Farts show up in the cold

Flatulence: These are the most common causes - and that helps

Constant gas, also known as flatulence, is not only an embarrassing but also an uncomfortable condition. Digestive complaints such as bloating, rumbling in the intestines and a painful bloated stomach can significantly reduce the quality of life. The most common causes of too much air in the intestines.

Diet: These foods have a flatulence effect

In most cases, diet is to blame for gas. Some intestines react with increased winds to too much raw food, large amounts of fruit, legumes and bloating vegetables, including onions, cabbage, garlic and peppers. Whole grains can also be a challenge for digestion. Stress and insufficient chewing can also promote flatulence, as can alcohol and sugar substitutes such as sorbitol.

Fructose intolerance: Too much fructose overwhelms the intestines

Fructose is not only found in fruits, vegetables, juices and honey. Fructose is used as a sweetener in many sweets, lemonades, light products and ready meals. However, everyone can only tolerate a certain amount of fructose. This is estimated at 30 to 50 grams per day. For many, this amount is significantly lower.

Certain enzymes in the small intestine (fructose-1-phosphate aldolase) channel the fructose into the body. If the enzymes are overloaded and the sugar reaches the large intestine, it is broken down by the bacteria there. The result is gas, diarrhea, stomach pain and nausea. Experts estimate that around 30 percent of adult Germans have problems with too much fructose, i.e. they suffer from fructose intolerance, also known as fructose malabsorption.

Lactose intolerance: Milk sugar disrupts digestion

In the case of lactose intolerance, i.e. milk sugar intolerance, the small intestine lacks the enzyme lactase, which splits the milk sugar into glucose and galactose. This is how the lactose reaches the large intestine, where it is broken down by the bacteria. Carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen are produced and cause symptoms such as flatulence, diarrhea, abdominal pain and nausea. According to estimates by the German Nutrition Society, around 15 to 20 percent of Germans suffer from lactose intolerance.

Lactose is not only found in milk and dairy products. Most ready-made meals, including bag soups, canned meals, desserts, baking mixes, and frozen foods, contain lactose. This is a popular ingredient for food manufacturers: it is inexpensive, a good stabilizer and flavor carrier and ensures the right consistency and a pleasant mouthfeel for many products. Milk sugar is also often used as a carrier substance in medicines.

Gluten intolerance: when grain makes you gas

A gluten intolerance (celiac disease) is an intolerance to the adhesive protein gluten, which is contained in many types of grain. Those affected react to wheat, spelled, rye, barley and oats with flatulence, chronic diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting. Inflammation develops in the small intestine due to the body's immune reaction, which in the long term damages the intestinal mucosa. Malnutrition can occur. According to the German Celiac Society, around one in 100 people is affected in Germany. However, not all show severe indigestion.

This helps against flatulence

With the triggers just mentioned, it usually helps to reduce the amount and take enough time to eat - and chew. Small portions of food generally relieve the digestion. Movement also supports the intestine in its work. Caraway and fennel tea have an antispasmodic effect. In acute cases, short-term defoaming preparations, for example with the active ingredients simethicone and dimethicone, help against flatulence.

When to see a doctor with flatulence

Wind leaks with a frequency of more than 20 to 30 times a day are no longer normal, according to the Deutsche Gastro-Liga e.V. Then a doctor should clarify the cause. Especially if the flatulence cannot be relieved with home remedies and a nutritional adjustment and there are other complaints such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting or even blood in the stool. There are many possible triggers for flatulence and severe digestive problems. An irritable stomach, chronic intestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis as well as tumors can be possible triggers. Often, food intolerances such as fructose intolerance, lactose intolerance and celiac disease are behind the symptoms.

Important NOTE: The information in no way replaces professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.

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