What does a sheriff do in Australia

Police structure in Australia

Contents overview:

List of abbreviations

A introduction

B New South Wales Police Force
1 General and structure of the authorities
2a application requirements
2b sports test in the application process
2c training with the police
3 official titles and ranks
4 police officers and their resources
5 special units

C conclusion

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List of abbreviations

Figure not included in this excerpt

A. Introduction

The state of Australia is geographically located in the southern hemisphere. It covers almost eight million square kilometers. This area corresponds to almost the entire European area (see Fig. 1 in the annex). In total, Australia is divided into seven territories:

- Western Australia
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Queensland
- New South Wales
- Victoria
- Tasmania

The majority of the population can be found on the east coast of the country, especially in the major cities of Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.

Each territory organizes its own police authorities. This structure is comparable to the organization of the German police in the individual federal states. In addition, there is the "Australia Federal Police", which is similar to the Federal Police.

This work mainly focuses on the territory of New South Wales, whose organization, structure and units are examined more closely and compared with the structure of the police in North Rhine-Westphalia. As part of this seminar paper, Australian police officers from these regions were also interviewed, and some of their statements were incorporated into the work.

B. New South Wales Police Force

1. General and structure of the authorities

The territory of NSW is located in the southeast of Australia and is bordered by Queensland to the north and Victoria to the south. The east of the state is provided with coast. The west borders South Australia. The capital is Sydney.

The area of ​​NSW is about 800,000 km2. The total area of ​​the Federal Republic, however, is only 360,000 km2. The Federal Republic alone has a population density that is 28 times higher.

More than seven million people live in NSW. 20,000 of them are employed by the police, of which 15,500 are police officers.1

The structure of the NSWPF is organized by the "Minister for Police". There are three "directorates" (see Fig. 2 of the annex).2

- Field operations
- Specialist Operations
- Corporate Services

The Field Operations take on the tasks of the Danger Prevention / Operations and the Traffic Directorate in a comparable way. Specialist Operations take on the tasks of the Crime and Emergency Response / Deployment Directorate. The Corporate Services can be compared with the Central Tasks Directorate.

There are 80 LACs in the NSW area. These are comparable with the district administrators / police headquarters in North Rhine-Westphalia. There are over 500 police stations in total. Thus one can speak of a similar structure as in NRW.

2a. Application requirements

There are currently some requirements that must be met in order to begin training with the Australian Police in New South Wales.3

- Must be an Australian citizen or permanent resident. It is not possible for the state or the police force to assist the applicant in obtaining this
- You have to be 18 years or older
- The possession of a driver's license or at least the “Red Provisional” (driver's license with a probationary period) is required
- The number of traffic violations related to traffic accidents is assessed (a maximum of one accident should have been caused in a period of 2 years)
- There must be no previous convictions. A setting is only possible in exceptional cases. People related to criminal groups (e.g. rocker gangs) are also viewed as unsuitable in character
- There must be no injunction against the applicant
- The English language should be mastered without any problems
- The applicant should have the appropriate fitness and sporting stamina and pass a corresponding sport test
- A medical examination must be passed, including a visual and color recognition test
- The BMI must be less than 30

The requirements are all taken from the website under footnote 2.

2 B. Sports test in the application process

The sports test consists of six tests. All of these must be passed, otherwise a setting cannot be made.4

- Handgrip - This checks how tight you can grip with one hand. You have to reach 30kg per hand.
- Prone Bridge - It is started in the push-up position. The arching tension of the body must be maintained, then the hip area is allowed to hang, and finally you go into the “cat's back position”. This should all be done without putting the body down. The exercise takes 90 seconds.
- Vertical Jump - from a standing position you have to jump at least 30cm high. There are two attempts.
- Push Up - 25 pushups have to be done. The elbows must reach a position of 90 °.
- Illinois Agility Test - An obstacle course can be run in 20 seconds.
- Multi-Stage-Fitness Test - This is a fuel exercise in which several 20m sprits have to be put down one after the other. Most NSW applicants fail this exercise.

Since the responsibility of the NSWPF covers hundreds of kilometers of coastline, five complex swimming and diving exercises are also carried out.

2c. Police training

For most applicants, training begins at the New South Wales Police Academy, on which Charles Sturt University also has a campus. Here it is possible to complete the Bachelor of Justice Studies (Policing).

The following is an interview that was conducted with a graduate from Charles Sturt University (Derek Bastian, Constable):

Adam Wlodarczyk: "When you visit the Charles Sturt University to become a police officer, how long you must visit it?"

Derek Bastian: "You do 8 months at the police college, then you graduate and do a year of probationary work as a police officer, before you get confirmed."

Adam Wlodarczyk: "Can you tell me also what subject you learn at university?"

Derek Bastian: "We do ethics, leadership, weapons and tactics, communication, law, traffic, police and society, simulation situation subjects and vulnerable people."

Adam Wlodarczyk: “You must also do sports at university?

Derek Bastian: "Yes, we call it personal training, but it is not related to uni, only to the cops."

Compared to training with the police in North Rhine-Westphalia, one can say that training in New South Wales takes about 1.5 years less than in North Rhine-Westphalia. Nevertheless, the training can be viewed as very similar. There are comparable subjects and corresponding situation training, as well as working “on the street”.

3. Official titles and ranks

The New South Wales Police Department is divided into the following official names:5


Probationary Constable Constable

Senior Constable

Incremental Senior Constable Leading Senior Constable

All constables have the same duties. The rank merely reflects the experience of the police officers. A "Probationary Constable" is a police officer who is still in his training. He is then appointed constable. After five years he is promoted to Senior Constable, after ten years of service he is promoted to Incremental Senior Constable.

Non-Commissioned Officers:


Incremental Sergeant Senior Sergeant

Sergeants take on managerial positions on one shift. In Germany they are to be compared with the service group leader or security officer. A senior sergeant can even take over entire regions. In order to achieve such a position, you have to enter yourself on a "hit list" and according to the waiting time you will be invited to a selection process.

Commissioned Officers:


Chief Inspector Superintendent

Chief Superintendent


1 http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/about_us/history (06/06/2013)

2 http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/about_us/structure (06/06/2013)

3 http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/recruitment/eligibility (06/03/2013)

4 http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/recruitment/fitness/physical_capacity_testing/current_standards (03.06.2013)

5 http://www.australianpolice.com.au/nsw-police-ranks/ (May 19, 2013)

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