLO = single log-out

SLT = Spoken Language Technology

SMB = Server Message Block

SMD = Surface Mounted Device

SMM = Social media marketing

SMS = Short Message Service (Short message service) is a telecommunications service for the transmission of text messages, mostly Short messages or also SMS to be named. It was first developed for GSM mobile communications and is also available in various countries in the fixed network as a fixed network SMS.

SoC = System on Chip (e.g. Apple's M1)

SBIPA = Software Based Intelligent Process Automation

SNRA = Sensor Network Reference Architecture

SOA = service-oriented architecture

SPA = scalable probabilistic approximation

SPoC = single point of contact

SPSS = (originally) Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, later: Superior Performing Software System (licensed, owned by IBM)

SQL = Structured Query Language (a database language)

SRS = Search Result Surroundings (enrich search results with search environment)

SRTP = secure real-time transport protocol (the encrypted variant of the real-time transport protocol)

SSAI = server-side ad insertion

SSD = Solid State Disc (solid state storage)

SSEE = secure signature creation unit

SSI = Self-sovereign Identity (the user has a means of generating and controlling unique identifiers as well as some facility to store identity data)

SSL = S.ecure S.ockets L.ayer, the old name for Transport Layer Security, a network protocol for the secure transmission of data

SSO = single sign-on

STE = simplified technical English (e.g. for technical manuals)

SUS / WSUS = Server Update Service / Windos Server Update Service

SVMs = support-vector machines - In machine learning, SVMs (also support-vector networks) are supervised learning models with associated learning algorithms that analyze data used for classification and regression analysis

TCP = Transmission Control Protocol (network protocol that defines how data should be exchanged between computers)

TDD = test-driven development

TI = telematics infrastructure

ANIMAL = Rank - denotes the level of the quality standard of a data center, from TIER 1 to 4 (see

TKG = Telecommunications Act

CPM = Thousand contact price (CPM = cost per mille)

TLS = Transport Layer Security

TMG = Telemedia Act

TOM = technical and organizational measures (for data protection)

TPM = Trusted Platform Module

TPMS = Tire Pressure Monitoring System (tire pressure measurement system)

TRL = Technology Readiness Level

TSE = technical security device (manipulation protection for electronic cash register systems)

TSN = time-sensitive networking

TTS = Text-to-Speech Synthesis

UC = unified communication

UCC = Unique Column Combinations - Unique column combinations are sets of columns of a relational database table
that fulfill the uniqueness constraint. (Source:

UCD = user-centered design (basis of UX)

UEM = unified endpoint management

UHD = Ultra High Definition (a video / TV standard)

UHDTV = Ultra High Definition TV (a television picture standard)

UIMA = Unstructured Information Management Architecture (like in IBM Watson)

UML = Unified Monitoring Language (unified modeling language) is a graphic modeling language for the specification, construction and documentation of software parts and other systems

Url = Uniform Resource Locator, a designation standard for network resources

UTM = Urchin Tracking Module, these parameters are five variants of URL parameters used by marketers to track the effectiveness of online marketing campaigns across traffic sources and publishing media.

UWB = Ultra Wide Band

V2I = vehicle-to-infrastructure

UX = user experience

V2X = vehicle to everything (the fully networked car)

Vala = an object-oriented programming language that was developed from 2006 by Jürg Billeter and Raffaele Sandrini, who studied computer science at the ETH Zurich.

VCM = value chain management

VDA = trust service provider

VDG = Trust Services Act

VIN = Vehicle Identification Number

VoD = Video on demand

VoIP = Voice over IP

VPA = Virtual Personal Assistant

VR = Virtual reality

VRCM = Virtual Reality Content Machines

VSC = Virtual Supply Chain

VTO ​​= virtual try-on

VTOL = vertical take-off and landing (e.g. for air taxis or vertical take-offs)

VUI = Voice User Interface

WaaS = Workspace as a Service

WASP = Web Activated Signature Protocol

WDD = widget-driven design

Webrooming = inform online, buy offline

WiMAX = Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, is a wireless access technology to broadband internet. WiMAX is often used as a synonym for radio systems based on the IEEE standard 802.16

WWW = World Wide Web

XaaS = Everything as a Service

XAI = Explainable AI

XR = extended reality

Xrp = Extensible Registry Protocol

ZDA = certification service provider

ZIP file format = from Englishzipper ('Zip') is a format for losslessly compressed files

ZITIS = Central Office for Information Technology in the Security Area, is planned by the BMI in Munich



Unless otherwise stated, all explanations are taken from Wikipedia. Therefore almost all hyperlinks also refer to Wikipedia.

Author: Thomas Andersen

Business studies at the Free University of Berlin, focus: marketing and organization. Marketing and sales manager FMCG for over 20 years. Owner of Andersen Marketing KG since 2004: Founding and SME consultant, coach, lecturer, moderator, juror. Since 2005 lecturer at the HTW Berlin. Active networker (Berlin Business Talks, Marketing Club Berlin, German Crowdfunding Network, VGSD, NUFUB, GWUP)