What is gamma globulin

Albumins & Globulins

Why are the albumin and globulin values ​​measured?

Albumins are proteins with a more or less "spherical" structure. They are also called Globular Proteins designated. 40% of the albumin is in the blood, 60% outside the blood vessels in the tissue. In addition to the albumins, the so-called also come in the blood Globulins in front. Globulins are also "spherical" proteins. 60% of the proteins in the blood are albumins, 40% globulins.

Albumins are mainly produced in the liver. In the case of liver damage, e.g. due to liver cirrhosis, the production of proteins is therefore reduced. If there is not enough albumin in the blood, fluid flows from the blood vessels into the surrounding tissue. This then leads to accumulations of water in the tissue (edema, ascites).

 

What albumin and globulin values ​​should men have?

Lower limit albumins: 35 grams per liter
Upper limit albumins: 52: grams per liter

Lower limit albumins (in percent): 54%
Upper limit albumins (in percent): 65%

Lower limit beta globulin: 8%
Upper limit beta globulin: 15%

Lower limit gamma globulin: 11%
Upper limit of gamma globulin: 22%

 

What albumin or globulin value should women have?

Lower limit albumins: 35 grams per liter
Upper limit albumins: 52: grams per liter

Lower limit albumins (in percent): 54%
Upper limit albumins (in percent): 65%

Lower limit beta globulin: 8%
Upper limit beta globulin: 15%

Lower limit gamma globulin: 11%
Upper limit of gamma globulin: 22%

 

What do low values ​​mean?

Albumin levels that are too low can indicate liver cirrhosis, acute and chronic inflammation, poly- and monoclonal gammopathies, nephrotic syndrome, interstitial nephritis, exudative enteropathy, extensive skin burns or malnutrition.

 

What do high values ​​mean?

Elevated albumin levels can indicate an infection, for example, but they rarely occur.