What's the best startup in Malawi
According to the 1995 constitution, Malawi is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. Five governments have been elected since 1995.
With an annual per capita income of EUR 283 (World Bank 2017), Malawi is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world and ranks 171st out of 188 in the United Nations Human Development Index (2017). Malawi has a population of around 17.5 million and is experiencing rapid population growth, which poses major problems for the country in terms of food security and the provision of social services. Other obstacles that slow down the country's development are the unequal distribution of income, poor access to education and basic medical care, a very high prevalence of HIV / AIDS, high dependence on rain-fed agriculture, lack of access to energy, climate change as well a poorly developed private sector.
The current government has set itself the goal of eradicating poverty by pursuing a broad policy to promote economic development. All development measures are based on the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MDGS) III. GIZ works with local and international partners to reduce poverty, improve basic education and health care over the long term, and promote the private sector.
German-Malawian development cooperation currently focuses on the following three sectors:
- Health and healthcare
- Private sector development
- public finance and social security
German development cooperation currently focuses on strengthening the health system for mothers and newborns, which is sufficient. The Health Sector Reforms component, together with the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP), is promoting the decentralization of the sector, the modernization of central hospitals and the financing of the health system. The Quality Management component supports the relevant departments of the MoHP in the implementation of national policies and strategies in the areas of quality, data management and data use as well as youth-friendly health services. The Human Resourses for Health component, in turn, supports the MoHP and other relevant institutions in improving the education and training of health care personnel.
The main objective in the field of the development of the education sector is to improve primary school teacher training, as well as to develop the capacities of the teachers who teach in the country's higher education institutions. In addition, the MoHP is to be supported in the introduction of revised curricula for primary schools and self-developed programs for school meals.
Private sector activity leads to higher productivity and an increase in the incomes of Malawian smallholders, thereby creating more employment in the agri-food sector. This in turn increases food security, promotes the development of value chains and ensures that farmers are provided with specialist knowledge, important innovations and technologies within the framework of the Farmer Field Schools (FFS).
GIZ also works on behalf of BMZ in the field of public finance management and social insurance.
The strategy of German development cooperation in Malawi focuses on developing the capacities of the public finance and economic administration institutions so that they can carry out their tasks efficiently, responsibly and transparently. German Technical Cooperation supports the institutions in all phases of the budget cycle of public finance management, from budget planning and forecasting through budget implementation to supervision and control by internal and external bodies.
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