When will the NEET 2018 exam be?

7.3% of female 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2019 ...

“7.3% of female 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2019. While 5.4% of female adolescents without a migration background were affected, it was 13% for female adolescents with a migration background. "
ÖIF (ed.), Women. Figures, data and facts on Migration & Integration 2020 (2021), p. 47.

NEET rate for 15 to 29 year old residents, EU foreigners and citizens of third countries ...

"In 2019, the NEET rate for young people aged 15-29 years in the EU-27 was 11.8% among nationals, while the rates for young citizens of other EU Member States (15.3%) and young non-EU citizens (24.2% ) were higher. "
Eurostat (ed.), Migrant integration statistics. 2020 edition (2021), p. 84.
In 2019, the NEET rate for 15 to 29 year old residents in Austria was only 6.3%, for EU foreigners 12.0%, and for citizens of third countries it was 20.8%. (Source: ibidem, Figure 3.7.)

NEET 2019 ...

“In total, 7% of 15 to 24 year olds in 2019 were neither employed nor in training or further education. For young people with a migration background (12%) the proportion was twice as high as for young people without a migration background (6%). The proportion of young people of the first generation of immigrants (14%) without participation in education or the labor market was significantly higher than among young people of the second generation of immigrants (9%). "
ÖIF (Ed.), School and Integration (September 2020), p. 8.

11% of young people with a migration background between the ages of 15 and 24 were neither in training nor employment in 2019 ...

"In 2019, 11% of young people with a migration background between 15 and 24 years of age were neither in training nor employment; for young people without a migration background, the comparable proportion was 5%."
ibw (Ed.), Report on the situation of youth employment and apprenticeship training in Austria 2018-2019 (2020), p. 17.

On average across OECD countries, 39% of 25 to 29 year olds without an upper secondary education belong to the NEET group ...

"On average across OECD countries, 39% of 25-29 year olds without an upper secondary degree belong to the NEET group, compared with 17% of those with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary degree."
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2020. OECD Indicators (2020), p. 42.

In 2019, the proportion of young adults who were neither in employment nor in training was at its lowest level since 2000 ...

"In 2019, the proportion of young adults who were neither in employment nor in training was at its lowest level since 2000. On average across OECD countries, 15.2% of 20- to 24-year-olds were NEETs that year, 10 years earlier, the share was around 4 percentage points higher (18.7%). "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2020. OECD Indicators (2020), p. 66.
In Austria only 12.0% of 20 to 24 year olds were NEETs in 2009; by 2019 this percentage had fallen to 10.9%. (Source: ibidem, Table A2.2.)

On average across OECD countries, 14.3% of 18- to 24-year-olds are NEETs ...

“Young adults who have not found employment after leaving the education and training system are often referred to as NEETs after the English abbreviation (Neither Employed nor in Education or Training - neither employed nor in training). On average in the OECD countries, 14.3% of 18- to 24-year-olds are NEETs. "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2020. OECD Indicators (2020), p. 68.
In Austria, 10.8% of 18 to 24 year olds are NEETs. (Source: ibidem, Table A2.1.)

A degree in upper secondary education brings particularly great advantages in Germany, Austria ...

“In OECD countries, an average of 10.7% of 25-29 year olds graduates from tertiary education are NEETs, while the percentage of upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary graduates is 16.7% and 39 .2% for those with an educational level below upper secondary level. […] A degree in upper secondary level brings particularly great advantages in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia and Slovenia. In these countries, the NEET share of 25 to 29-year-olds with an upper secondary level or post-secondary, non-tertiary level is only around a quarter of the share of those with an educational level below upper secondary level. "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2020. OECD Indicators (2020), p. 70.

On average across OECD countries, 18% of foreign-born 15- to 29-year-olds belong to the NEET group ...

“On average across OECD countries, 18% of foreign-born 15-29 year olds belong to the NEET group, compared with 13% of native-born. The difference is clearest in Germany and Austria, where around 25% of 15 to 29-year-olds born abroad belong to the NEETs and less than 10% of those born in Germany. "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2020. OECD Indicators (2020), p. 71.

Employability of Austria's school leavers high ...

"Overall, the national employability index is at a relatively constant, high level of most recently 88.9% - also due to the vocational school system in Austria - and thus well above the EU-28 value of 81.5%."
Statistics Austria (Ed.), Agenda 2030 - SDG Indicator Report (2020), p. 39.

Share of NEETs in 2019 ...

“In 2019, the share of NEETs was 7.1% and thus slightly higher than in 2018 with 6.8%. On average in the EU-28, 10.5% (2018) of young people belonged to the NEETs. "
Statistics Austria (Ed.), Agenda 2030 - SDG Indicator Report (2020), p. 50f.

7.1% of 15- to 24-year-olds had no job in 2019 and did not take part in any training or further training measure ...

“7.1% of 15- to 24-year-olds had no job in 2019 and did not take part in any training or further training measure. Among the young people from abroad, the proportion of 13.5% was significantly higher than among young people with Austrian citizenship (5.8%).
Statistics Austria (publisher), migration & integration - numbers.daten.indikatoren 2020 (2020), p. 9f.

Around 7% of 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2019 ...

"Around 7% of 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2019. Young people without a migration background were affected by 6%, young people with a migration background by 12%. "
Statistics Austria (Ed.), Migration & integration --zahlen.daten.indikatoren 2020 (2020), p. 63.

Countries maintaining a substantial dual apprenticeship system exhibit a much smoother transition from school to work ...

"It is generally observed that countries maintaining a substantial dual apprenticeship system (on-the-job training combined with formal vocational schooling), such as Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, also exhibit a much smoother transition from school to work, with low youth unemployment, and a small share of the population neither in employment nor in education and training. "
OECD (Ed.), "Education Indicators in Focus 68" (March 2019), p. 3

On average across all OECD countries, 14.3% of 18- to 24-year-olds are neither in employment nor in some form of training ...

“On average across all OECD countries, 14.3% of 18- to 24-year-olds are neither in employment nor in any form of training (this group is known as NEET: Neither Employed, nor in Education or Training). "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2019 (2019), p. 63.
In Austria it is 11.1%. (Source: ibidem, Figure A2.1.)

Across OECD countries, an average of 10.8% of 25-29 year olds with a tertiary degree are NEETs ...

“In OECD countries, an average of 10.8% of 25-29 year olds with a tertiary degree are NEETs, but the proportion rises to 16.8% among upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary graduates. and to around 40.1% for those without an upper secondary degree. "
OECD (Ed.), Education at a Glance 2019 (2019), p. 63.
Austria: 8.3%, 12.2% and 44.4%, respectively. (Source: ibidem, Figure 2.4.)

Around 7% of 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2018 ...

"Around 7% of 15- to 24-year-olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2018. 5% of young people without a migration background were affected, 11% of young people with a migration background. "
Statistics Austria (Ed.), Migration & integration --zahlen.daten.indikatoren 2019 (2019), p. 62.

The NEET challenge ...

"A major global challenge is the phenomenon of young people who are not in education, employment or training (NEET). Worldwide, 30 per cent of young women and 13 per cent of young men were classified as NEET in 2018. "
ILO (Ed.), "World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2019" (2019), p. 20

Early leavers from education and training face particularly severe problems in the labor market ...

"Early leavers from education and training face particularly severe problems in the labor market. In 2018, 53.8% of 18- to 24-year-old early leavers from education and training were either unemployed or inactive. "
Eurostat (ed.), Smarter, greener, more inclusive? 2019 edition (2019), p. 10.

In Canada, the proportion of NEET individuals aged 20–24 has increased over the past decade ...

"In Canada, the proportion of NEET individuals aged 20–24 has increased over the past decade, approaching 15 per cent in 2016 (up from 13 per cent in 2006)."
ILO (Ed.), "World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2019" (2019), p. 37

One of the most socio-economically vulnerable groups of young people ...

"One of the most socio-economically vulnerable groups of young people are those not in education, employment or training (NEETs). As of December 2018, 788,000 young people (ages 16-26), or 11.3% of all youth, in the United Kingdom were categorized as NEET, which is higher than the OECD average. "
OECD (Ed.), Educating 21st Century Children (2019), p. 165.

On average, 40.1% of 25-29 year-olds without upper secondary education are NEET ...

"On average, 40.1% of 25-29 year-olds without upper secondary education are NEET, compared to 16.8% of those with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education and 10.8% for those who completed a tertiary degree."
OECD (Ed.), "Education at a Glance 2019" (2019), p. 53

Youth not in education, employment or training (NEET) is one of the main challenges for OECD countries ...

"Youth not in education, employment or training (NEET) is one of the main challenges for OECD countries, especially following the 2007-08 crisis. [...] In total, 10.7% of people aged 18-24 years left school before or upon completing lower secondary education (i.e. early leavers) in 2018, 2.1 p.p. down from 2012. "
OECD (Ed.), Government at a Glance 2019 (2019), p. 186.
In Austria, the NEET share fell to 4.5% in 2018. (Source: ibidem, p. 187)

In the European Union in 2018, more than 18% of immigrants aged 15-24 were neither in employment, education or training ...

"In the European Union in 2018, more than 18% of immigrants aged 15-24 were neither in employment, education or training (NEET) compared to 11% of their native peers. In non-European OECD countries, the incidence of NEET was lower. "
OECD (Ed.), International Migration Outlook 2019 (2019), p. 74.

Finland: Those who failed to complete upper secondary education ...

Finland: "Those who failed to complete upper secondary education account for nearly half of all youth who are not in employment, education or training (the so-called NEETs)."
OECD (Ed.), "Investing in Youth: Finland" (2019), p. 9

A considerable share of young Koreans are neither employed, nor engaged in formal education or training (the so-called NEETs) ...

“A considerable share of young Koreans are neither employed, nor engaged in formal education or training (the so-called NEETs). In 2017, the NEET rate reached 18.4% for the age group 15 to 29 years, compared with the 13.4% cross-country OECD average. "
OECD (Ed.), Investing in Youth. Korea (2019), p. 10f.
In Austria it was only 8.4%. (Source: Eurostat database, accessed November 16, 2019)

South Korea: College and university graduates are more likely to be NEETs than those with lower educational attainments are ...

South Korea: "College and university graduates are more likely to be NEETs than those with lower educational attainments are, whereas the opposite applies in most other OECD countries."
OECD (Ed.), Investing in Youth. Korea (2019), p. 23.

It can take a while for Korean school leavers to settle into a job ...

"It can take a while for Korean school leavers to settle into a job. In 2017, the average length of time between leaving school and starting a first job was nearly a year. "
OECD (Ed.), Investing in Youth. Korea (2019), p. 26.

South Korea's extremely high academic rate and its consequences ...

"The NEET (not in employment, education or training) rate in Korea, 18% in 2017, is slightly higher than the OECD average, but higher-educated Korean youth are more affected than those with lower education, the opposite of the situation in most other OECD countries. "
OECD (Ed.), "Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Korea 2019" (2019), p. 31

Foreign-borns neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) ...

"On average across OECD and partner countries where at least 5% of 15-29 year-olds are foreign-born, one-quarter of foreign-born 15-29 year-olds who arrived in the country after the age of 15 are neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) compared with only 15% of those who arrived by this age. "
OECD (Ed.), Education Indicators in Focus 65 (December 2018), p. 5.

NEETs 2016 ...

NEET: “Almost 8% of 15 to 24 year olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2016. Almost 6% of young people without a migrant background were affected, and more than 13% of young people with a migrant background. The proportion of the first generation of immigrants, at over 15%, was even higher than that of the second generation of immigrants, at 11%. For young people from the EU and EFTA countries, the proportion was significantly lower (8%) than for young people from third countries (15%). "

ÖIF (Ed), "Migration and School" (May 2018), p. 5f

 

Around 7% of 15 to 24 year olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2017 ...

“Around 7% of 15 to 24 year olds were neither employed nor in training or further education in 2017. Young people without a migration background were affected by almost 5%, young people with a migration background by 12%. "

Statistics Austria (ed.), "Migration & integration --zahlen.daten.indikatoren 2018" (2018), p. 60

 

Early school leavers in the EU ...

"Early leavers from education and training face particularly severe problems in the labor market. In 2017, 55.7% of 18 to 24 year old early leavers from education and training were either unemployed or inactive. This share has increased by 10.1 percentage points compared to 2008. "

Eurostat (Ed), “Smarter, greener, more inclusive? 2018 edition "(2018), p. 11

 

EU: In 2017, 14.3% of 18 to 24 year olds were neither in employment nor in education (NEET) ...

EU: "In 2017, 14.3% of 18 to 24 year olds were neither in employment nor in education (NEET), exposing themselves to the risk of labor market exclusion and dependence on social security."

Eurostat (Ed), “Smarter, greener, more inclusive? 2018 edition "(2018), p. 36

In Austria it was only 8.1%. (Source: Eurostat database, query of 29 July 2018)

 

Dual education promotes social mobility ...

"Apprenticeship training, i.e. combining work and study within a firm-based approach from day one, are particularly effective in smoothing school-to-work transitions, which is essential to promote intergenerational mobility. "
OECD (Ed.), “A Broken Social Elevator? How to Promote Social Mobility "(2018), p. 44

In Norway, children born into low socio-economic backgrounds face a higher risk of becoming NEET in their youth ...

"In Norway, children born into low socio-economic backgrounds face a higher risk of becoming NEET in their youth. Young people whose mother did not have an uppersecondary education are more than twice as likely to be NEET as the children of tertiary educated mothers. This effect is strongest for 15-19 year-olds, indicating a particularly strong effect of parental education on upper-secondary school drop-out. "

OECD (Ed.), "Investing in Youth: Norway" (2018), p. 44

 

Norway: Disadvantage for young people with parents who were not gainfully employed ...

Norway: "Having grown-up in a household with parents who were not gainfully employed puts young people at a disadvantage - those whose father was not working when they were 16 years old are twice as likely to be NEET as those whose father was working, a somewhat bigger cleavage than in Germany. "

OECD (Ed.), "Investing in Youth: Norway" (2018), pp. 44f

 

NEETs in Norway report significantly lower life satisfaction than other young people ...

"NEETs in Norway report significantly lower life satisfaction than other young people, and are much more likely to suffer from poor mental health indicated by self-reported anxiety and depression. Four-out-of-ten NEETs reported low life satisfaction, a share that is four times higher than among young people who study or work - a much bigger gap than in the EU on average, where NEETs are only twice as likely to be unsatisfied with their lives as other young people. "

OECD (Ed.), "Investing in Youth: Norway" (2018), p. 45

 

USA: In 2016, some 17 percent of 20- to 24-year-olds were neither enrolled in school nor working ...

USA: “In 2016, some 17 percent of 20- to 24-year-olds were neither enrolled in school nor working […] some 31 percent of those in poor households were neither in school nor working, compared to 13 percent of those in nonpoor households. "

ies (Ed.), "The Condition of Education 2018" (2018), Highlights, p. XXXVI

 

Italy: NEET-rate the highest in the EU (21%) ...

Italy: “Youth unemployment has doubled from 20% in 2007 to 40% in 2015 and the proportion of young people aged 15 to 24 who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) is the highest in the EU (21%). "

Dr. Daniele Pacifico et al., "Faces of Joblessness in Italy" (2018), p. 11

 

High NEET rates close or above 20% are still recorded in a number of countries (Croatia, Bulgaria, Italy and Romania) ...

"High NEET rates close or above 20% are still recorded in a number of countries (Croatia, Bulgaria, Italy and Romania, the latter even showing a substantial increase in 2015). There are also indications that the NEET rate is going in the wrong direction in Denmark, Finland, France and Slovakia. "

EU Commission (Ed.), "Joint Employment Report 2017" (2017), p. 38

 

The share of youth that are NEET in France ...

"The share of youth that are NEET in France reached 17.1% in France in 2015, which is substantially higher than the OECD average of 14.6%."

OECD (Ed.), “Getting Skills Right. France "(2017), p. 17

 

Italy: Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work ...

Italy: "Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work. [...] Many of them take too long to finish their studies and conduct independent lives - for example outside their parents ’houses."

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017" (2017), p. 131

 

Nearly one in four youth in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training ...

"Nearly one in four youth (ages 15-29) in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training - the co-called NEETs - the highest value in the OECD area preceded only by Turkey."

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017" (2017), p. 145

 

Italy: School-to-work transitions are among the longest in the world ...

Italy: “School-to-work transitions are among the longest in the world. There are several ways to measure the school-to-work transition, and Italy underperforms in all of them. "

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017" (2017), p. 147

 

The time needed to get 50% of the youth population into work after school leaving is equal to 5.9 years in Italy ...

Italy: "The time needed to get 50% of the youth population into work after school leaving is equal to 5.9 years in Italy - longer than any OECD countries and most developing countries for which data is available. Similarly, the average duration of completed transitions - another measure of school-to-work transition - is 1.7 years and higher levels are found only in Spain (1.8) across the OECD, and South Africa (2.7) across non-OECD countries for which data is available. "

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017" (2017), p. 147

 

Financial loss for the whole of society ...

"Recent OECD estimates show that the" NEET cost ", i.e. the gross labor income NEETs could command if they were employed, measured as the gross labor cost (including social security contributions), represents 1.4% of GDP in Italy, above most OECD countries (only preceded by Belgium, Turkey and Greece) and higher than the OECD average of 0.9%. "

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017" (2017), p. 148

 

Italy: The average share of Italian NEET is extremely high by international standards ...

Italy: "The average share of Italian NEET (population aged 15-29 who is neither in employment nor in education or training) is extremely high by international standards (around 27%) and it was second only to Greece in 2014."

OECD (Ed.), “Getting Skills Right. Italy "(2017), p. 150

 

Vocational education as key to lowering youth unemployment rates ...

"Vocational education is increasingly considered as key to lowering youth unemployment rates and facilitating the transition of young people from education into work / the labor market."

Eurostat (Ed.), "Eurostat regional yearbook 2017" (2017), p. 78

 

Employment level of young graduates ...

"Generally, capital city regions reported relatively high employment rates for recent graduates in 2016, with these regions recording the highest rates in six of the 22 multi-regional EU Member States. One notable exception to this general pattern was Austria, as Vienna recorded the lowest regional employment rate for recent graduates in Austria. "

Eurostat (Ed.), "Eurostat regional yearbook 2017" (2017), p. 90

 

In the majority of OECD countries the foreign-born are over-represented in NEET ...

"In the majority of OECD countries the foreign-born are over-represented in NEET with the result that the average NEET rate among foreign-born youth in OECD countries is 30% (or six percentage points) higher than that among native-born youth . "

OECD (Ed.), "International Migration Outlook 2017" (2017), p. 72

In Austria, the NEET share among newcomers is not 30%, but 137% higher than that of those born in the country.

 

UK: 16-year-olds who were bullied at school were twice as likely to be without education, employment or training ...

"A 2010 study in the UK found that 16-year-olds who were bullied at school were twice as likely to be without education, employment or training, and to have lower wage levels at ages 23 and 33, than those who were not bullied . In turn, young men who are not in education, employment or training, are three times more likely to suffer from depression and five times more likely to have a criminal record. "

UNESCO (ed.), "School Violence and Bullying" (2017), p. 28

 

Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are NEET ...

"Drop-out rates are significantly lower than in other European countries and Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) and one of the highest shares of those who are already in gainful employment at this age. "

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Economic Surveys - AUSTRIA" (2017), p. 120

 

Foreign-born youth in the Netherlands are particularly at risk of becoming NEET ...

"Foreign-born youth in the Netherlands are particularly at risk of becoming NEET. Foreign-born youth (aged 15-24) are more than twice as likely as native-born youth to be NEET (OECD, 2016b). They are at serious risk of economic and social exclusion, with potentially harmful effects for all of society. "

OECD (Ed.), "OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Netherlands 2017" (2017), p. 135

 

Italy's NEET rate ...

"Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training in the OECD."

Dr. Paula Garda, "Enhancing employability and skills to meet labor market needs in Italy" (2017), p. 8

Italy's NEET rate is only exceeded by Greece.

 

Educational attainment and skills are less linked to NEET status in Japan than in most other OECD countries ...

"Educational attainment and skills are less linked to NEET status in Japan than in most other OECD countries; over one third of Japanese NEETs even have a tertiary qualification. "

OECD (Ed.), "Investing in Youth: Japan" (2017), p. 14

 

Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET ...

"Drop-out rates are significantly lower than in other European countries and Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) and one of the highest shares of those who are already in gainful employment at this age. "

Dr. Volker Ziemann, "Inclusive labor Markets in the digital era: The case of Austria" (2017), p. 22

 

Austria’s VET-oriented tracks as key drivers ...

"The scope and diversity of Austria’s VET-oriented tracks are arguably key drivers for the country’s strong performance in the transition from school to work."

Dr. Volker Ziemann, "Inclusive labor Markets in the digital era: The case of Austria" (2017), p. 22

 

Neither employed nor educated in Italy and Greece ...

“At Member State level, in 2015 more than one in four young people aged 20 to 24 in Italy (31.1%) and Greece (26.1%) were neither in work nor in education or training or more as one in five in Croatia (24.2%), Romania (24.1%), Bulgaria (24.0%), Spain and Cyprus (both 22.2%) were also in this situation. "

Eurostat (ed.), Press release of 11 August 2016

 

Higher risk for young people with a migration background ...

"Young people with a migration background have a higher risk of only completing compulsory school and dropping out of school early and are therefore more at risk of involuntarily falling into the NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) category."

think.difference (Ed.), "Young people in open youth work" (2016), p. 60

 

Foreign-born young people are significantly more exposed to the risk of being NEETs ...

"Foreign-born young people are significantly more exposed to the risk of being NEETs than the native-born. In most OECD countries, youth born outside their country of residence are 1.5 times more likely to be NEET than native youth. "

OECD (Ed.), “Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), p. 19

 

A growing share of youth fall into the category of neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) ...