Why are moths less valued than butterflies?


Discover and protect

Our local butterflies are becoming increasingly rare, so it's high time to do something for them. The new brochure provides numerous tips for your own garden and balcony and gives an insight into the fascinating world of butterflies and moths. Here you will find some excerpts from the brochure, which is available to download free of charge thanks to funding from the Foundation for Environment and Development.

Life cycle of butterflies

Illustration: Stefanie Gendera

After mating, the females lay eggs on a very specific plant. Many butterfly species specialize in one or a few plant species. A caterpillar hatches from the egg and spends most of its life eating the plant. After several moults, the caterpillar pupates, forming a thin pupa skin or a cocoon. The metamorphosis into a butterfly finally takes place in the pupa. The flying butterfly now visits various flowering plants and feeds on the nectar.

Butterflies and moths

Illustration: Stefanie Gendera

Among the butterflies there are moths and moths. The mostly colorful and eye-catching butterflies can be easily observed when visiting flowers in the garden. We meet moths less often due to their activity phase during the night. Often they are then grouped under the collective term “moths” and are not particularly valued. This is not least due to their mostly inconspicuous appearance, which serves as camouflage during the day. Moths even make up the majority of butterflies: 95% of the native butterfly species are moths. How are they different?

A herb spiral for your garden

Illustration: Stefanie Gendera

Butterflies find everything they need between thyme, sage and dill: forage plants for the caterpillars and nectar plants for the moths. Whether as a herb spiral, as a small herb bed or in a balcony box - herbs should not be missing in any butterfly garden. Dill, fennel and wild carrot are important for the swallowtail caterpillars. The flowers of chives, sage and oregano are often visited by map, small fire butterfly, peacock butterfly and whiteflies. Various types of mint and thyme are also very popular.

The special thing about the herb spiral is the large number of plants that find optimal conditions in the smallest of spaces. The upper part of the spiral is dry, downward it becomes more humid. There are sunny and partially shaded areas. The stones are also suitable as a valuable biotope for insects, reptiles and amphibians.