When does the judiciary interpret the law?

District Court Düsseldorf: Legal dictionary

What is a district court?

A lawsuit often begins at the local court.
A district court is often the first competent court.
The most important areas in the district court are:

  • Civil court
  • Family court
  • Criminal court

There is help for people there
with a legal problem.

Many cities have their own local court.
Not all problems can be solved at the local court.
That is why there are other dishes.

What is a defendant?

A person is said to have committed a criminal act.
In the time leading up to the judgment, this person is called the accused.
If the person is convicted
so they are called convicts.
If the person is acquitted,
so they are called acquitted.

What is a resolution?

A decision is a decision of the court.
It is done by judges or law enforcement officers.
The decision has different legal means than the judgment.

What is the Federal Central Register?

A person committed a criminal act.
This criminal act is recorded in the federal central register.
There are the criminal acts of everyone.

What is justice?

The judiciary is an important part of a state.
The judiciary ensures compliance with laws and rules.
The judiciary decides
who is right.
The judiciary includes, for example:
the courts and the prisons.

Offer money

What is Justice Auction?

Justice auction is a heavy word.
It consists of justice
and auction.

What is an auction?

An auction is an auction.
People offer money for things.
Who offers more,
get the things.

What is a country court?

The law says whether you can
to the country court or
must go to the local court.

There is a district court in many cities.
A country court is only in a few cities.

Sometimes a person is dissatisfied with a decision made by the local court.
She then appeals to the law.
Then the country court decides.
Then the regional court is called: second instance.

What is a client?

Whoever hires the lawyer is a client.
Client is another word for customer.

What is a notary?

A notary advises people.
He makes applications for them
or make a contract.
People need a notary, for example when:

  • You want to buy an apartment or a house
  • You want to conclude an inheritance contract.

He helps to prepare all documents.

What is a lawyer?

The lawyer knows the law well.
A legal attorney helps people with legal issues.
For example, in an argument.

The lawyer represents his client in court.
He works with the judge
And with the state attorney.

Anyone can get help from a lawyer.

What is a legal remedy?

You can take action against a judgment.
There are different ways of doing this.
These are called legal means.
You have to apply for it.
They have different names:

  • vocation
  • complaint
  • Revision.

The right legal remedy is in place
in resolution
or in judgment.
It also says how long you have time.
You can't wait too long.

What is a legal guardian?

A legal guardian takes over some of the judge's duties.
He decides just as independently as a judge.

What is a judge?

A judge works at the court.
He decides on a dispute.
He says who is right
or wrong.
The decision is called judgment.

The judge is independent.
Nobody is allowed to give him orders.
The judge only decides according to the law.

All people are equal before the judge.

What is a meeting appointment?

The court sets the date for the session.
Meeting appointment is a difficult word.
It consists of a session
and appointment.

A meeting is a meeting of many people.
There you discuss your problem.

An appointment is made by a date, a place
and set a clock time.

What is a state attorney?

The state attorney works for the state attorney.
A state attorney has important duties.
He checks:

  • whether a person has committed a criminal act.
  • or not.

The state attorney is checking what happened.
That can put a strain on the person
or relieve.

If the state attorney finds the person guilty,
he sends the lawsuit to the court.
There the judge decides.

What is a criminal act?

Who steals something
or cheat on someone
commits a criminal act,
because it's against the law.

There are even more criminal offenses in the law.

What is a judgment?

A judge decides.
That's called a judgment.
With that he ends the argument.

There are legal remedies against the judgment.

What is an oath?

In court you have to tell the truth.
You have to promise the judge that.

This promise is called swearing in.

What is a negotiation?

A negotiation is a meeting.

A dispute is to be ended in the negotiation.

What is a witness?

Witnesses are people.
These people saw something
or heard.
This is important for the court.
Therefore the court invites the witness.
The witness has to come to court.
The judge helps the witness.

The witness tells
what he saw or heard.
That is his duty.
There are exceptions.
Sometimes you can be silent.
The judge explains the exceptions.

A witness has to tell the truth.
The witness may be unsure.
The witness has to say that.

The witness gets money as compensation,
For coming.
This is called:
Witness compensation.