What are electronic ISO types
What is the meaning of DIN EN ISO & how do you keep track of standard abbreviations?
A participant in a quality management seminar expressed her displeasure with the prevailing variety of standards with the sentence “meanwhile everything is“ isolated ”. How long standards have been around is shown by the fact that the German Institute for Standardization celebrated its 100th birthday in 2017. This already shows the great importance of DIN EN ISO. In 1922, the DIN standard 476 was published. Since then, it has made it easier to file and organize documents. We currently find this scope in EN ISO 216, which, in addition to other standard paper sizes, also includes the DIN A4 format, which is so important to us and therefore well known everywhere.
The very first DIN standard, which dates back to 1918, is, however, less familiar to most consumers, as it standardizes a connecting element from mechanical engineering, the tapered pin. However, almost all consumers also benefit from the effect that suitable tapered pins could then easily be procured as replacements for many devices. What will undoubtedly become more difficult is to keep track of the types of standards, the standard abbreviations and the meaning of DIN EN ISO. With this article, we are facing up to this challenge and venturing into the jungle of normative abbreviations.
Further contributions to quality management according to ISO 9001:
(1) Use the option of an online survey to determine customer satisfaction according to ISO 9001
(2) Expand your SMART method! Formulate your quality goals according to ISO 9001 in the best possible way through "integration"
(3) The Pareto analysis - the importance of the Pareto principle as a CIP method for your quality management
OurSeries for ISO / TS 9002 with practical tips on how to implement ISO 9001!
The legal meaning of standards
Most companies are faced with the question at some point: Do I have to adhere to a DIN standard as well as a law? No. The highest German civil court has formulated this as follows: "DIN standards are not legal standards, but private technical regulations with the character of a recommendation." (BGH, Az .: VII ZR 184/97). However, experience teaches that whoever follows the norms can usually benefit from a certain legal certainty.
However, standards can become binding if legal and administrative provisions of a legislature or regulatory authority require compliance with them or reference is made to them in contracts. Compliance with a standard can also have economic reasons. With DIN EN 62684, standards were created in Europe for the standardization of external power supply devices (EPS) for mobile telephones capable of data transmission. Buyers of such devices are happy when they can use their charger for several smartphones. The example of the smartphone pioneer Apple shows that not all standards have to be followed. If you forget your Apple charger, you have to look for another Apple follower, because Apple does not install the standardized international micro-USB port in its devices. To what extent this will affect Apple's sales figures remains to be seen.
Standards play an essential role as a prerequisite for the realization of the European internal market - the DIN EN ISO significance is very great. In order to remove trade barriers such as customs duties and import duties, the various national technical standards had to be harmonized. This is done through uniform European standards, which, due to EU membership, are always valid as national standards in the respective countries.
The DIN EN ISO meaning - this is how you recognize the origin and meaning of the standard abbreviations
It is therefore important to recognize whether a standard could be relevant for your own company or whether its implementation gives the company an advantage. However, this requires understanding the partially cryptic abbreviations first.
|DIN (plus counting number, e.g. DIN 33430)||German standard||National standard with exclusively or predominantly national significance. The counting number does not contain a classifying statement.|
|DIN VDE (plus CDE classification, e.g. DIN VDE 0100)||German standard||Standard with reference to safety specifications from the field of electrical engineering (VDE = Association of German Electrical Engineers).|
|DIN EN (plus serial number, e.g. DIN EN 14719)||European Standard||European standard (EN) that has been adopted into German standards (adopted by all members of the European standardization organizations CEN / CENELEC / ETSI).|
|DIN ISO (plus serial number, e.g. DIN ISO 10002)||International standard||Unchanged German adoption of an ISO standard in German standards.|
|DIN IEC or DIN ISO / IEC (plus serial number, e.g. DIN IEC 60912)||International standard||Unchanged German adoption of an IEC standard.|
|DIN EN ISO (plus serial number, e.g. DIN EN ISO 9001)||European and international standard||International standard (ISO) published as a European standard (EN) and thus also as a German standard (DIN) (adopted by all members of the European standardization organizations CEN / CENELEC / ETSI).|
|DIN SPEC (plus serial number, e.g. DIN SPEC 77222)||German prestandard||Pre-standard to the DIN standard with the advantage that it can be implemented more quickly (preliminary stage for later standardization).|
DIN EN ISO, DIN SPEC or DIN ISO / IEC? The confusing variety of norms abbreviations
The idea of standardization, whether national, European or international, is a logical and uniform system. The numbers or letter abbreviations of the standards therefore follow certain rules and give us information about their characteristics, area of application or path of origin. There are several ways in which norms and standards are classified, which is why norms are provided with different terms and designations. There are three main categories: DIN, ISO and EN, and in some industries there is also the IEC standard. The following list reveals where the differences lie and the origin of the individual abbreviations. On this page you will also find a list of the named standardization organizations that are active on a European and international level. As there are other relevant documents in the sense of technical specifications or reports in addition to the standards, these are also briefly explained.
Video: What is ISO 9001
Video: High Level Structure ISO 9001
European and international standardization organizations
The standards organizations at European level are:
- CEN - European Committee for Standardization
- CENELEC - European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
- ETSI - European Telecommunications Standardization Institute
The organizations at international level are:
- ISO - International Organization for Standardization
- IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission
- ITU - International Union for Telecommunications
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European standards reveal their development
In the case of EN standards from the field of electrical engineering, the career path can be recognized by the numbering:
EN 50000 to EN 59999
are standards that have been developed by CENELEC (CENELEC = European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization)
EN 60000 to EN 69999
refers to standards that have been developed in the IEC (International Electronic Commission) and adopted by CENELEC (in some cases with changes)
European standards of the ETSI
have count numbers in the number range 300000 to 399999
And then, in addition to the standards, there are ...
Technical Specification (TC):
Set of rules that are in the process of technical development or that have been created, as an immediate agreement on a standard is unlikely. The aim is to publish it as a norm.
Technical Report (TR):
Contains information that differs from previous publications. Data from a survey, an informative report or information about the perceived "state of the art".
Publicly Available Specification (PAS):
A PAS is an agreement of certain authors without ensuring the social consensus as required by a standard and is faster and cheaper to adopt than a standard. A PAS is a public requirement, but not a standard.
I hope you can now find your way around the standards abbreviations better
Your Reinhold Kaim
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