Which power supply unit does the instrumentation engineer recruit through GATE
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
|Art||Computerized standardized test|
|Developer / Administrator||Carried out jointly by IISc and 7 IITs on behalf of the National Coordinating Committee - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Personnel Development, Government of India.|
|Knowledge / skills tested||Bachelor knowledge of the chosen engineering discipline or Master’s knowledge of the chosen scientific discipline.|
|purpose||Admission as an engineer after graduation, verification of engineering professions for beginners.|
|The year has started||1983 (38 years ago) (1983)|
|Score / grade range|| Marked (not scaled) of 100 in steps of 0.33 points. |
Score (scaled) of 1000 in steps of 1 point.
|Score / grade validity||3 years (from GATE 2014).|
|Offered||Once a year (usually the 1st and 2nd week of February).|
|Countries / regions||Over 660 centers in India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and the United Arab Emirates.|
|Annual number of test participants||A total of 858,890 students applied for GATE 2020 for all 25 subjects, including a new subject - Biomedical Engineering in 2020, but only 685,088 students showed up for the test (79.76%).|
|Requirements / admission criteria||Students or graduates with a bachelor's degree (or equivalent) in engineering / architecture or a master's degree (or equivalent) in science can apply for Gate.|
|fee|| INR £ 750 for Indian women, SC, ST and physically challenged candidates. |
INR £ 1500 for all other Indian candidates.
$ 50 for international candidates.
|Notes / notes from||Various Indian engineering schools offering post graduate education, several Indian public sector companies hiring engineers, etc.|
|Qualification rate||18.8% (in 2020).|
|website||www .gate .iitb .ac .in (for GATE 2021)|
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering ( GATE ) is an exam that primarily tests a comprehensive understanding of various bachelor's subjects in engineering and natural sciences for admission to the master’s degree and to a job in public sector companies. GATE is carried out jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes for Technologies in Roorkee, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Chennai (Madras) and Mumbai (Bombay) on behalf of the National Coordination Board - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India.
A candidate's GATE rating reflects a candidate's relative level of performance. The score is used for admission to various postgraduate education programs (e.g. Master of Engineering, Master of Technology, Master of Architecture, Doctor of Philosophy) in Indian higher education institutions that are funded by MHRD and other government agencies. More recently, GATE scores are also being used by several public sector companies in India to recruit graduate engineers into entry level positions. It is one of the most competitive exams in India. GATE is also recognized by various institutes outside of India, such as the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.
Financial support for postgraduate programs
The GATE is used as a requirement for financial support (e.g. scholarships) for a number of programs, although the criteria differ depending on the host institution. In December 2015, the University Grants Commission and MHRD announced that the scholarship for GATE-qualified Masters students will be increased by 55% from ₹ 8,000 (US $ 110) per month to ₹ 12,400 (US $ 170) per month.
Eligibility to participate
The following students can take part in GATE:
- Bachelor graduates in engineering / technology / architecture (3 years after 10 + 2/10 + 2 + 3 (ongoing) / 10 + 2 + 4 (ongoing) / Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who Such programs are in the last year (also the previous year from B.tech).
- Masters degrees in any branch of science / math / statistics / computer applications or equivalent, as well as those who are in the final year of such programs.
- Candidates in the second or higher year of a four-year integrated master's degree (Post-B.Sc.) In engineering / technology.
- Candidates in the fourth or higher year of a five-year integrated master’s degree or a dual degree in engineering / technology.
- Candidates with qualifications obtained as equivalent through exams from UGC / AICTE recognized professional societies (e.g. AMIE from IE (India), AMICE from Institute of Civil Engineers (India) -ICE (I), AMIETE from IETE (India)) became BE / B.Tech.
Eligible are also those who have completed Section A or an equivalent degree from these professional courses.
There is no age limit criterion set by the examining authority to appear in GATE.
Disciplines, structure, curriculum and grading scheme
GATE is currently being carried out in the following 27 disciplines. A candidate can choose one of these.
The paper sections under XE *, XL ** and XH *** are defined by some special codes, which are listed in the table below:
Duration and type of examination
The exam lasts 3 hours and contains a total of 65 questions with a maximum of 100 points. The examination of all work is carried out in an online CBT (Computer Based Test) mode, in which the questions are shown to the candidates in a random order on a computer screen. The questions consist of a few multiple choice questions or MCQs (four answer options, only ONE of which is correct and needs to be selected). The remaining questions can be multiple-select questions or MSQs (four answer options, ONE or MORE than ONE is / are correct, so the correct options must be selected) and / or questions or NATs with a numeric answer type (answer is a real number), to be entered using an on-screen keyboard and a computer mouse).
Questions and grading scheme
The exam consists of a total of 65 questions, which are divided into one-point and two-point questions. Out of 65 questions, 10 come from general aptitude (verbal and numerical ability) and 55 from technical questions, based on the selected paper. The General Suitability section contains 5 one-point questions and 5 two-point questions, which is about 15% of the overall grades. The technical area and the technical mathematics area together comprise 25 one-point questions and 30 two-point questions, which corresponds to about 85% of the total grades. Additionally, all sections may contain some multiple choice questions or MCQs, while the remaining questions may be multiple select questions or MSQs and / or numeric answer type questions or NATs. The exam gives negative marks for incorrect MCQ answers. Usually 1/3 of the original grades are subtracted for incorrect MCQ answers (i.e. -0.33 for incorrect one-mark answers and -0.66 for incorrect two-mark answers) while there are no negative marks for MSQs and NATs are. There is also NO partial credit for MSQs and NATs.
Result and test result
GATE results are usually announced about a month after the exams are completed. The results show the overall grades achieved by a candidate, the GATE score, the All India Rank (AIR), and the cut-off grades for different categories in the candidate's work. The score is valid for 3 years from the date the GATE results are announced. The scorecards will only be given to qualified candidates.
Normalized GATE Score (new procedure)
Calculation of the "normalized grades" for subjects who were held in several sessions (CE, CS, EC, EE and ME):
M. G t = Average grade of the best 0.1% candidates in all sessions in this subject.
M. G q = Mean + standard deviation of the grades of all candidates in all sessions in this subject.
M. ti = Average grade of the best 0.1% candidates in the i- th Session of this subject.
M. iq = Mean + standard deviation of the grades of all candidates in the i- th Session of this subject.
From 2014, the examination for CE, CS, EC, ME and EE subjects will be held in several sessions. Appropriate normalization is therefore applied to these topics to account for deviations in the difficulty levels of the question sets across different sessions. Normalization is based on the basic assumption that "in all GATE papers with several meetings the distribution of the candidates' skills is the same across all meetings" . According to the GATE Committee, this assumption is justified because "the number of candidates appearing in GATE 2014 in subjects with multiple meetings is large and the procedure for assigning the meeting to the candidates is random. The subject of the meeting, the number of candidates that are allocated in each session is of the same order of magnitude. "
Based on the above and taking into account various normalization methods, the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized grades for CE, CS, EC, EE, and ME subjects:
Normalized marking (︿ M. ij ) of j- th Candidates in the i- th Session is given by
- M. ij is the actual score obtained by the j- te Candidate in the i- th Session received.
- M. G t is the average grade of the best 0.1% candidates in all sessions in this subject.
- M. G q is the sum of the mean and standard deviation of the grades of all candidates in all sessions in this subject.
- M. ti is the average of the grades of the best 0.1% candidates in the i- th Session of this subject.
- M. iq is the sum of the mean and standard deviation of the grades of all candidates in the i- th Session of this subject.
After evaluating the responses, normalized grades are calculated based on the above formula using the raw (actual) grades obtained from a candidate in the CE, CS, EC, EE, or ME subject. The "score" is calculated using these normalized marks. For all other subjects (whose tests are carried out in a single session), the marks actually achieved by the candidates are used to calculate the number of points.
Calculation of the GATE score for all subjects (single and multiple sessions):
M. q = Qualification grades for candidates in the general category.
M. t = Average grade of the best 0.1% candidates (for subjects with 10,000 or more candidates) or the 10 best candidates (for subjects with fewer than 10,000 candidates).
S. q = 350.
S. t = 900.
Note: For subjects with multiple sessions (EC, CS, ME, EE and CE) "grades" are the "normalized grades".
From GATE 2014 (and the year 2014-15 of the 2-year validity period of the GATE 2013 score), the GATE score of a candidate is calculated using the following new formula. Where,
- S. = Score (normalized) of a candidate,
- M. = grades received from a candidate ("normalized grades" for subjects with multiple sessions CE, CS, EC, EE and ME),
- M. q = Qualification grades for general category candidates in this subject (usually 25 or μ + σ, whichever is greater),
- μ = average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of the grades of all candidates in this subject,
- σ = standard deviation of the grades of all candidates in this subject,
- M. t = Average grade of the best 0.1% candidates (for subjects with 10,000 or more candidates) or the 10 best candidates (for subjects with fewer than 10,000 candidates),
- S. t = 900 = score that M. t was assigned,
- S. q = 350 = M. q assigned score.
A candidate's percentile indicates the percentage of candidates who score fewer points than that particular candidate. It is calculated as:
Percentile = (1 - All of India rank /. Number of candidates in this subject ) x 100%
Up to GATE 2012 (and the year 2013-14 of the 2-year validity period of the GATE 2013 score) the score was calculated using the following formula:
GATE score =
- m = grades received from the candidate,
- a = Average of the grades of all candidates who appeared in this subject this year, with grades below zero converted to zero.
- S. = Standard deviation of the grades of all candidates who appeared in this subject this year, with grades below zero converted to zero.
- a G = Global average of the grades of all candidates who have appeared in all subjects in the last and last 5 years (ie 2010 to 2013 for GATE 2013), with grades below zero being converted to zero.
- s G = Global standard deviation of the grades of all candidates who have occurred in all subjects in the last and last 5 years (ie 2010 to 2013 for GATE 2013), with grades below zero being converted to zero.
The rules for qualification vary from year to year. The qualification grades (out of 100) are different for different subjects and categories.
Here μ is the average (i.e. the arithmetic mean) of the grades of all candidates in the subject (with negative grades converted to zero) and σ is the standard deviation of all grades in this subject.
Usually the general category qualification grade is in the range of 25 to 50.
In 2008, the Government of India raised reservations about other backward classes in college admission and public sector recruitment. Before that, all OBC candidates were included in the "General" category. At that time there was no separate OBC category.
The following line diagram shows the number of registered, appeared and qualified candidates (total of all subjects).
|year||Registered||Appeared||Qualified||Percentage of appeared who qualified||References)|
|2008||Over 180,000 *||Over 170,000 *|
|2009||Over 230,000 *||Over 210,000 *|
|2010||Over 415,000 *|
|2011||Over 553,000 *|
|2015||927.580||804,463|| 121.060 |
[13,874 general category candidates who were above the OBC (NCL) qualifying mark but below the general category qualifying mark received scorecards. But they didn't qualify.]
* Exact figures are currently not available.
The following line graph shows the variation in Number of candidates who in the 5 subjects with the largest number of candidates since GATE 2010:
|year||Electronics and communication technology||Computer science and information technology||mechanical engineering||Electrical engineering||Civil engineering||Other||total||References)|
|2010||104,291||107.086||59.338||52,246||19.406||Over 72,000 *||Over 415,000 *|
|2011||137.853||136.027||81,175||72.680||29.347||Over 96,000 *||Over 553,000 *|
* Exact figures are currently not available.
Goal statistics by years
|GATE 2012 statistics|
The three-hour test in 21 articles was conducted over two days in 860 centers and 170 cities across the country: the computer-based online exam in six articles on January 29, 2012, and the offline exam in the remaining fifteen articles on February 12, 2012. A total of 7,77,134 candidates registered for GATE 2012 and 6,86,614 candidates applied for the exam. Almost 81% of the total number of candidates who appeared for GATE 2012 came from four articles: Electronics and Communication Technology (1,76,944), Computer Science and Information Technology (1,56,780), Mechanical Engineering (1,12,320) and Electrical Engineering (1,10,125 ).
The thematic distribution of the 686,614 published Candidates in GATE 2012
Electronics and communications technology (EG) (25.77%)
Computer Science and Information Technology (CS) (22.83%)
Mechanical engineering (ME) (16.34%)
Electrical engineering (EE) (16.04%)
Civil Engineering (CE) (5.27%)
Instrumentation Engineering (IN) (3.13%)
Chemical engineering (CH) (1.66%)
Categorical distribution of the 108,526 qualified Candidates in GATE 2012
General Category (GN) (50.19%)
Other reverse classes (OBC) (27.91%)
Planned Box (SC) and Planned Strains (ST) (21.90%)
The total number of candidates qualified in GATE 2012 is 1,08,526. That year, 30,294 OBC candidates qualified for the test, while 23,765 SC / ST and 447 physically challenged candidates qualified. Of the 1,85,198 female candidates who appeared in GATE 2012, 22,896 candidates qualified.
The IIT zone in Delhi topped the list of qualified candidates with 18,927 candidates, followed by IIT Madras (17,343), IIT Kharagpur (15,735), IISc Bangalore (14,379), IIT Kanpur (12,469) and IIT Roorkee (12,328) ), IIT Bombay (12,287) and IIT Guwahati (5,058).
|GATE 2013 statistics|
A total of 1,200,728 candidates registered for GATE 2013 and 984,855 candidates (82.02%) applied for the exam, of which 136,699 (13.88%) qualified for GATE 2013.
The three-hour test was carried out over two days over a total of four sessions. The computerized online exam for 2.02.223 candidates in fifteen papers was conducted on January 20, 2013 in 572 centers in 123 cities across the country. The offline exam for 9.98,505 candidates in the remaining six papers was conducted in 992 centers spread across 183 cities across the country on February 10, 2013.
A larger proportion of the registered men (88%) appeared as candidates for the examination (72%). Almost 81% of the total number of candidates who appeared for GATE 2013 came from four articles: Electronics and Communication Technology (2,56,135), Computer Science and Information Technology (2,24,160), Mechanical Engineering (1,65,814) and Electrical Engineering (1,52,381 ).
Women made up 20.9% of all qualified candidates. According to the category information provided by the candidate (General, OBC-NC, SC, and ST), 72,125 qualified candidates belong to General, 41,237 to OBC-NC, 18,936 to SC, and 4,401 to ST. The physically challenged candidates included a total of 1,136 qualified candidates in various categories.
The top five states that qualified candidates as permanent residents were Andhra Pradesh (22,476), Uttar Pradesh (22,400), Maharashtra (9,951), Bihar (9,820) and Kerala (8,992).
The city of New Delhi has the maximum number of qualified candidates who have given this as their correspondence address. "Correspondence address city" has a slightly different meaning than "Permanent State". While the permanent state of residence often refers to the "native" state or state in which your parents / guardians live, the correspondence city mainly refers to the current place of residence, which is more likely to be the place of study or employment.
The thematic distribution of the 984,855 published Candidates in GATE 2013
Electronics and communications technology (EG) (26.0%)
Computer Science and Information Technology (CS) (22.8%)
Mechanical engineering (ME) (16.8%)
Electrical engineering (EE) (15.5%)
Civil Engineering (CE) (6.9%)
Instrumentation Engineering (IN) (2.9%)
Biotechnology (BT) (1.6%)
Chemical engineering (CH) (1.5%)
Life Sciences (XL) (1.3%)
Chemistry (CY) (1.2%)
Permanent state distribution of the 136,699 qualified Candidates in GATE 2013
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