What year was Super Nintendo released for the first time?


Nintendo (jap. 任天堂 Nintendō) is a large Japanese manufacturer of consoles and games and, in addition to the Zelda series, also publishes other game series such as Pokémon and Mario.

The name consists of the three Japanese characters (Kanji) Nin-ten-do. The first two characters mean "Heaven blesses honest work" or "In the hand of heaven / fate" and "dō" is a general suffix for a business.

History [edit]

Nintendo is a Japanese multinational company and was originally founded in Kyoto on September 23, 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and sell Hanafuda playing cards. In the middle of the 20th century, the company tried to set up several small niche businesses, such as a hotel and a taxi company. Over the years, the company has grown into a video game company and is one of the largest in the industry.

More info about Nintendo

In 1949, Hiroshi Yamauchi, the great-grandson of the company founder, took over management of the company, which he was to hold for the next 53 years. From 1977 onwards, Nintendo took its first steps in the video game industry, and it became one of the most successful game and console manufacturers.

Nintendo's story

  • 1889: Fusajiro Yamauchi starts producing "Hanafuda" (Flowers), Japanese playing cards.
  • 1902: Mr. Yamauchi starts production of the first western style playing cards in Japan. Originally intended for export, they are becoming popular in Japan as well as the rest of the world.
  • 1933: A partnership is founded, the Yamauchi Nintendo & Co.
  • 1947: Mr. Yamauchi sets up a distribution company that Marufuku Co. Ltd.
  • 1950: Hiroshi Yamauchi takes over the office of President and heads the production operations of Yamauchi Nintendo & Co.
  • 1951: The company becomes in Nintendo Playing Card Co. Ltd. renamed.
  • 1963: The company becomes in Nintendo Co., Ltd. renamed. In addition to playing cards, other games are now being produced.
  • 1977: Beginning of the “Game & Watch” series, the predecessor of the Game Boy, so to speak, one game at a time, but no interchangeable modules.
  • 1979: Nintendo produces arcade games for amusement arcades for the first time.
  • 1981: Nintendo hits its first arcade hit with the game "Donkey Kong". Shigeru Miyamoto is responsible for the game, who later becomes a video game icon (in addition to Donkey Kong, Miyamoto is the spiritual father of numerous other characters, including Mario (who is still the hero in Donkey Kong Jumpman was called), Yoshi, Fox McCloud from the Starfox games or Link, the hero of the Zelda series).
  • 1982: Nintendo's North American subsidiary is founded in Seattle.
  • 1983: After the video game market collapsed (as it was flooded with cheap games), Nintendo released the Famicom (Family Computer, later known in the West as NES - Nintendo Entertainment System) in Japan and celebrated a success with it.
  • 1985: The NES is released in North America, also a success.
  • 1989: The Game Boy appears in Japan and the USA
  • 1990: Foundation of the European branch in Großostheim (Germany). In the same year, the NES and the Game Boy are also introduced in Europe. Super Mario Bros. 3 will be released on the NES and will sell over 7 million copies worldwide by the end of the year. The Super Famicom (Japanese version of the SNES) appears in Japan.
  • 1991: Nintendo overtakes Toyota as the most successful company in Japan. The SNES - Super Nintendo Entertainment System - appears in the USA.
  • 1992: Publication of the SNES in Europe.
  • 1994: Publication of the Super Game Boy, with which you can play your Game Boy games on the Super Nintendo (and thus on the TV screen) in color.
  • 1995: Release of the "Virtual Boy", a portable console with 3D glasses, which however was not a success and never appears in Europe.
  • 1996: Nintendo 64 released in Japan.
  • 1997: Nintendo 64 is released in Europe.
  • 1999: Game Boy Color released.
  • 2001: Game Boy Advance released.
  • 2002: Release of the GameCube. Furthermore, this year Hiroshi Yamauchi is handing over the management of the company to Satoru Iwata after 53 years.
  • 2003: Release of the Game Boy Advance SP, an open and close version of the Game Boy Advance.
  • 2004: The Nintendo DS is released in Japan and the USA, and the next Nintendo home console is announced, the working title of which is "Nintendo Revolution" and, according to its name, is supposed to cause a stir with a revolutionary control system.
  • 2005: The Nintendo DS is now also released in Europe.
  • 2006: The DS Lite and also the Wii, working title "Revolution", come onto the market.
  • 2008: The DS Lite is released in several colors and for the first time the DSi is introduced and launched in Japan.
  • 2009: Nintendo DSi released in Europe.
  • 2010: The Nintendo DSi XL is released in Europe.
  • 2011: Release of the 3DS, with which it is possible to watch games in 3D without glasses.
  • 2012: The Wii U is released.
  • 2013: The Nintendo 2DS, which can play 3DS games but has no 3D effect, comes on the market.
  • 2016: NES Classic Mini is released.
  • 2017: The Nintendo Switch is released.

Well-known games (series) [edit]

  • The Legend of Zelda (1986)
  • Super mario (1985)
    • Donkey Kong (1981)
    • Mario Kart (1992)
    • Mario Party (1999)
    • Wario (1992)
  • Fire Emblem (1990)
  • Kirby (1992)
  • Metroid (1986)
  • Starfox (1993)
  • Pokémon (1996)
  • Super Smash Bros. (1999)

Consoles [edit]

  • NES (Nintendo Entertainment System) - in Japan “Famicom” (フ ァ ミ コ ン Family; shorter too FC and longer Family computer (フ ァ ミ リ ー コ ン ピ ュ ー タ Famirī Konpyūta))
  • SNES (Super Nintendo Entertainment System; in Japan "Super Famicom")
  • Game Boy (afterwards GB Pocket, GB Light, GB Color, GBA, GBA SP, GB Micro)
  • Nintendo 64
  • Nintendo GameCube
  • Nintendo DS (DS Lite, DSi, DSi XL)
  • Nintendo 3DS (3DS XL, 2DS)
  • Nintendo Wii
  • Wii U
  • Nintendo Switch

Network references [edit]