Why are goats such good climbers

Mountain goats: animal profile in the animal lexicon

Mountain goats go up walls! They climb up to dizzying heights on tiny ledges. And depend not only on their enemies, but also on researchers

General information about the mountain goat

Let's clarify this right at the beginning: The mountain goat lives under a false name. She's not a goat at all, at least not a real one. Domestic goats and ibex are just distant relatives. The mountain goat has its own genus called orreamnos.

Like her full scientific name Oreamnos americanus reveals, she lives exclusively in America, more precisely: in North America, more precisely: in the mountains on the west coast of Canada and the USA.

Anyone who watches the mountain goat there might catch their breath at times. The narrow protrusions that protrude from the steep, craggy rock faces measure less than half a meter.

The mountain goat balances on it as naturally as if it were walking on a wide road. One misstep would suffice and she fell several hundred meters! However, that hardly ever happens. After all, the mountain goat is on the move on extremely agile hooves.

Mountain goats: the body in focus

  1. horns: With their horns up to 30 centimeters long, mountain goats not only fight against each other, but also defend themselves against enemies. How old an animal is can be read from the number of annual rings on the horns.
  2. fur: With their white fur made of thick, fluffy undercoat and shaggy outer hair, mountain goats do not freeze even at minus 45 degrees Celsius! In spring, they scrub the long shags on top of rock walls and tree trunks.
  3. Hooves: The animals keep their balance with their two flexible toes. A soft leather skin on the underside of the hooves gives hold on the rock, and the "dewclaws" on each foot ensure that they do not slip.
  4. beard: In mountain goats, women also have beards, namely a throat beard - but this is only found on the neck of adult animals.
  5. Scent glands: Scent glands sit between the horns. During the rut, the males use it to mark their territory by rubbing their heads against branches and twigs.
  6. pages: Mountain goats have thicker skin on the flanks. In combat, this protects your body from more serious injuries.

Profile: mountain goat

  • General: Mountain goats, scientifically Oreamnos americanus, are also called mountain goats. They are not real goats, however.
  • size: Mountain goats can be around 1.80 meters tall and weigh up to 140 kilograms.
  • Age: Mountain goats rarely get older than twelve years.
  • Lining: Grasses, leaves, mosses, lichens and flowers. They also lick mineral salts from the rocks in order to absorb important nutrients.
  • Enemies: Puma, grizzly bear, wolf and wolverine
  • distribution: They live in the mountains on the west coast of North America, from southern Alaska to Idaho.
  • offspring: In May or June the bitches usually give birth to one young, rarely two. The fawns usually stay with the mother for a year until the mother has offspring again.