What degrees do clinical psychologists need

How many ECTS in clinical psychology / psychotherapy do I have to show in order to meet the entry requirements for training as a psychological psychotherapist?

Until the introduction of the bachelor's / master’s degree, a diploma in psychology, in which the subject clinical psychology was completed, qualified for training as a psychological psychotherapist. The general examination regulations for diploma psychology stipulated eight semester hours per week for basic training (not specialization) in clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This corresponds to 12-16 ECTS. However, this can only be viewed as a non-binding guide when planning your studies. In our opinion, only the wording in the law according to which the subject "Clinical Psychology" must be part of the course is legally binding. This can be proven by the fact that this subject appears in the diploma certificate (also in the combination of "clinical psychology and psychotherapy"); With regard to the Masters, the completion of a module "Clinical Psychology" should be legally sufficient. Nevertheless, some state examination offices require a minimum scope (from nine study points).

Does the module clinical psychology / psychotherapy have to be taken in the Bachelor or Master?

In the current legal basis - the Psychotherapists Act - this is not explicitly regulated. It is at the discretion of the state examination offices to decide whether it is sufficient to be able to present a module in the subject of clinical psychology / psychotherapy in the bachelor's degree, or whether the module in clinical psychology / psychotherapy in the master's degree has to be completed. You can obtain information on this from the state examination office of the federal state in which the training institute to which you want to apply is located (list of state examination offices). Most state examination offices, however, require at least one module in clinical psychology as part of the master’s degree.

I completed a six-semester bachelor's and a two-semester master's in psychology (e.g. in the Netherlands) - a total of eight semesters of psychology. Do I meet the admission requirements for training

In the current legal basis - the Psychotherapists Act - the period of study is not explicitly stated. It is therefore at the discretion of the state examination offices to decide whether an eight-semester bachelor's / master's degree in psychology is sufficient. However, some state examination offices require a nine-semester bachelor's / master's degree in psychology, as the standard period of study for the diploma course in psychology was nine semesters. You can obtain information on this from the state examination office of the federal state in which the training institute to which you want to apply is located (list of state examination offices). However, as a non-binding guide, the general examination regulations for diploma psychology stipulate a scope of study that corresponds to 270 ECTS, which can also be achieved in eight semesters if necessary.

I have a Masters in Clinical Psychology. Do I meet the admission requirements for training as a psychological psychotherapist?

There is currently no legal regulation as to whether a degree in bachelor's / master's degree programs that are not named "Psychology" is sufficient as an entry requirement for training as a psychological psychotherapist. Here, too, the respective state examination office decides whether a master’s degree in "Clinical Psychology" or another named master’s (e.g. neurocognitive psychology) is sufficient to meet the admission criteria for training as a psychological psychotherapist. You can obtain information on this from the state examination office of the federal state in which the training institute to which you want to apply is located (list of state examination offices). With "hyphenated degrees" it is important that you have taken a module in "Clinical Psychology / Psychotherapy".

My diploma or master’s degree does not include a module (no final subject) in clinical psychology or psychotherapy. Is it possible to subsequently take courses in clinical psychology / psychotherapy at a psychological institute

"Follow-up exams" at universities for separate modules - e.g. in clinical psychology or psychotherapy - are currently not possible. The reason for this is that there is no course for individual modules and the capacity of the courses is precisely calculated for a certain number of students. Therefore, (partial) admission for individual modules is not possible. Furthermore, the currently valid Psychotherapists Act requires a university degree in psychology, which includes the subject of clinical psychology. To what extent a state examination office would allow a subsequently completed module or a corresponding examination (outside of the course) is currently not clear. Therefore, according to our information, there are currently no corresponding offers.

I have a bachelor's and / or master's degree (psychology; clinical psychology; rehabilitation psychology, etc.) at a (technical) college (not a university). Do I meet the admission requirements for training for

For training as a psychological psychotherapist, the Psychotherapists Act requires a final examination in the course of study in psychology to be passed at a university or an equivalent college, which includes the subject of clinical psychology (or an equivalent degree obtained abroad). With the exception of the federal states of Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg, a university master's degree in psychology is required as a prerequisite for training as a psychological psychotherapist. Most state examination offices also require that, in addition to the university master’s, this is only recognized in combination with a university bachelor’s degree in psychology. This means that in these countries (e.g. Berlin) a combination of a bachelor's degree in psychology at a (technical) university and a subsequent master's degree at a university is not sufficient as an entry requirement. In this case, before starting a post-graduate training course, it is absolutely necessary - usually in cooperation with a state-recognized training institute - to involve the respective state examination offices in case of doubt and to arrange for an examination of the entry requirements. You can obtain information on this from the state examination office of the federal state in which the training institute to which you want to apply is located (list of state examination offices).

I have a bachelor's degree in social education. Do I meet the entry requirements for training as a child and adolescent psychotherapist?

The current legal situation - the Psychotherapists Act - requires for the training to become a child and adolescent psychotherapist either a final examination in the course of studies in psychology, which includes the subject clinical psychology, passed in Germany at a university or an equivalent university, or one at a state or state A recognized university passed the final examination in the courses of study in education or social education (or an equivalent degree obtained abroad; Section 5 (2) PsychThG). For the bachelor's / master’s degree programs, it currently depends on the respective federal state whether a bachelor’s degree in a (social) educational subject is sufficient or whether a master’s degree is required. The respective state examination offices provide information on this (list of state examination offices).

Central organizations such as the German Psychotherapist Day (DPT) and the Federal Working Group of the Supporting Associations of State-Recognized Training Institutes for Psychological Psychotherapy and Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy (BAG) require a master's degree as an entry requirement for child and adolescent psychotherapy training (explanation for the master's degree).

The federal working group of leading clinicians for child and adolescent psychiatry, psychosomatics and psychotherapy also requires a master’s degree as a basic qualification for practical work in psychiatric clinics as part of the training to become a child and adolescent psychotherapist.

For people with a bachelor's or master's degree in psychology, the criteria already mentioned for training as a psychological psychotherapist apply.

Which other professional qualifications apply as entry requirements for training as a child and adolescent psychotherapist?

According to the current legal situation (Section 5, Paragraph 2 PsychThG), training to become a child and adolescent psychotherapist is required either to pass a final examination in the course of study in psychology, which includes the subject of clinical psychology, or a A final examination passed at a state or state-recognized university in the degree programs in pedagogy or social pedagogy (or an equivalent degree obtained abroad) is required.

Some state examination offices are currently examining whether degrees in educational science are equivalent to a pedagogy degree and whether a degree in social work can also be regarded as equivalent to social pedagogy.