What were the achievements of the Inca Empire

Culture : Accompaniment into the afterlife

When the Spanish crown set out to discover new worlds at the end of the 15th century, it was not long before their native cultures fell victim to the destruction of the conquistadors, with the assassination of Atahuapulla ending the Inca Empire in Peru in 1532. With hardly less draconian means, this tribe from the Andes highlands had succeeded in just under a hundred years in founding an empire that stretched from Chile to Colombia. Unlike the foreigners from the ancient world, however, the Inca made the achievements of the subject While the history of the Inca Empire through the Spanish conquerors has been passed down quite well, the precursor cultures on the territory of Peru have been forgotten over time. Research that only began towards the end of the 19th century gradually brought the history of pre-Columbian times to light Finds, especially from burial grounds, proved the existence of High cultures since around 1500 BC.

A sales exhibition by the "Kunsthandlung Faethe" in the rooms of the "2nd Art Quarter" on Gendarmenmarkt invites you to discover them. Ceramic vessels, textiles, metal objects, musical instruments and jewelry, some of which come from a Bonn private collection brought together in Peru in 1878, are shown as components of the cult of the dead, which was common to all cultures before Christianization, they were added to the mummified corpses for the journey to the afterlife.

It is in particular the colorful imagery on the numerous traditional ceramics and fabrics that provides information about the worldview of their creators. Animal representations often give their shape to figures of gods, such as the cat demon, which is characteristic of the culture of Chavín. From around 1500 BC It can be proven that it is the basis of the Peruvian cultural development. Its handicraft products shaped the local cultures that developed in the river valleys of the coastal regions from 400 BC onwards. A so-called stirrup vessel (14,000 marks) around 1000 BC shows a typical form of the Chavín, the The rough barreness of these simple vessels was replaced by the naturalistic figurative pottery of the Moche from 200 B.C. Fertility cults are prominent in all pre-Columbian cultures, as the cultivation of most useful plants has its origin here Ceramicists of the Nazca culture (100-800 AD, south coast) took this tra dition with a bowl with fish (950 marks) around 300 AD. With the culture of Tiahuanaco (500-1000 AD) a period of expansion begins. The style of the cultic center on Lake Titicaca on the border to Bolivia, finds from the southern and northern coastal regions and the highlands show. Tightly woven fabrics with geometrical representations are characteristic of this culture, while filigree tulle fabrics, which were wound around the heads of the dead, come from Chancay (1220-1450 AD). On the central coast, like a report, they cover representations of people or the pelicans common to coastal cultures.

Kunstquartier, Markgrafenstraße 35, until May 15, Monday to Friday 11 am-7pm, Saturday 11 am-4pm.

Now new: We give you 4 weeks of Tagesspiegel Plus! To home page