Why is Bengaluru's weather so unpredictable
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Current (Entry, restrictions in the country)
The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
There are currently warnings against unnecessary tourist trips to India.
So far, India has been particularly hard hit by COVID-19. Regional focuses are currently the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as the metropolitan areas of Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai.
India is still classified as a risk area.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current and detailed figures.
The state of Maharashtra has mandated a 14-day quarantine for travelers from Great Britain, the EU and the Middle East to be spent in a state institution.
Commercial international travel is currently prohibited in principle. Tourist entries remain prohibited until further notice; E-visas and visas for tourist purposes that have already been issued are suspended. Visas of the remaining categories that were previously suspended are valid again. Entry by water and air for other travel purposes should be possible again, provided that the validity of already issued visas has not expired or the corresponding visas have been newly issued.
Entry by land is still not possible.
Visas from Germans who have already entered India remain valid. A visa extension for Germans who are already in the country must be applied for online via the locally responsible Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO); a personal interview with the FRROs is not necessary. According to the FRROs, extensions of tourist visas should be granted free of charge; In the case of departures up to 30 days after the re-admission of commercial international travel, a fine for "overstay" is waived.
When entering India, there is a 14-day institutional quarantine obligation. Travelers can be exempted from this upon request. To do this, the negative result of a COVID-19 test must be uploaded to the website of New Delhi Airport. Indian authorities then issue a special permit and confirm this by e-mail ("exempted from quarantine"). The e-mail must be printed out on arrival.
The use of the COVID-19 tracking app "Aarogya Setu" is partly mandatory.
Transit and onward travel
Traveling through and onward by land is not possible due to the closure of the borders with neighboring countries.
Commercial international flight connections remain prohibited until further notice. Entry and exit are currently only possible to a very limited extent with connections approved as repatriation flights, in particular from Lufthansa, Air France and KLM. The resumption of further flight connections is currently being negotiated.
National rail and air traffic was resumed to a limited extent. Significantly reduced connection offers are to be expected as well as strict hygiene regulations.
Restrictions in the country
The imposed curfew will be relaxed outside of the so-called containment zones (closed areas with high COVID-19 infection rates) depending on location and location.
The local distance and hygiene regulations must be observed.
- Please inquire about the currently applicable regulations at the Indian diplomatic mission or your airline before you start your journey.
- Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines or other penalties can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
- Keep up to date with local Indian authorities for current regulations and follow the local media.
- Please do not currently book flights to Europe until the re-admission of commercial travel is officially announced, even if they are shown online as available. A current overview of bookable European return flights can be found on the website of the representations in India.
- If you are still in India for tourism and want to leave the country, make sure you keep your entries in the crisis prevention list up to date and find out about the German representations in India.
- Please inquire about the exact regulations of your Indian destination state before traveling if you are traveling within India.
- If you are planning to enter India, check with the Bureau of Immigration before booking your flight whether your visa currently entitles you to enter India.
- Note the test and quarantine requirements when entering Germany from risk areas (not transit) and contact the health department at your place of residence. The Federal Ministry of Health offers further information on compulsory testing.
- Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
- Please note our continuously updated information on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
From trips to Jammu and Kashmir will strongly discouraged.
The security situation in India remains tense against the background of numerous serious terrorist attacks in recent years. This is particularly true in the context of national and religious holidays as well as major events.
It must be assumed that New Delhi and other major cities in particular are the focus of terrorist activities. There is still a tendency for places that are frequented by tourists to be increasingly targeted by terrorists.
In the past decades and also recently, bomb attacks were carried out in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, which resulted in many deaths. Individual actions directed against foreigners, including kidnappings, cannot be ruled out in the entire region. Sometimes curfews were imposed.
- Pay particular attention in busy locations (when visiting markets, public spaces, large crowds, and near government buildings and national landmarks) and on special occasions.
- Please note the worldwide safety information.
Union Territory Jammu and Kashmir
In the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, there are not only acts of terrorism but also unforeseeable clashes between demonstrators and the police or the army. The lifting of the special status for Jammu and Kashmir on August 5, 2019 further exacerbated the security situation. There are also increased armed clashes between Indian and Pakistani troops as well as with various separatist groups along the international border and the Armistice Line (LoC).
In the Jammu part of the country, the security situation is basically stable. However, unforeseeable violent clashes between demonstrators and security forces are also possible there
- Keep yourself informed about the security and infrastructure situation.
- Travel to Srinagar by air only if absolutely necessary.
- Do not hitchhike through these areas alone or with an unauthorized guide, and do not camp in remote locations.
- Avoid large crowds.
- Always follow the instructions of the local authorities and security forces.
Union Territory of Ladakh
In the Union territory of Ladakh, the security situation is basically stable. However, individual terrorist activities cannot be ruled out. Clashes between Indian and Pakistani and Indian and Chinese security forces can occur in the direct border regions.
- Be especially careful when traveling to the western parts of Ladakh.
- Get advice from trustworthy guides who are knowledgeable about the area when it comes to choosing the trekking routes.
- Avoid the immediate border areas with Pakistan and the People's Republic of China in Ladakh.
In the northeastern states (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura) there are still isolated militant political groups and criminal gangs active in some regions. Tourists have not been targeted by attacks and kidnappings, at least so far, but they can still easily get into danger.
After a controversial change in nationality law was passed in December 2019, there were violent protests, violent clashes and an increased military presence with night curfews and other restrictions.
- Rely on security-conscious, reliable local partners (tour operators, hotels / resorts, business partners) and behave appropriately when traveling to northeast India.
- Note that some areas require entry permits in addition to a visa.
- Get the latest information shortly before your trip, e.g. from local tour operators on the current security situation and any special permit requirements.
- Find out if your itinerary is through Naxalite Terrorism Affected Area.
Rest of the country
Protests and demonstrations, which are mostly peaceful, can also lead to violent clashes and traffic disruption.
The states of Bihar, Jharkand, Chhattisgarh, the extreme southwest of Orissa, the extreme north of Andhra Pradesh and the extreme east of Maharashtra have recorded - especially in rural areas - armed activities of a militant social revolutionary Maoist movement, which in individual districts up to the practice quasi-state violence. So far, the activities have not been directed against foreigners, but there has been one kidnapping case in the past. Acts of sabotage and attacks on the public rail network have also occurred in the past.
Travel to the Andaman Islands is subject to some restrictions.
- Find out about the current security situation and possibly planned protests via the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large crowds in large areas.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
- Do not carry out tourist activities without a local guide who knows the place.
- Be sure to observe the relevant prohibitions of the local authorities.
Petty crime such as pickpocketing does occur. The risk of violent crime is rather low, especially in the touristic areas of India.
Tourists in New Delhi and other Indian cities are occasionally, and especially in New Delhi city center, being pressured into buying overpriced trips by local tour operators using aggressive sales methods. These offices regularly pretend to be "officially recognized" in order to specify special quality and reputation.
Local taxi drivers sometimes work with these tour operators and dubious hoteliers and drive tourists there specifically, especially directly after arriving at the airport in Delhi, with excuses as to why the intended destination cannot be reached. Tourists - especially in Rajasthan and Goa - have repeatedly fallen victim to well-organized con artists, including the offer of lucrative jewelery shops.
Foreigners, especially women traveling alone or in small groups, are occasionally affected by violent, including sexual assault, also in tourist centers. To this end, drugs or knockout drops are sometimes administered via drinks.
- Always be guided by caution and always practice behavior that is appropriate to the situation and is culturally aware. This is particularly true of women traveling alone, given the reports of sexual assault.
- Be extra vigilant when booking travel with Indian travel agents and review any offers presented.
- Contact the local police immediately (in Delhi the special 24-hour tourist police, emergency number 100) should you get in any distress.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Carry your mobile phone concealed and, if possible, not openly in your hand.
- Take only the cash you need for the day and a credit card for security, but no unnecessary valuables.
- Exercise the usual caution when using credit cards, e.g. in restaurants, shops, online bookings and at ATMs.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, in the subway, on the bus and watch out for your valuables.
- Do not leave food and drinks unattended in a restaurant or bar in an unfamiliar environment.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate
In particular, the northern parts of the country along the Himalayas are in a seismically very active zone, so that earthquakes occur.
The climate is independent of the monsoon from July to September. From April to June there is a hot dry season. There are more seasonal changes in northern India.
During the main monsoon season from July to September, heavy rainfalls repeatedly trigger floods and landslides in large parts of the country. Far-reaching traffic disruptions, including air traffic, are common at this time.
Cyclones and tropical storms are not uncommon on the east coast of India, especially in the months of September to December; in the Bay of Bengal also from April to June.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
There is a functioning domestic transport network with air, bus and train connections and within the cities there is also metro and rickshaws, although this only partially offers the basic standard.
During the main monsoon season, roads can be impassable at times, train connections can be interrupted or individual locations can temporarily no longer be accessible.
There is left-hand traffic. Roads are often in poor condition. Technical monitoring of vehicles, as is customary in Central Europe, is not carried out in India, and traffic regulations are not always observed in the usual way. Serious traffic accidents are particularly common when driving overland. Adequate medical care, especially in emergencies or accidents, cannot be guaranteed in large parts of the country, and a reliably functioning rescue service does not exist everywhere, even in cities.
Sidewalks often do not exist or pose a considerable risk of accidents such as unexpected tripping hazards or unsecured or marked excavation pits. Even small accidents can lead to interference by bystanders and disputes.
- Exercise caution in traffic.
- Avoid driving overland in the dark as much as possible.
- Always be defensive and cautious.
- Use smartphone apps to order a taxi or negotiate the fare before you start your journey, if possible.
The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.
Hikes and trekking tours
North India is a popular destination for trekking tourists who soar to great heights. Often there is not enough time for a gradual height adjustment. Different forms of acute altitude sickness are possible, see information sheet on altitude sickness.
In India there is no professional, private infrastructure for emergency aid - especially for search and rescue operations in the event of accidents in high mountains. Aid measures must be initiated bureaucratically and time-consuming via the Foreign Ministry and the military facilities.
- If possible, go on trekking tours with trustworthy companies and never alone.
- When hiking and trekking tours, make sure you are well prepared and equipped, the weather conditions and insurance, even in the event of an emergency.
- Leave your travel plans and usual availabilities in the accommodations.
Special travel permits are among other things. needed for parts of Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and for the Lakkadives (Lakshadweep Islands). The permits must be obtained in India before entering the states mentioned. The authorization requirement for travel to Nagaland, Mizoram and the Andamans has been lifted.Registration upon arrival is required. The Nicobar Islands are still inaccessible to tourists. Information on travel permits can be obtained from the Indian diplomatic missions in Germany.
Special instructions on behavior
In order not to hurt the religious feelings of the population, religious sites, objects and symbols should be treated with restraint and respect, especially when taking photos and choosing clothing.
- Orientate yourself to the behavior of the local population when visiting religious sites.
Homosexuality is no longer a criminal offense in India. On September 6, 2018, after 158 years, the Supreme Court amended the article of the Indian penal code from the colonial era and legalized consensual sexual intercourse among same-sex adults. Same-sex partners should nonetheless appear discreet and cautious in public due to a lack of social acceptance in some cases.
Possession of even the smallest amounts of drugs is prohibited and punished with long prison sentences. This also applies to the export of protected animal skins and plants.
In the individual Indian states, different regulations apply to the purchase and consumption of alcohol. For example, the minimum age for alcohol consumption varies between 18 and 25 years.
Some Indian states only allow alcohol for medical purposes, while others require a special permit to buy, transport, or consume alcohol.
The penalties for violating the respective regulations can sometimes be very severe.
- Find out more about the regulations governing the purchase and consumption of alcohol in the respective states
Owning and trading e-cigarettes has been banned since the end of November 2019 and can be punished with heavy fines or even imprisonment.
Illegal stay in India - without a valid passport and / or residence permit, including exceeding the period of validity of the visa and violating the registration requirement - can be punished with long prison sentences or fines. Staying in protected and restricted areas without a permit is also a criminal offense that is punishable by imprisonment. This also applies to some touristically interesting areas e.g. in Ladakh and Sikkim or on the Andamans.
Owning and using satellite phones without government approval is illegal in India and is also a criminal offense.
Money / credit cards
The local currency is the rupee (INR). Debit and credit cards are accepted by most major banks and in upscale hotels, restaurants, and shopping centers. Credit cards can counteract problems with the supply of cash, especially in rural areas.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of the German customs and via the "Zoll und Reise" app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: No
- Provisional identity card: No
- Children's passport: Yes
German citizens need a visa to enter India.
The visa must be applied for at an Indian diplomatic mission or as an e-Visa before entering the country. Visas on entry ("on arrival") are not possible.
The e-Visa must be applied for no later than four days before the planned date of entry. The duration of the authorized stay varies between the different e-Visa categories (e.g. tourism, business or conference visas). Indianvisaonline offers more detailed information about which applications are to be made. In individual cases there are said to have been difficulties with online payment for e-TV. A printout of the Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) must be shown on request.
A 24/7 hotline is available at + 91-11-2430 0666 or [email protected]
Regular tourist visas are generally issued with a validity period of 365 days from the date of issue and entitle you to a stay of up to 90 days per visit. As a rule, multiple entries are possible (multiple entry visa).
There are repeated expulsions because activities in India such as NGO work or journalism are, in the opinion of the Indian authorities, incompatible with the status of a tourist visa.
- When applying for the e-Visa via Indianvisaonline, make sure that the payment has actually been made and always have a printout of the Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) with you.
- Always apply for a specific occasion-related visa, e.g. conference visa, journalist visa or Business / Employment / Entry (X) visa for volunteering.
- Find out more about tourist and work visas (FAQ Tourist Visa and FAQ Employment Visa) from the Indian Ministry of the Interior or Bureau of Immigration.
Extension / exceeding of the stay
An extension of the validity of the tourist visa after entry is only possible in justified exceptional cases / emergencies by the responsible local Foreigners' Regional Registration Office (FRRO).
Travelers who do not leave the country within the validity of the visa must expect a prison sentence and a multi-year entry ban (see News).
If the intended total length of stay is more than 6 months or if such a requirement is listed in the Indian visa (e.g. work visa), there is an obligation to register with the locally responsible District Foreigners' Registration Office (FRO) or at the Foreigners' Regional Registration Office (FRRO), which must be made within 14 days of arrival.
Failure to register regularly means that departure at the Indian airport is prevented and a separate exit permit must be obtained from the locally responsible FRRO, so that a return trip to the last place of residence within India and thus a delay of several days becomes unavoidable.
- For longer stays or corresponding requirements, register with the responsible FRRO within 14 days of entry.
- If you are staying longer than 180 days with a Business or Employment Visa, bring a Tax Clearance Certificate with you.
Passports are not always stamped by the border authorities upon entry. Without an entry stamp, there are considerable difficulties when leaving the country. Delays of several days due to obtaining an exit permit from the FRO and Ministry of Home Affairs (only in Delhi) are the rule. This also applies in the event of a passport being lost during the stay in India and the necessary issue of a replacement document by the responsible German diplomatic mission abroad.
- Make sure you get an entry stamp.
India no longer issues visas to foreign nationals wishing to enter the country to undertake surrogacy. Surrogacy is prohibited in Germany. A biological child of a German citizen born to a married Indian surrogate mother is not entitled to a German passport, see also FAQ on surrogacy.
Foreign currencies from an amount of 5000, - US dollars (cash or travelers checks) must be declared upon entry. Other high-quality items (e.g. video cameras) must also be declared.
The import and export of Indian currency is regulated differently for different groups of people and is mostly prohibited. The Reserve Bank of India provides binding information.
The import of gold coins and bars as well as weapons is strictly prohibited. Special provisions apply to foreigners of Indian descent (PIO).
The import of e-cigarettes is prohibited.
The export of antiques is strictly regulated. EIndia Tourism provides more detailed information.
The import of pornographic material is prohibited.
The export of protected animal hides and plants is prohibited.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany.
When entering from a yellow fever area, proof of a yellow fever vaccination must be provided.
Travelers residing in countries with poliomyelitis diseases (polio) must provide evidence of a vaccination according to WHO standards, which was carried out at least four weeks and a maximum of one year before departure. For foreigners, e.g. For example, German citizens living in poliomyelitis-infected countries and traveling to India do not need to be vaccinated. Likewise, proof of vaccination is not required for foreigners living in India and traveling to poliomyelitis-infected countries.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the vaccination calendar of the Robert Koch Institute up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A and typhoid fever are recommended as travel vaccinations, and for long-term stays or special exposure also against rabies, hepatitis B and Japanese encephalitis.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
Zika virus infection
The predominantly diurnal AedesMosquito-borne infection with Zika viruses can lead to malformations in children during pregnancy and neurological complications in adults. Several outbreaks have already been detected in India, most recently in Jaipur in 2018.
Dengue viruses are diurnal, especially on the coasts, but also in cities and at altitudes of up to approx. 1,500 meters Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The number of cases increases during and after the monsoons. The disease is usually accompanied by fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see also information sheet on dengue fever.
- To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Chikungunya viruses are diurnal AedesMosquitoes are transmitted, increasingly during and immediately after the rainy season and especially in the populous coastal areas and large metropolitan areas. The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences; long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms rarely occur. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see also the information sheet on Chikungunya fever.
- To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous one is particularly dangerous Malaria tropica often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see also the Malaria leaflet.
- If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.
With the exception of altitudes above 2000 meters, there is a year-round risk of malaria transmission in India with seasonal fluctuations. The number of cases increases particularly in the months during and after the rainy season.
Nationwide, over half of the cases are potentially life-threatening malaria tropica caused by Plasmodium falciparum, see Standing Committee for Travel Medicine (StAR) of the DTG.
To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:
- Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
- Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
- If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.
Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.
- Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
- It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.
HIV / AIDS
There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions. In India, the number of infections, mainly from heterosexual intercourse, has increased significantly in recent years.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
Diarrheal diseases are common all over the country all year round, see information sheet on diarrheal diseases. Even in cities, tap water is often of poor drinking water quality. The risk of infection from salmonella, shigella, amoeba, lamblia and worm diseases, hepatitis A and E exists nationwide. Many typhoid germs are multi-resistant, i.e. antibiotics are only poorly effective.
However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
Cholera is transmitted through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food and can therefore be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Only a small part of the people infected with cholera get sick and of these again the majority with a comparatively mild course. The indication for a cholera vaccination is only given very rarely, usually only in the case of special exposures such as working in hospitals with cholera patients, see information sheet on cholera.
- If necessary, seek advice from a tropical or travel doctor with regard to your risk profile.
Nipah virus infection
Occasionally, minor Nipah virus outbreaks have been described in West Bengal, most recently in 2019 in the southern state of Kerala.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is inflammation of the brain caused by viruses. These are transmitted by nocturnal mosquitoes. Pigs and waterfowl in particular are infected with the virus without becoming ill themselves. Diseases in humans are usually asymptomatic, but in rare cases can be severe and then leave permanent damage or be fatal. There are no effective drugs against JE viruses.
There is a low risk of transmission of JE nationwide, especially in the countryside. In the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, there are frequent occurrences of encephalitis and meningitis, the cause of which cannot always be clearly clarified and the various pathogens can be attributed.
- To avoid Japanese encephalitis, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially at night, and seek advice on vaccination.
Influenza (Seasonal Influenza)
The seasonal influenza viruses, including the new influenza A / H1N1 (swine flu), circulate in the Indian subcontinent predominantly during and shortly after the monsoon season. In 2014/2015 and 2018/2019 there was an accumulation of influenza A / H1N1 cases, especially in Delhi and in the states of Haryana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajastan.
Rabies is a deadly infectious disease caused by viruses that are transmitted with the saliva of infected animals or humans. Nationwide, there is a high risk of bite injuries from stray dogs and monkeys. The necessary medical measures after bite injuries in unvaccinated persons are not always possible in India outside of the big cities, e.g. also on the trekking routes in the north, an uninterrupted cold chain of the vaccines is not guaranteed everywhere, see the rabies leaflet.
- A vaccination against rabies is particularly important for travelers to India. Consult a travel or tropical medicine specialist in this regard.
- Avoid contact with stray animals. Don't feed monkeys.
- If you have been vaccinated, seek medical advice immediately after contact with a potentially infected animal or human (bite, licking of injured skin areas or droplets of saliva on the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes)
Tuberculosis is much more common across the country than in Central Europe. It is transmitted from person to person via droplet infection or close contact. Due to improper or discontinued treatments, there are increasing numbers of resistant and multi-resistant tuberculosis pathogens.
North India is a popular destination for trekking tourists who soar to great heights. Often there is not enough time for a gradual height adjustment. Different forms of acute altitude sickness are possible, see information sheet on altitude sickness.
- Before you travel to high altitudes (over 2,300 m), seek individual advice from a doctor who is experienced in altitude medicine before finalizing your travel plans. Travel health insurance that covers the mountain risk (e.g. a helicopter evacuation) is absolutely recommended.
Intense solar radiation, glare from snow and ice, strong winds, extreme cold and impassable or unfamiliar terrain harbor additional risks for travelers at high altitudes. Earthquakes or prolonged precipitation can lead to avalanches, mudslides and slides off entire mountain slopes in endangered areas.
There are no civilian air rescue companies in India for helicopter rescue from mountain distress, only the possibility of an evacuation by the Indian military, which is very bureaucratic and time-consuming. Depending on the location of the accident, the alarm can often only be issued with a very delay, and the use of satellite telephones is strictly prohibited in India. Despite great time pressure due to the need to obtain permits from various government agencies, it can sometimes take several days, especially at weekends, until a search party or a helicopter is ready for action. Due to the weather, the aircraft are not always ready for use and can usually only take off early in the morning in a very narrow time window. The assumption of costs for a rescue must in any case be clarified before the start of the rescue operation and is usually initially borne by the victim himself.
In the south of the country, solar radiation is particularly intense because of the proximity to the equator. Unpleasant and long-term dangerous sunburns are common.
- Make sure you have good sun protection and sufficient fluid intake, especially for children and the elderly.
Dangerous currents repeatedly lead to swimming accidents on the coast. Warnings on the beaches must be observed. Children should never play unsupervised on beaches. Beaches polluted by animal excrement pose a risk of infection for parasitic skin diseases (larva migrans cutanea).
Urban air pollution has increased significantly in recent years. In all Indian metropolises there is also a high level of air pollution from combustion residues and smoke in the winter months. Chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma or COPD can worsen significantly as a result.
Medical care, especially in the event of emergencies or accidents, is inadequate in large parts of the country and mostly does not meet European standards in medical, hygienic, technical and organizational terms. A reliably functioning rescue service does not exist everywhere, even in cities. Language barriers can make communication much more difficult, especially in rural areas.
In the big cities, medical care in all specialist disciplines is usually at a high and very high level and therefore significantly more expensive. In the case of serious illnesses, a medical evacuation to one of the large urban clinics may therefore have to be considered. It is customary there to make a substantial down payment before treatment begins.
The supply of reliable medicines and an uninterrupted cold chain are not guaranteed everywhere. It must be expected that counterfeit products will be sold instead of real drugs, especially in small pharmacies. The pharmacies of the large private clinics offer a wide range of reliable drugs. There are numerous resistances to frequently used antibiotics across the country.
The German representations in India provide information on local medical care.
- If necessary, discuss your travel plans in detail with your treating doctor.
- Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
- Take your individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see the first-aid kit leaflet. Patients with mental illness are advised not to stop taking their medication before or during a trip to India.
- Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical medicine specialists or travel medicine specialists and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.
In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:
- All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
- The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
- All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
- In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always only an offer of advice. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.
Country information about your travel destination
Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.
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