Is Guwahti an overcrowded city

Urbanization in the Himalayan area
Degree of urbanization.

Kathmandu, Capital of Nepal. Nepal was once one of the least urbanized countries in the world. In 1981 only 6.3% of the total population lived in urban areas. Nevertheless, in the ten years from 1971 to 1981 there was a significant increase in the urban population with an increase of around 108%. This corresponded to an annual increase of over 8.4%. The rate of urbanization in the early 1990s was 8%.

But only 23 settlements were considered urban areas, and only one of them had more than 100,000 inhabitants - the capital Kathmandu with a total population of just over 235,000.
Together with the other two large settlements, Patan and Bhaktapur, the hill region of the Kathmandu Valley contained the greatest concentration of the total urban population. This was almost 40%.

Today, Nepal has the highest rate of urbanization (5% annually) in South Asia. In Nepal, urbanization is a recent trend that is fast, uncontrolled and arbitrary. He has further extended the list of environmental and development problems in Nepal.
The problem is most serious in the cities of Nepal, which are confronted with growing mountains of rubbish. Waste that arises from the increase in population, overcrowded cities, changes in consumer behavior, the use of new materials (e.g. plastics) and increasing industrialization.

Air and water pollution, health risks and a general deterioration in the quality of life in cities are the result. 85% of the waste generated in Nepal is solid waste, mainly from households. Hospitals, agriculture (pesticides, fertilizers) and industry are responsible for the rest. Hazardous waste is usually disposed of with all other waste (on the dump or in the incinerator) or stored without appropriate safety measures, which leads to further problems and dangers in waste management.

Urbanization process in Kathmandu
LhasaUntil the 1950s, Lhasa was largely unaffected by the drastic global urbanization processes that cities in many western countries were experiencing. But since 1959, the population of Lhasa has increased sevenfold. The small town's 30,000 inhabitants had grown to 223,000 in 2000. With the increase in population, the urban area has also expanded from 3 to 51 square kilometers. Since the beginning of the 1990s, large parts of the old town have been redesigned and a number of historic buildings have been replaced by modern apartment blocks.