How are polymers made




Polymerization
radical
Ionic
other
Polycondensation
Polyaddition
Viscose process

 

Manufacture of plastics

This chapter is about the manufacture of plastics. In general, plastics are produced in so-called "Polyreactions", these are reactions in which individual molecules, called "monomers" (from the Greek monos = individual and meros = particles), react to form "polymers" (Greek polys = many).

These polyreactions are usually divided into three different types of reaction, namely in

That might sound a bit cryptic now, but after reading the relevant pages, hopefully the differences between the different reaction types are no longer a problem.

So, and so that you can better decide where you want to start reading, there is now a short list of which plastics are created by which of the above-mentioned reaction types:

  1. Polymerization creates:

  2. Polycondensation creates:

  3. Polyaddition creates:

In addition to these polyreactions, this chapter also contains a page on the production of viscose using the so-called viscose process. Strictly speaking, this process is not one of the reaction mechanisms that should actually be discussed here, because viscose is not synthesized from monomers, but perhaps it is still interesting for one or the other to read something about it.


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