How is the Kenyan education

Improvement of dual vocational training in Kenya

Brief description of the project

Description:Youth employment and vocational training in Kenya
Client: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Kenya
Lead executing agency:Ministry of Education (MoE)
Total duration: 2019 to 2020

initial situation

Kenya is one of the ten leading economies in sub-Saharan Africa. The country has enjoyed economic success in recent years. Kenya is the most industrially developed country in East Africa. Nevertheless, the industry's contribution to overall economic output remained at the same level at around 20 percent.

There is a lack of jobs for the growing young population. At the same time, there is a lack of qualified specialists in industry to increase productivity and promote growth. This deficiency is mainly due to a less employment-oriented but theory-heavy vocational training in Kenya.

In order to counteract growing youth unemployment, the Kenyan government has given vocational training a higher priority in the recent past. The government plans to implement vocational training reform to improve the access, quality and relevance of training. The private sector should continue to be more involved in the design and implementation of vocational training. So far, however, there is a lack of experience and good examples of how cooperation with the private sector in vocational training can be intensified and institutionalized more strongly. One solution could be dual training, in which individual training modules take place in the company. However, the content, personnel and organizational requirements for the experimental implementation of employment-oriented and dual vocational training are inadequate.


The content, personnel and organizational requirements for employment-oriented and dual vocational training have been improved.


The project works primarily in the greater Nairobi area. A large part of the Kenyan industry is located here.

The project supports selected industrial companies in developing competencies and providing advice. The companies should take an active role in the development and implementation of dual training. The project also promotes the development of skills and competencies and supports organizational development in selected state training institutions. They are enabled to implement the school part of the training in close coordination with the participating companies. Finally, dual vocational training is to be firmly anchored as an innovative model through the Kenyan vocational training reform. In this context, the project advises the responsible state vocational training centers.