How Backwater researches Kerala tourism

Kerala - Ayurveda, beaches, culture, nature: India from its most beautiful side

Thiruvananthapuram - formerly Trivandum

Located on the Malavar Coast, it is the southernmost city of Kerala, only 30 km from the Tamil Nadu border. It is also the capital of Kerala.

  • Napier Museum, built in 1880, houses valuable collections of archaeological and historical artifacts. Bronze gods, historical ornaments, a temple chariot, ivory carvings, musical instruments and other religious objects

  • Thiruvananthapuram Zoo, the oldest zoo in India

  • Connemara Market

  • The CVN Kalari - the center of the Indian martial art Kalaripayattu

  • an Ayurveda clinic that trains students for all over the world

  • Padmanabhapuram palace made of teak and granite in the most beautiful Kerala architecture

Kozhikode, formerly Calicut

There is not much left of the old Calicut in the trading city in the far north of Kerala. The religious diversity that the history of Kerala has brought with it is reflected here everywhere. There are numerous temples, mosques and churches. The Thali Siva Temple, whose roots go back to the 14th century, should be emphasized.

A few miles outside you come to Baypore. This was an important fishing port in earlier times.

Kappad, in which Vasco Da Gama set his feet on Indian soil for the first time, is not far either. There an 800 year old rock temple juts out of the sea.

The backwaters are also waiting for you here. The backwaters are a network of waterways spanning almost the entire coast with a unique ecosystem.

Kochi, formerly Cochin

In the 14th century, a flood disaster destroyed the ancient city of Muziri and created the harbor basin of Kochi. From then on, the spice trade with the Middle East and China continued to grow and made Kochi a flourishing trading city. You can still see the influence of the Dutch, Portuguese and English in the cityscape.

Tourist Attractions:

Fort Kochi

Fort Kochi is a peninsula. Fort Kochi is particularly famous for the picturesque Chinese fishing nets, which were introduced by Chinese merchants as early as the 13th century.

There is also the grave of Vasco da Gama, whose bones were transferred to Lisbon in the 16th century.

The oldest church on Indian soil, the St Francis Church can also be found in Fort Kochi.

The size Santa Cruz Basilica is also located here.


A really historic district. The Jewish synagogue was built here in the 16th century and can still be admired today.

Also in the 16th century the Mattancherry Palace was built here by the Portuguese as a gift for the Raja of Cochin.

The Dutch renovated and expanded the building in the 17th century, which explains the name “Dutch Palace”.

Bolghatty Island

Also a "Dutch Palace”, Which can easily lead to confusion with the Mattancherry Palace. The Bolghatty Palace was built by the Dutch in the 18th century.

Vypeen Island

It's getting more Portuguese here. The fortress Palliport, built by the Portuguese, towers over the island.

Elephant rearing station in Kodanad

About 45 km outside is the largest elephant reception station in South India. An absolutely worth seeing place.


Of Theyyam we have already reported above. If you want to experience it for once, then you have come to the right place from October to May.

There are also large monuments and memorials such as the St. Angelo Fort, which was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century, or the Sri Muthappan Temple - a famous temple in Parassinikadavu (approx. 16 km outside)


The backwaters stretch over an area of ​​1900 km² from the south in Kochi to high in Kerala's north to Kochi. A visit to Kerala without a trip to the backwaters is simply incomplete. You can cruise the backwaters from almost any city. For centuries, the backwaters have served as a traffic route among the people of Kerala.

Today there are many villages and towns in the backwaters. That is why the ecosystem is very much shaped by humans, which unfortunately also brings with it a lot of pollution. As the backwaters are becoming more and more touristy, Kerala is forced to take much better care of the nature and the integrity of the backwaters.


This port city on the Arabian Sea is connected to the backwaters as well as to the sea. The winding old town is very charming. This is also a good starting point for cruises in the backwaters.

Art is also special in Kollam. Christian icon painters met Hindu artists. You can visit the result in the Velamkianni shrine.


The city emerged around the 2000 year old Sri Dhanurmadhyambigai Sametha Sri Vilavanadeeswarar Temple.

A place for sporty adventurers: this is where the flows Karamana River that is great for canoeing, kayaking, or fishing.


Nestled between lush rice fields, plateaus and large rubber plantations is what is probably the most beautiful stretch of land in Kerala. Elathur, the Canoli Canal and the Kallai River are popular spots for exploring the backwaters by boat.

The place is special because of the bird sanctuary, which is also home to many migratory birds.


Between Allepey and the Western Ghats lies Kottayam, bounded by the Meenachil and Kodoor Rivers and Lake Vembanad.

The cityscape is shaped equally by temples, mosques and churches.

Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple from the 16th century - a very typical Kerala Shiva temple, richly painted inside with pictures from the history of the gods. He is known v. a. through the annual temple festival, whose Aaraattu ceremony attracts many onlookers.

Around Kottayam there are other temples dedicated to Shiva: Ettumanoor Mahadeva, Kaduthuruthy Mahadeva, Vaikom Mahadeva and Thiruvayamkudy Mahadeva.

Thazhathangady Juma Masjid - One of the oldest mosques in India, probably from the 10th century. The interior walls are completely covered with wood carvings that are worth seeing.

St. Mary’s Valia Palli - The first church to be built here in 1550 by Syrian Orthodox Knanaya Christians from West Asia.

St. Mary’s Cheria Palli is the smaller of the two churches. It was built in 1579 by Malankara Orthodox Syrian Christians.

Both churches are very similar to temples. However, the wall paintings depict Christian themes.

Lurdes Forane Church, Good Shepherd Church, Vimalagiri Cathedral and Christhuraja Cathedral are other churches in Kottayam. The St. Mary's Church in Athirampuzha (approx. 10 km away) is said to have been built in the 4th century.


Everyone in Kerala knows Thrissur, because that's where you will find what has already been described above Thrissur - Puram. This is not the only reason why Thrissur is considered the cultural capital of Kerala. This is where the prestigious Natanakairali Center is located, which researches and passes on the traditional performing arts of Kerala, and Thissur also has other training centers for Indian art, music and literature.

Well worth seeing here Vadakkunathan Templewho is dedicated to the god Shiva. With an area of ​​3.6 hectares, it is one of the largest Hindu temple complexes in Kerala. Unfortunately, non-Hindus are not allowed in. But the temple is also a feast for the eyes from the outside with its traditional Keralesian architectural style.


Only 32 km away from Thrissur is Gurvayur, one of the most popular pilgrimage centers in the country. The Guruvayur Temple from the 16th century is dedicated to Krishna and known for its healing powers.

Nearby is the Punnathurkotta Elephant Sanctuary, where the elephants donated to the temple are looked after.


Munnar is located at an altitude of over 1500 m and is probably the most famous holiday resort of Kerala in the highest tea-growing area in the world. The drive to Munnar alone is uniquely beautiful. You can see tea, coffee and cardamom plantations, in the background the highest mountain in India, the Anamudi (2695 m). You can visit a tea factory here, the Tata Tea Museum. The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, home to some of Kerala's rarest animals, is also not far.