Why is David called Jesus Father
The two family trees of Jesus Christ
The family trees of Jesus Christ are described in Matthew 1: 1-17 and Luke 3: 23-38. We shouldn't be surprised that we have two family trees. Everyone has two family trees: one from the father and one from the mother. Now the Father of Jesus is God and so he could not have a pedigree from his natural father. However, his legal status in society was dependent on the man whom society assumed was his father, i.e. Joseph. That is why the Word of God tells of two family trees. With respect to these two pedigrees, two assumed problems have arisen. The first problem relates to the fact that while in the family tree of Matthew (Matthew 1:16) it says:
"Jacob begat Joseph, Mary's husband,"
i.e. that Joseph was a son of Jacob, in the relevant family tree of Luke says:
"And he himself, Jesus, was about thirty years old when he appeared and was believed to be a son of Joseph, Eli, Mattat, ..."
The problem usually lies here, as this family tree was assumed to be Joseph's. But this family tree is not that of Joseph, but that of JESUS. Jesus, who was considered by the society as the son of Joseph’s, was the son of Heli, who was the son of Mattat, etc. He was not the son of Heli over Joseph, since according to Matthew the father of Joseph was not Heli but Jacob. Therefore, through whom was Jesus the son of Heli? The answer is natural through Mary1.
There was also another controversial factor, namely the counting of generations in verse 17 of Matthew 1, where we read:
"So now all the families from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David to the way to Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the way to Babylon to the Christ are fourteen generations."
Most people read the 3 by fourteen of the above passage and instead of finding the three by fourteen, they try to find a single forty-two (42). Honestly, where does the word forty-two generations speak? Nowhere. Instead, the word speaks of three groups of fourteen generations each. Which are these groups? Scripture's answer is very clear:
The first group goes from Abraham to David. As a matter of fact:
"from Abraham to David fourteen generations"
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judas, Perez, Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nachshon, Salmon, Boas, Obed, Isai, David.
The second group is that of David up to the lead to Babylon. Many make the mistake of counting from Solomon, despite the fact that the word says “FROM DAVID”. If we follow the limitation of Scripture, we have:
"from David to the way to Babylon fourteen generations"
"David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Joschafat, Joram, Usija, Jotam, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah"
This is the royal group of fourteen generations since everyone in that group was kings. The group starts with David and ends with Josiah, the last real king of the kingdom.
We are told about the third group that it goes from the leading to Babylon to Christ. As a matter of fact:
"from the route to Babylon down to Christ fourteen generations"
Jojachin4, Schealtiël, Zerubbabel, Abihud, Eljakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Mattan, Jacob, Josef, Jesus.
It is therefore very clear that when the word speaks of three groups of fourteen generations, it means it. Now if we look for forty-two generations, we are looking for something that the word does not say, and we will have problems with that.
1. The fact that we have Joseph's name instead of Maria's does not have to be strange. As a look at the many family trees in the Bible shows, it can be confirmed that a woman's name is extremely rare. This also applies to the family trees in Matthew and Luke, in which there is no woman. The reason for this lies in the oriental customs of the countries and times in the Bible.
2. Despite the fact that Jehoiachin is mentioned twice, once in Matthew 1:11, where we are told that he and his brothers were conceived “AT the time of the going to Babylon”, and once a verse later in Matthew 1: 12, where it is said "AFTER the route to Babylon but Jehoiachin begat Shealtiël ...", he may only be counted in one of the two groups that have the route to Babylon as a limitation. The reason for this is that the boundary (in contrast to David in the case of the first and second group) is not Jehoiachin but the route to Babylon and therefore Jehoiachin only has to be counted in one of the two sides of this boundary. The group to which Jehoiachin belongs is the third, otherwise the second group would have fifteen, while the first would only have thirteen generations, which is not according to the word.
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